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Alano Espanyol - stern look and flexible character

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Alano or, as they are also called, Spanish Bulldogs these are dogs of rather large sizes related to molossians. These dogs were bred by the Alano tribes, for which they acquired their name.

The tribes were engaged in breeding horses, cattle, but, also, were excellent warriors. And they bred dogs that could participate in any battles. So it happened that the Spanish Alano began to be used in bullfighting, where it gained immense popularity.

However, in many cities they began to refuse bullfighting, which means that dogs were not needed. And the bullfight that remained already dispensed with bullfights with dogs. Then a man came up with dog fights for his amusement, and again strong, powerful and hardy Alano came to the fore.

But fights, soon, began to be banned. They began to forget about the breed. And, perhaps, a magnificent, beautiful dog would disappear altogether, like a breed, if the cynologists had not sounded the alarm. Only through their efforts Alano breed It has reached our days and is now only beginning to enjoy a well-deserved interest. If you consider photo Alano, you can find a lot in common with the American Staffordshire Terrier. They are really too similar, but still, they are completely different breeds.

According to the standard, the growth of dogs of this breed should not be less than 45-50 cm at the withers, while weight is allowed only above 30 kg. The dog has a large head, powerful jaws, ears, as a rule, stop. The dog’s neck is powerful, strong. Well-developed, wide, pumped up chest, strong legs. Wool spanish alano short, tight to the croup. The color spectrum of wool is quite wide.

Origin history

How the breed occurred is still not fully known. There are suggestions that similar to modern ones appeared back in the 4th-5th centuries AD. On the territory of Spain came thanks to the Irish nomadic tribes, which owes its name.

The purpose of the dog is to guard and protect livestock. Some used in dog fights, which are banned. Their mission at that time with the dogs was serious.

They accompanied their masters in the war of conquest, where they helped defeat the Indian communities and capture slaves. Powerful enough, impressive and with a serious look, the dog was popular wherever strength was needed.

In one of the works of the Spanish artist of the Romanticism period, Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes, Alano's participation in bullfighting was recorded by him in 1816. Over time, once popular, it gradually began to disappear.

This was due to the fact that they ceased to be in demand among hunters, participation in bullfighting was banned, and they no longer needed to work as shepherds. By the end of 1962, the Alano practically disappeared.

Since the 70s of our time, scientists, students and amateurs have decided to find the remaining Alano dogs in the west and north of Spain.

A painstaking search yielded results; they found them only in the Southern Basque Country. There, the Alano bulldog was used exclusively for guard and hunting purposes, so these individuals did not lose their working qualities.

The stock was restored, and only in 2004 gained popularity with the Spanish Club of Dog Breeders. She has not yet been recognized by FCI.

Standard


Alano has impressive dimensions, a very large and athletically built dog. They combine a formidable appearance and a balanced, manageable character. They are a lightweight version of the Molossian type. The weight of some can reach 55 kg.

  • Skull: wide, large. The hillock at the back of the head is well developed. The transition lines are sharp.
  • Muzzle: short, square, wide.
  • Nose: large, black.
  • Lips: without pigmentation, tight fit.
  • Jaw: powerful, strong, grip, scissor bite. The teeth are complete, white and even, the fangs are long.
  • Eyes: almond-shaped, stretched slightly, widely spaced, brown in all shades. The look is strict, frightening and formidable.
  • Ears: stand high, wide distance, triangular, drooping, stopping.
  • Neck: short, powerful, with a wither at the withers.
  • Case: square silhouette, well-developed skeleton, muscular, without fat, back straight.
  • Tail: acinaciform, short, rather thick.
  • Extremities: straight, parallel.
  • Feet: oval, large, fingers tightly pressed.
  • Coat: has no undercoat, very short, stiff.

Character


The dog is a Spanish bulldog quite complaisant, calm, balanced and non-aggressive, even having such formidable and impressive data. But if they or their beloved households are in danger, they are ready to stand not for life, but to death.

Courage, fearlessness - these are the hallmarks of this special dog. Never betray, always understand the intonation of the owner and execute all his commands.

It’s easy to train your pet, high intelligence allows them to learn quickly. Has a strong character, likes to lead and dominate.

The breed is powerful, agile and tenacious, with a certain technique of attack. This dog, having a strong skeleton and well-developed muscles, can even knock down a horse and a bull, not exceeding 300 kg in weight.

When raising a dog, you will never feel aggression. The dog is very gentle and affectionate. Loves attention, always obedient and disciplined. If there are other animals in the house, then Alano gets along without problems.

