Kuril Bobtail are of two types: semi-long-haired (ПДШ / KBL) and short-haired (КШ / KBS)
WCF standard for semi-long haired breed.
|Body:||Compact, muscular, with a slightly arched back and raised croup.|
Strong, hind legs longer than front, legs round.
|Tail:||The tail should have creases and bends, one or more nodes in various combinations. The length without taking into account the coat is from 3 to 8 cm. The hair on the tail should be longer than on the rest of the body and form a pompom.|
|Large, trapezoidal shape, with smooth contours. Profile with a slight transition. Cheekbones broad, muzzle of medium length, rather broad, smooth in shape. The chin is well developed.|
|Ears:||Medium in size, wide and open at the base, set quite high, slightly tilted forward. The distance between the ears is approximately equal to the width of the ear. The tips are rounded.|
|Eyes:||Rounded, set wide and at a slight angle. Eye color should be in harmony with coat color.|
|Wool:||Medium length, with poorly developed integumentary hair, copious outer hair and weakly expressed undercoat. Collar, frill, panties, ear brushes and tassels are desirable.|
|Colors:||Any colors other than: chocolate, lilac, cinnamon, faun (including tabby, bicolor, tricolor) these colors are not recognized! Color point colors (Siamese) are prohibited.|
|Disadvantages:||The tail is from 8 to 12 cm or shorter than 3 cm. The effect of the retracted bobtail, only one caudal vertebra, the back is too bent.|
|Disqualification:||Lack of tail, short straight tail, tail length more than 12 cm.|
|Note:||Crossing with other breeds is prohibited. In the novice class, confirmation of export from the Kuril Islands is required.|
|Kurilian Bobtail||Japanese bobtail|
|The cat's head is trapezoidal, slightly round, with a full chin||The head is shaped like a triangle|
|Paws are powerful, short||Paws are long, thin|
|The overall physique is massive, squat||By physique, thin and as if elongated, lean|
In addition, the Kuril version is heavier than the Japanese and looks like a miniature lynx.
- Body: muscular and squat, the back resembles an arc. The average weight of a cat is 5-6 kilograms.
- Wool: thick, rare undercoat. There are short-haired and half-long Kurilian Bobtail. The latter are characterized by a "collar", "panties" and tassels. The color can be anything but the Abyssinian, color point, faun, cinnamon, chocolate and lilac. The most common are white, tricolor, red and gray cats, a completely black color is considered rare.
- Head: resembles a trapezoid, large, with smooth lines. The profile is also smooth, the muzzle is wide, the chin is full and rounded.
- Eyes: large, rounded and slightly narrowed from the edges. No eye color restrictionsHowever, it must be combined with coat color.
- Ears: medium, rounded, tilted forward. The distance between them is equal to the width of one eye.
- Limbs: short and powerful. The hind legs differ from the front in length, they are slightly longer. The paws are round, with five fingers on the front and four on the back. The tail is short, 3-8 centimeters, with bends and knots.
Important! The main causes of disqualification are related to the tail of the bobtail. Marriage is the absence of a tail, a short and straight tail or a tail longer than 12 cm.
Like any breed that developed on its own, Kurilian Bobtails have good health. However, it must be borne in mind that these cats appeared as a result of a mutation, which led to some problems.
So these cats are prone to:
- Inflammation of the anus.
- Bowel prolapse.
- Pathological processes in the kidneys.
Regular check-ups at the veterinarian will help to identify the problem in time and overcome it.
The life span of such a cat will be about 12-17 years.
The owners of these cats note that their pets look like dogs in character. They are very active, can execute commands and become attached to one owner. The Kuril Bobtail so often and faithfully follows the owner that it seems as if a cat is protecting a person from misfortunes.
Bobtails are very talkative. They like to meow with the owner just for fun. Kuril cat will not offend the child. This breed is so friendly that these cats will only grumble with a squeeze. In addition, they wonderfully get along with animals, and with several other cats they can build a hierarchical chain.
Once upon a time, people believed that bobtails could heal owners. Indeed, according to the reviews of the owners, smokers relieve stress and headache, stabilize the heartbeat.
Thus, the main character traits of bobtail:
Video about the breed:
Photos of Kurilian Bobtail
Bobtail wool is thick, so you need to comb it regularly. Shorthair cats will need it about once a week, but half-length cats will have to be combed out a little more often - once every 5 days.
During molting, it is recommended to use furminators. Such devices more efficiently remove dead hair, making grooming your pet's hair much easier.
Important! Furminators cannot be used if the cat has skin problems (for example, ulcers or scratches). When combing the Kurilian Bobtail with them, you should be careful, as the undercoat of this breed is weakly expressed.
On the other hand, a rare undercoat makes swimming easier: Kurilian Bobtail love water, are not afraid to soak the wool. The cat should be washed somewhere 2-3 times a year, and in the summer he himself with pleasure swims in a warm little water.
Kurilian Bobtail were previously wild cats, so they have developed a certain diet, which should be followed when feeding a pet.
So, the Kurilian Bobtail diet should include:
- Raw meat.
- Boiled offal.
- The eggs.
- Dairy products.
You can also feed the cat with high-quality dry or wet meat-based feeds. You can see the rating of feed for neutered cats in our article. The cat should always have clean water.
Care for the ears, eyes, and oral cavity.
For Kurilian Bobtail, it is important to clean your ears, eyes and teeth in a timely manner.
To clean your ears, a small cotton swab, disc or stick moistened with an antiseptic is suitable.
Important! Many owners suggest that cat ears should be cleaned with hydrogen peroxide. You can’t do this! Such manipulations can lead to the appearance of small sores and cracks in the epithelium of the auditory meatus.
Eyes can be cleaned with a damp cloth, and teeth can be cleaned with a special toothpaste and brush for cats. For lack of such, you can offer the cat dentological goodies that will not only help in the care of the teeth, but also like the pet.
Kuril Islands - street cats. They are distinguished by special activity and curiosity. In a small apartment, such cats will be uncomfortable, so you can resort to walking.
For walking you need a harness and a leash. In the cold season, the cat will warm his fur coat, however, it’s best to wear cat boots on the paws. They will have to teach a pet in advance.
In a private house, the Kuril Bobtail will be comfortable. He gladly walks around your site, and if you have a small reservoir, then he will swim in it. However, it is worth fencing the area through which your pet will not be able to climb.
|General information||Officially, a young cat breed that appeared during natural processes. The birthplace of the breed is the Kuril Islands.||Recognized as a separate breed since 1991.|
|Character||"Doggy" - become attached to the owner, give in to training||Sociable, live in nature in groups|
|Appearance||Compact, strong cats with short legs and a short tail. Powerful square body, hind legs slightly longer than front legs||There are two types of Kurilian Bobtail: short-haired, half-long-haired|
|House behavior||Active by nature, talkative, inquisitive. Get along well with children and animals. The meow of this breed is more like the twitter of birds||The breed is not suitable for living in an apartment. Private house would be the best option.|
|Care||Kuril cat will need a weekly combing (or once every five days, if the cat is half-long-haired), bathing 2-3 times a year, timely cleaning of ears, eyes, teeth|
|Health problems||May suffer from diseases of the rectum and kidneys|
How to choose a kitten?
You can take a kitten out of the family after it reaches two months. When choosing a kitten, you need to pay attention to the following parameters:
- Cleanliness in the areas of the mucous membranes, as well as the anus,
- Kitten behavior - healthy babies are active and playful,
- The general situation in the house - examine the conditions in which the kitten lived,
- The kitten’s tummy should be soft.
- The dullness of the color will go away with the cat's down, but the fur should still be smooth and silky.
Important! A healthy kitten in two months weighs about 1-1.5 kilograms.
The cost of a kitten directly depends on the nursery, parents. For a price of 5-10 thousand, you can buy a kitten without documents, for 8-10 thousand - with documents, but with marriage, inadmissibility to the exhibition. For 15-25 thousand rubles. you can find a kitten that fits all standards, and from 35 thousand kittens with titled parents begin.
The breed is widespread, so finding a kitten or couple for your cat will not be very difficult, but it is still relatively difficult.
Now you can find Kurilian Bobtail, for example, in such nurseries:
- In the historical homeland of the Kuril Islands, humidity is very high, so the fur of these cats is designed so that it almost does not get wet.