But with very young children it’s not worth leaving, they don’t like being rude to themselves. With strangers, she is always on the alert, vigilant and does not look down, can calm down if she does not see aggression towards close people.


First of all, the basic rule is the Spaniard’s residence in a private house or area where there is a spacious courtyard, preferably a rural one. In winter, identify the pet in the house.

If Alano lives in an apartment, then he needs long walks. All types and breeds of fighting dogs are not whimsical to care for. You need to comb it weekly, during trimming to trim.

Bathe as needed, about 3-4 times a year. Use special shampoos to prevent allergies.

Inspect your ears daily, they must be clean and the ear mite is not wound. For teeth, buy latex toys or give large bones for self-cleaning.

Claws, if not combed during walks, should be cut with scissors. Watch your eyes, in case of discharge, wipe with a decoction of chamomile every day and show to the doctor.

Nutrition

The nutrition of this breed must be balanced, correctly selected and rational. The dog is prone to food allergies. Follow the calories as well, if it is active, increase.

Feed Alan puppies in the first weeks as they were taken from the nursery - similarly, and introduce their products gradually. Therefore, take an interest in what fed the babies. Puppies feed up to 6 months up to 5 times a day, up to 7 - 3 and already from 12 -2 times.

An approximate diet for a bulldog:

  • Meat: lamb, beef, chicken (500-1000 g).
  • Offal (500 g).
  • Sour-milk products: cottage cheese, yogurt, kefir.
  • Boiled vegetables.
  • Porridge cooked on meat broths.
  • Fruit.

There must be 2 bowls, water should not run out and should always be available. If the dog is on a natural diet, be sure to enter vitamins. The ideal diet for an adult pet is a combined one.

Get dry food Premium class. It will consist of products that are recommended for this breed and will be a profitable option for you.

Alternating food and natural products, fully supply the growing body with vitamins. Keep track of calories, be sure to give food on schedule. The state of these powerful dogs depends on a balanced meal.

Health

Nature rewarded them with good, good health. A pet is characterized only by hereditary diseases. Therefore, when buying a puppy, pay attention to the delivery, to exclude dysplasia.

Torsion of the intestines and stomach can occur due to an unbalanced diet and feeding the pet with prohibited foods. These include pastries, fresh bread, fatty and fried foods.

In order to prevent pathology, do not overfeed the dog and monitor physical activity. Genetic diseases include abnormalities in the cardiovascular system.

At the first sign of heart problems, see your vet right away. The main indicator of the disease is cyanotic tongue, fatigue, shortness of breath.

Training

Raising this breed is easy, dogs are well trained, very smart. Therefore, to raise an obedient dog is not difficult. Sociable and friendly disposition allows you to get along with all your pets.

On walks, contact with brothers is quite suitable for socialization. Bring the puppy out of the house after quarantine, which lasts up to 3 months. Train your collar and muzzle.

Bringing the puppy home, determine a place for an overnight stay and food, immediately accustom the toilet to the street. If you purchased a baby in the winter, then in the cold period it should be warm. For this massive dog, it is better to build a spacious aviary.

In the first year of life, give the growing Alano enough attention, care and affection, so he will grow up as a complaisant, non-aggressive and peace-loving pet. Do not show aggression and cruelty towards the dog.

Be nice and she will respond with unlimited devotion and fidelity. The owner will be able to train Alano. Rarely resort to the services of experienced instructors.

The development of new teams should be daily, starting from 6 months. High intelligence allows them to quickly learn new things, only you need to be patient and not to force the pet to do everything at once. A great option for training a puppy is in the form of games.

For the exhibition, if you do not have experience in this matter, it is better to contact the dog breeders. Encourage the pet after the work done and the correctly executed team, do not scold him if he did not succeed.

The basic rule of contact with a dog is to find mutual understanding, trust and become a leader for it. Thanks to friendship, affection and love, a docile, well-mannered and flexible dog will grow out of a small pet. Subscribe to our site. Ahead is a lot of interesting things.

Breed history

The name of the breed comes from the Iranian tribe of Alans, cattle breeders who arrived in Spain during the migration period in the 5th century. These were nomads who traveled after their herds and used large dogs to guard them.

The first formal mention of the breed is found in a 14th-century Spanish book, Libro de la Montería de Alfonso XI, where they are described as hunting dogs of a beautiful color, called Alani.

Dogs of this type traveled with the Spanish conquerors as fighting dogs and were used to subjugate the Indians and capture slaves.

Alano bullfights were first described by Francisco de Goya in his book La Tauromaquia, in 1816. In addition, they were also used in hunting, for example, wild boars.

These large dogs began to disappear, while their scope changed. Hunts became rare, dogs were no longer needed to protect herds, and bullfighting was prohibited. And by 1963, the Spanish bulldogs almost disappeared.

In 1970, a group of veterinarian and amateur students did a great job finding Spanish Alano in the western and northern parts of the country. Several individuals were found in the Basque lands and in the area of ​​Las Encartaciones, where they were used to protect semi-wild herds and for hunting.

The breed standard was created and described, and Alano Espanyol was recognized as a separate breed by the Spanish Club of Dog Lovers in 2004. The Ministry of Agriculture (Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación) recognized this breed of dog as native Spanish.

Although the number of dogs is still small even in their homeland and the breed is not recognized by the International Cynological Federation (Fédération Cynologique Internationale), dogs are starting to gain popularity in the world. First of all, for your character and hunting qualities.

Features of the breed Alano

As a result of the history of the formation of the breed, a strong, courageous, fearless animal with a low pain threshold has reached our days. These dogs will defend their owner to the last of their strength, guard their territory and protect the peace of man. But bloodthirsty people instill in him. This is not in the breed.

In order to get a wonderful, devoted and faithful companion who does not possess aggression at all, it is necessary to have a competent approach to dogs of this breed. There is a very erroneous opinion that obedience and obedience from a dog can only be achieved through physical punishment. This is fundamentally wrong. Any dog ​​can be made to work happily, catch every tin of the owner and carry out any commands without using brute physical force.

And for this breed, beating and punches are strictly prohibited. This is how an evil, aggressive animal will be formed, which will first splash out its anger at passers-by, guests and everyone who just appears in his field of vision, and then the owner himself gets to the full.

There is another extreme - when the dog owners humanize the dogs too much, lisp and talk naively that heart-to-heart talks with the dog will form a real, warm relationship. This, too, is not the correct education of a dog. Moreover, even dangerous to the owner himself. The dog constantly lives in a flock run by a strong, confident and intelligent leader. The human family, where the dog falls, becomes a pack for her, as if for us it would not sound ugly.

And if a person does not take the place of a leader, then a dog takes him with a clear conscience. It should be borne in mind that all manifestations of excessive affection, concessions, pity and other “heart” qualities of a dog are perceived as weakness, and this should not be forgotten!

Not a single dog will tolerate a weak leader, let alone an independent person like the Spanish Bulldog. Very soon, this powerful dog will take control of all the owners, and this will already be a disaster. You should always remember: a dog remains a dog as long as it is controlled by a person, as soon as it comes out from under its obedience, it becomes a beast.

In order to properly manage this serious breed, you should seriously prepare - read a lot of literature, watch training films and be sure to work with a dog handler, but only then you can get yourself such a dog.

People who do not have experience in dealing with dogs who do not know how to achieve authority in a pet should take the time to buy this breed. However, if bring up alano correctly, you can get a magnificent, balanced dog, which will become both a wonderful friend and a reliable guard.

Exterior

Spanish alano are dogs athletic physique with highly developed muscles. The height at the withers of males is 58–65 cm for females 53–60 cm, weight 37–45 kg and 30–40 kg, respectively. The head of these dogs is large with rough features, the frontal part sharply protrudes forward, the line of the forehead is strictly parallel to the muzzle. The nose is large with wide nostrils, black. Alano has a large mouth with strong jaws with large teeth. Eyes of medium size, almond-shaped with an expressive look, color from light to dark brown. Ears are set high, stopping in childhood.

The neck is not long, with good muscles, there is a small suspension. The body is slightly elongated, the croup is rounded, slightly higher than the withers.
The limbs are even, parallel with well-developed muscles. Fingers are quite long (longer on the hind legs than on the front) with very hard claws and dense pads. Profitable fingers are missing.

The Alans' hair is short, on the chest more rare than on the body, on the tail the longest. The color can be different: from black and all shades of gray to red and tiger, white spots on the chest, neck, legs are acceptable.

Breed photo

Care and nutrition of the dog Alano

Caring for Alano consists in carrying out and following certain procedures or actions, such as:

  • veterinary
  • hygienic
  • regime moments
  • nutrition.

Veterinary procedures consist of timely vaccinations, as well as taking medications against parasites and monitoring the general health of the dog. Even a mild ailment of a dog should not be ignored; it is better to consult a veterinarian immediately so as not to miss a serious illness.

Hygienic procedures are carried out at home, but they must be regular. This is the examination and cleaning of eyes and ears, clipping, combing hair, bathing a dog. It should be noted that these dogs do not require frequent washing. Alano's coat is short, unable to stray into tangles and hold dirt on itself.