- For a long time there was debate about which country the breed belongs to: the USSR or Japan. As a result, along with the islands, the Bobtail retreated to the USSR.
- The tails of these cats have their own classification.
The Kuril Bobtail are amazing creatures, both simple and so unusual. Their friendliness wins hearts, and their funny scanty ponytails forever remain in memory.
- The tail in the form of a pompom is the hallmark of the breed, which was inherited by the "smokers" from their Japanese relatives.
- There are two varieties of Kurilian Bobtail: short-haired and long-haired.
- Despite the resemblance to wild cats, representatives of this breed are very sociable and friendly.
- The “Kuril people” show a truly doglike devotion to the members of the family in which they live. One person often becomes a favorite.
- Bobtails get along well with children and make strong friendships with them, taking an active part in even the craziest game.
- Representatives of the breed do not show discontent, being in the company of other pets, however, it is worth keeping them away from decorative rodents and birds.
- Kurilian Bobtail tend to periodically show independence and self-will, testing the patience of their master for strength.
- These animals practically do not mark the territory, which makes them ideal for keeping in an apartment.
- The breed is absolutely unpretentious in care and therefore suitable even for people with minimal experience in keeping cats.
Kurilian Bobtail - that breed which cannot be confused with another. The reasons for this are a short, as if docked, tail and a physique uncharacteristic for cats. No less remarkable is the nature of the bobtail. Calm, peaceful and friendly - this is how their owners speak of these cats. A well-developed hunting instinct is another characteristic feature of the small “lynx”, so the representatives of the breed feel great in the countryside. However, their reputation as skilled predators does not suffer in urban conditions: not a single annoying fly will escape the close attention of the bobtail!
Kurilian Bobtail breed history
The Kuril Islands (namely, the southern part of the archipelago) are the stumbling block of two powers: Japan and Russia. The ownership of these lands has been repeatedly disputed until the Kuril Islands have departed under the wing of the Russian Federation. Together with the territory, the state also gained the right to be considered the birthplace of one of the most remarkable and unique breeds in the world.
According to the point of view of most felinologists, Kurilian bobtail descended from short-tailed cats that have inhabited the archipelago since at least the 18th century. Their ancestors were supposedly wild and appeared as a result of the union of Japanese bobtail and Siberian cats. The history of the appearance of these rocks in the Kuril Islands is no less interesting.
Ancient beliefs of the Land of the Rising Sun indicate that Japanese bobtail were considered a symbol of good luck and therefore were overly patronized by local residents. In addition, these animals were of sacred origin: their ancestors were considered white temple cats, who guarded the shrines of the followers of Buddha. Some bobtail fell into the archipelago along with the Japanese as part of research or military expeditions. Often they were also used as watchmen of the imperial farms where fur animals were bred. Obeying instincts and wanting to break out of the "golden cage", many cats fled into the wild. After several generations, the Japanese bobtail acquired new features, trying to adapt to harsh living conditions: the fear of water disappeared, the claws ceased to be drawn into the paw pads, and their owners became larger.
As for the Siberian cats, they came to the Kuril Islands with immigrants. The animals easily made friends with the feral "Japanese", and as a result of this alliance a new breed arose, now known as the Kuril Bobtail.
It is worth noting that the selection of these animals did not begin immediately. Despite the relatively long-standing appearance of the breed, felinologists drew attention to it only at the end of the 20th century. Until that moment, breeders visited the Kuril Islands and left with the bobtails, mistaking them for their Japanese counterparts. Then no one imagined that adorable short-tailed creatures - something new in an already rich cat world. However, since 1991, everything has changed.
It was then that new representatives of the breed were brought from the Kuril Islands. In October, the first standard of the Kurilian Bobtail was adopted, and the Soviet felinological organization (SFO) played an important role in this. Tatyana Bocharova, observing the selection of cats, came to the conclusion that the short tail is inherited by all animals, which meant the absence of any anomalies in their development. By registering the “smokers” as an independent breed, the Siberian Federal District set itself a new task - to achieve similar recognition among European felinologists.
December 1994 was marked by a seminar at which Russian breeders put forward a proposal to finalize the Kurilian Bobtail breed standard with a view to its recognition by the international organization WCF. The official registration of short-tailed cats took place only a year later, which provoked a sudden outbreak of interest in Europeans to an unusual breed. More and more often in Italy, Germany, Poland and the Czech Republic began to hold cat shows, whose frequent guests were precisely the Kuril Bobtail. By that time, nurseries had already appeared that specialized in breeding two varieties of the breed: long and short-haired. In this case, the first category was divided into individuals with a long and half-long coat.
In 2001, the felinological association of CIS clubs at the coordination meeting further clarified the standard, but it remained unchanged. This prompted the feline organization FIFe to officially register the breed three years after this event. In 2012, the Kuril Bobtail firmly established itself in the lists of the American TICA.
The mid-90s was a turning point in the fate of the breed. From 1995 to this day, the Kuril Bobtail has “captured” more and more territories, winning the hearts of people. These cats are valued in many countries of Europe for their gentleness and good nature, but in their historical homeland, bobtails are popular mainly among hunters and fishermen, largely due to the magnificent instincts of animals. However, this breed is still not as popular as the beloved by many British, Persian or Siamese cats.
Appearance of the Kuril Bobtail
Representatives of the breed have a very contrasting appearance. Squat growth hides developed and strong muscles, which allows animals to make huge leaps. Kurilian Bobtail are distinguished by a high degree of sexual dimorphism: cats are several times superior to cats in their dimensions. So, their mass is 7.5 and 4-5 kg, respectively.
Kurilian Bobtail is a medium sized breed. The heritage of wild ancestors is equally traced in the appearance of individuals of both breed categories - long and short-haired.
The Kuril Bobtail is the owner of a rather wide and rounded muzzle. Stop is indicated only formally and practically does not catch the eye. Flat forehead goes into a straight and wide nose of medium length. His lobe is well defined. A strong chin is developed and has smooth outlines visible in profile. The cheekbones of the animal are not as low as those of their Siberian counterparts.
Medium triangles are set high and wide enough. Moreover, the distance between them corresponds to the width of the base of the ear, but in no case can be less. The tips are gently rounded. Long-haired Kurilian bobtail wear an “ornament” on them in the form of small tassels, giving the animals an even greater resemblance to a trot.
The shape is reminiscent of a nut: oval in their upper part and slightly rounded at the bottom. They are noteworthy in that they are slanted in the east, and this gives the look of the animal an exquisite mystery. The eyes are set wide enough and “lie” on the line that runs from the nose to the base of the ears. Pigmentation of the iris is predominantly yellow or green; blue is found in bicolor and white animals. In general, the standard also provides for the mismatch of eye color with the Bobtail color.
Jaws and teeth
The presence of strong jaws is determined by the lifestyle of the feral progenitors of the breed. Existing in the wild, cats were forced to independently earn their own food. Tick bite, full dentition. It consists of incisors, fangs, premolars and molars.
Not long enough, strong muscles are felt under thin skin. Due to the thick coat it seems a bit overweight.
The Kurilian Bobtail has a dense and strong body, which at any time is ready to demonstrate flexibility unexpected for the animal. Muscle does not weigh down the appearance of a cat. The body has an elongated shape. The chest is developed, the back line is distinguished by an arcuate bend. The croup of the animal is slightly raised.
The Kuril Bobtail is notable for its short and slightly curved tail, which rises above the line of the back. Its length varies between 3-8 cm, however, in long-haired individuals, it can reach 13 cm. Four species of the animal’s tail are distinguished.
- The “stump” consists of deformed and firmly connected to each other vertebrae (no more than eight). It can be straight or slightly bent down in the manner of a hook.
- "Spiral" includes 5-10 vertebrae. This type of tail is one of the most characteristic of the breed.
- The “panicle” consists of the same number of vertebrae as the “spiral”. It has a straight shape, one third of the length of the usual tail.
- The “retracted bobtail” includes 5-7 vertebrae, the line of which is twisted into an impromptu loop closer to the end of the tail. It is considered a breed defect.
The shape of the pompom is not regulated by the standard. His grooming is permissible and even preferable.
The hind legs of the bobtail are slightly longer than the front. Embossed muscles are the main reason for the phenomenal jumping of animals. Compact paws have a rounded shape, fingers tightly compressed. The claws do not retract and, when in contact with the surface, make a clattering sound, more characteristic of dogs than cats.