Brushing is enough to make the coat clean again. A completely raw dog after washing is subject to drafts. Regime moments are important for the dog to feel calm, confident and healthy. For sleep, you need to determine the dog a place that will not be in a draft, near batteries or in a place of frequent crowding.

The dog needs rest, and it’s not at all a matter of tripping over it every now and then. Only with a good sleep can a dog with a strong, balanced psyche be raised. Walking is very important for pets. If a dog is brought out at the same time, it can easily endure at home, and all needs can be met only on the street. Walking with an adult dog is necessary at least twice a day.

In order that the dog does not get bored, does not chew on furniture and shoes, she needs toys. Toys can be of a different nature - tweeters, cords, balls, and now educational toys are very popular. One of the main points in keeping a dog is feeding.

Feed the dog is either ready-made feed, or natural food. Ready-made feed should be bought only in specialized stores, and only premium - class. But you can cook natural food yourself. In order to make the right diet, according to the age of the pet, you should consult with your veterinarian or breeder.

Alano breed price

Future buyers should be especially warned. Alano puppies - the breed is still quite unusual, so you should buy puppies only in trusted kennels, from serious breeders. With this breed - it is extremely important to choose not only physically, but also a psychologically healthy dog. Even in the most famous kennels, if desired, you can find a puppy worth 20,000-30000 rubles.

Origin

The Spanish Alano breed for several centuries. It was mentioned by King Alfonso, who ruled the territories of Castile and Lyon. The time of his reign fell in the middle of 1300 (1311-1350). The famous phrase belongs to the king: “the dog Alano bites not because he is hungry, but because he seeks to grab everything that moves.”

Once upon a time, Spain was regularly attacked by barbarians. Alan nomadic tribes became one of them. Militant and cruel, they brought along fierce dogs. Powerful animals accompanied the nomads, zealously guarding their cattle and horses. The tribes of Alan were famous not only for their militancy. These were excellent pastoralists and shepherds.

They were expelled from Spain. The tribes are gone, the dogs are left. The Spanish tribes needed them no less than the Alans. Terrible dogs turned out to be loyal, intelligent and adequately cope with their duties.

Over time, Spanish bulldogs began to be used for hunting wild boars and deer. Then, people invented the bloody entertainment known as fighting. Alano Espanyol from hunting and security has turned into a fighting dog. Representatives of the breed were used in fights with bulls. The cruel sight quickly gained popularity not only in Spain, but also in other countries. As fighters, Spanish bulldogs were used. Outside of their homeland, they gained popularity thanks to these fights.

The end of the 19th century came. Fights between dogs and bulls were banned. Cattle were grazed in a new way: in specially fenced corrals in the open air. The help of Alano Espanyolo was not required. Dogs were left out of work: they did not participate in battles, cattle did not graze. The popular breed was on the verge of extinction. It has become unprofitable for people to keep Alano dogs.

Some individuals survived in remote areas of Spain. They were kept by hunters and landowners. They played a significant role in the restoration of the breed. In the 70s of the XX century, the Spaniards came to their senses. The significant and useful breed has almost disappeared. Dog handlers - breeders rushed in search of her individuals. With great difficulty, they managed to track down the remaining representatives of alano espanol. These dogs have retained their original exterior.

Work on the restoration of the breed began to boil. The animals returned to their former exterior, with working qualities it turned out to be more difficult. Breeders had to work hard to make the Spanish Alano the same as before: balanced, with dignity, obedient and formidable.

At the end of the XX century, breeding work was completed. Dog enthusiasts managed to get the dog that Alan tribes brought to Spain several centuries ago. In 2004, the Spanish bulldog Alano was recognized by the country's national dog club. Then they developed a breed standard.

Socialization

Hispaniola is tolerant of children, but within reason. He won’t allow anything superfluous; the owners need to follow this. The pet will not bite the child, but can push it away from itself with the help of the head.
He is friends with other dogs, he does not like cats, his attitude towards rodents is neutral.

How to choose a puppy

When choosing a puppy they are guided by:

    The behavior of the baby. If he is suitable to get acquainted, sniffs an outsider, friendly wags his tail, grow up a worthy dog. Appearance. Healthy puppies have shiny eyes, a cold and wet nose. There should be no bald spots, scratches, red dots on the coat. The latter indicate the tendency of future Alano dogs to allergies.

Walking

If you look at the photo of the dog, its muscularity catches your eye. To achieve it, physical activity is required. Alan dog loves long walks, active games in the air. Dog handlers, hunters and private sector residents will appreciate the bulldog if they devote enough time to walk with it.

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