The type of coat “smoker” depends on its belonging to a particular breed species.
- Shorthair bobtail - owner of thin and short hair. It is permissible to increase its length on the tail, as well as on the rear and lower sides of the body of the animal.
- The long-haired bobtail, as the name implies, has long or medium-long hair. As in the case of the short-haired fellow, this Kurilian bobtail has a more elongated coat on the lower and back of the body. In addition, it is notable for its “collar”, “panties” and trot tassels at the tips of the ears.
Both varieties of the breed are distinguished by a thick undercoat.
Among the defects of the breed, the Kuril Bobtail is distinguished:
- forelegs of insufficient length,
- deep-set and / or bulging eyes,
- excessively short or long tail,
- pronounced bending of the back line,
- pointy ears
- high "fit" cheekbones,
- lack of undercoat,
- elongated torso
- narrowed head.
Disqualifying defects include:
- short tail without bends and kinks,
- tail exceeding 13 cm in length,
- undescended one or two testicles,
- mucosal erosion in the anus,
- spinal deformity,
- Amputated Claws
- lack of tail
Parenting and training
The Kuril Bobtail are the owners of a developed intellect that allows animals to understand the meaning of over a thousand words! Raising a pet is not difficult: the main thing is to correctly determine the boundaries of the permissible. Do not raise your hand at the cat, because there are other ways to tell your pet about your discontent. A strict tone is enough. This tactic also works if you want to stop the bobtail from inappropriate actions. The word "impossible" will certainly prevent undesirable consequences.
If the pet nevertheless escaped your close attention and cheated, conduct an educational conversation as soon as possible. Otherwise, the bobtail will not understand what exactly he had time to foul.
Upon reaching a certain age, “smokers” begin to check the owner for strength, making attempts to take a leading position in the house. At this stage of education, you will need the ability to adequately respond to the behavior of the animal and make it clear that you do not plan to cede leadership to the wayward fluffy friend.
The rest of the education of the Kurilian Bobtail is not difficult, especially for people with a solid character. It’s also not difficult to train pets to use the tray and scratching post as intended.
Representatives of this breed are easy to train. Their inquiring mind allows you to learn new tricks and learn the skills of their tailed counterparts. Turn the training process into an exciting game - and soon the bobtail will delight you with brilliant execution of teams!
Care and maintenance
Kurilian Bobtail does not need careful care - and this is another plus in favor of the breed. Even long-haired bobtail do not cause unnecessary inconvenience to the owners.
Since the undercoat of cats is moderately developed, the coat is almost never tangled, and the process of combing the Kuril Bobtail does not become a daily hard labor. Once or twice a week is enough. It is recommended to purchase a special brush with metal teeth or a glove with silicone growths to remove dead hair. When combing, adhere to the direction of hair growth.
Bathing for bobtail is one of the most beloved ways to spend time, but do not abuse it: the skin becomes dry, and the rest of the hair is thinned. Using special mild shampoos and conditioners will not save the situation. You should only bathe your pet if it gets dirty. Type warm water into a basin or sink, and then put a cat there. Apply shampoo to the coat, carefully distribute it over the entire body of the Kuril Bobtail and rinse. After bath procedures, the pet must be thoroughly dried. For short-haired cats, a cocoon from a towel is perfect, but a long-haired one will need a hairdryer.
From their ancestors, the Kuril bobtail inherited the inability to fully retract the claws. For this reason, they grind perfectly during the walk of the pet, and when it interacts with the clawfish. However, to get a special device for their shortening still does not interfere. Cut off only the tips, otherwise damage thin vessels.
Do not disregard your pet's eyes. They need to be washed several times a week, using a flap of clean, lint-free cloth or cotton wool moistened with a special tool (it can be purchased at a pet store). Rubbing your eyes, make hand movements from their outer corner to the inner. Bobtail ears should be examined with a similar frequency, wiping them with a cotton pad soaked in a special lotion. Otherwise, sulfur will accumulate in the ears, which in the future can lead to the development of infectious diseases.
As for oral care, it’s enough to brush your cat’s teeth once a week. Moreover, the use of "human" pastes is strictly prohibited. Get a special nozzle on your finger to greatly facilitate the procedure. Do not forget that in case of emergency you can use a regular toothbrush.
Representatives of this breed are extremely unpretentious in food, but this does not mean that you can feed your pet leftovers from the table. For a Kurilian Bobtail show class regularly participating in exhibitions, it is best to purchase premium food. For animals of the “Breed” and “Pet” categories, the usual food is suitable, combined with natural food, in particular, with boiled meat.
Do not include in the diet of the Kuril Bobtail:
- some vegetables: potatoes, beans, eggplant,
- fish (exception - low-fat marine),
- raw and fried meat,
- bakery products,
- pork and lamb
- tubular bones
- smoked meats
There should always be filtered fresh water in the pet's bowl.
How much does a Kuril bobtail
As with the rest of the breeds, the ideal place to purchase Kurilian Bobtail is nurseries that specialize in breeding this breed. The price of a charming baby starts at 8,000 rubles, the upper bar is limited to an amount of 20,000 - 25,000 rubles. In general, the cost of a bobtail is determined by the prestige of the nursery, the presence of a noble pedigree and the class of a kitten (show, brid or pet).
It is worth noting that this breed also has a fourth class - “newbie”. It is made up of individuals brought directly from the Kuril Islands. The origin of these animals is unknown, but if you are unprincipled to become the owner of a pet with noble ancestors, go for it! In any case, the Kuril Bobtail will become a devoted friend and companion.
Kurilian Bobtail - short-tailed, with a "pompom tail", cats. Not afraid of water and low temperatures, excellent anglers. Among fans are called "kurboby".
They are friendly, very curious (sometimes too much), very active, show dog habits - they go out to get to know the guests, sniff them, run after the toy, bring it, like to walk. Among other breeds, they are especially distinguished by their intelligence and high intelligence. Cat lovers and veterinarians know that cats of various breeds, on which for one reason or another put on cufflinks or plastic caps on their heads, do everything possible to get rid of these things - they try to dump them, strip them with claws, etc. Only bobtail do nothing of the kind and patiently endure all the above deprivations, as if they understand that cufflinks and caps are necessary and worn on the body in their own interests. Another point known to “bobtailists” is the interesting behavior of pets during treatment, for example, dressings. To the same extent that the bobtail is patient and quiet, if the owners do the dressing, he is wild and frantic when the veterinarians work with him. There is a known case when a one-year-old bobtail cat weighing only 4 kg had to be given general anesthesia, in order to keep her on the operating table and inject a syringe, it took 8 people, as if it was a tigress or at least a lynx. Moreover, all the assistants were scratched and bitten. Another thing is the owners, Bobtail loyal to them, as a rule, choose one or two. Kurilian bobtail are distinguished by the fact that they are constantly near some of the owners, like dogs, and often impose their communication to the point that they begin to annoy the owners. For example, these cats like to walk on a piece of paper on which they write with a pen, and knock this pen out of the owner's hand to play with it. They love to climb on a computer keyboard when the owner is working on it, and, accordingly, sometimes create considerable interference. And all this to caress with the owner. However, I must say that affectionate Kurilian bobtail only in those cases if they want to caress themselves. If this desire comes from the owner, you should not expect an adequate answer from Kurbob. Kuril bobtail do not like to sit on their hands - as a rule, they begin to meow and break out loudly. Apparently, a long life in the wild affects. Another “atavism” left from wild life is an indefatigable desire to hunt everyone and everything, starting with the owners (fortunately, here the attacks are usually harmless, purely playful, without releasing claws). But keeping other animals in the apartment is not recommended: the Bobtail will sooner or later get to them. The fate of the hamster, white rat, parrot and aquarium fish will be very sad.In fights with dogs, bobtails are brave, though often it doesn’t reach the fights themselves, everything is limited to a confrontation in which the bobtail creates such a “voltaic arc” that the dog does not withstand and retreats. An exception is dogs of fighting breeds, in fights with which, as a rule, not a single domestic cat has a chance. Bobtails are very "talkative" - much more than cats of other breeds. The sounds they make are very diverse, from the squeak and the amazing “bleating” that looks like a goat to the “meow” with the distinctive letter “m,” to the real growl if the animal is annoyed. In fact, kurbobs are the only domestic cats that can growl.