Order: Perciformes (Perciformes)
Family: Labyrinths, or Anabasis (Anabantidae)
It is inhabited by the Indochina and Malacca Peninsula, the islands of Kalimantan, Sumatra and Java. They are kept in streams rich in vegetation, small rivers, ditches, as well as in marshy ponds of lowlands and mountainous places.
The body is elongated, slimmer, almost round in cross section. The dorsal fin is short, Anal fin is long, can be with an elongated end. The first rays of the ventral fin are elongated.
Fish breathe atmospheric air through the gill maze.
It can be kept in a general aquarium, which must be closed from above so that warm air is above the surface of the water, as otherwise, the fish, catching cold air, may catch a cold. Thickets of plants and driftwood will provide females with shelter from the pursuit of males, which are also pugnacious among themselves.
Water: 24-26 ° C, dH 4-15 °, pH 6-7.5.
Feed: lively, substitutes.
Paired spawning both in general and in the spawning aquarium. In one group of fish, the male builds a nest of foam on the surface of the water, under which spawning occurs, then he looks after and protects the eggs and larvae from other fish.
Spawning aquarium with a length of 25 cm for a couple, without soil, with a dark substrate, several to the mouths of plants for the female and floating plants. A pair is kept separately before landing for spawning for a week. First, the male is planted, then after a few hours the female with a swollen belly.
The temperature of the water is raised by 2-3 ° C. After spawning, the female removes m, and the male - when the fry swim. The incubation period is 1-2 days, the fry swim after 1-5 days. The water level is reduced to 5 cm or the fry are transferred to a growth aquarium with the same water level, which is then increased as the fry grow.
Starter feed: live dust.
In another group of fish, the male incubates in the mouth. Spawning aquarium with fine soil, in places thickets and floating plants, it is possible with a cave. The pair forms a territory, protecting it from other fish in a common aquarium. Spawning is usually over a free, shaded area of soil. The male incubates caviar in the mouth, hiding in a shelter. In the general aquarium, the female protects the territory, in the spawning area it can be removed. The fry swim out after 9-12 days.
Starting feed: small nauplii of cyclops, brine shrimp.
Cockerel, or Fighting fish: keeping and breeding fish.
Photo: Betta splendens
Photo: Betta splendens
It lives in the reservoirs of Cambodia, Thailand.
The male is colored much brighter, has elongated dorsal, anal and caudal fins.
The fish got its name because of the natural pugnacity of males, which they use in their homeland, arranging fish fights. Fishes of this family have a special organ for breathing atmospheric air, thanks to which the species can live in water with a minimum amount of oxygen. The aquarium for maintenance may be a small, densely planted plant. It is better to keep only one pair in the aquarium, as the males are aggressive, but only to their counterparts.
Fish are unpretentious to feed.
Water for maintenance: dH up to 15 °, pH 6.0-7.5, t 22-24 ° C. During pre-spawning preparation of males and females, it is better to keep separately, plentifully feed live food.
Breeding water: dH up to 8 °, pH 6.5-7.0, t 26-28 ° C.
We need a spawning plant of 3-5 l or more with a bunch of plants and shelter for the female and a small amount of floating plants used by the male to build the nest. The male builds a foamy nest on the surface, fastening it with saliva. During spawning, the male and female collect the falling eggs and release it into the nest. After spawning, the female must be removed. Larvae hatch after about a day, after another 3 days the fry begin to swim and take food. At this time, the male is removed from the spawning ground. It is better to lower the water level.
Starter feed - rotifers, artemia, then a chopped tubule.
The female tosses 500 eggs. Growing juveniles requires regular water changes.
There are many color variations of the cockerels - from the most common red and blue to the much less common black and white.
Since it is better to have one male in the aquarium, the lovers of the males worked an interesting way of keeping them: I put pairs of fish in a screen, divided by transparent partitions into compartments, and each compartment contains a pair of different colors. Opponents cannot harm each other, but they constantly take menacing poses in which they appear in all their glory.
Siamese cockerel is found in Southeast Asia in the territory of modern countries of Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. However, their breeding forms, which are bred everywhere in many countries of the world, both professional breeders and individual aquarists, gained the greatest popularity.
This species prefers slowly moving sections of water with dense vegetation; they live in floodplains of large and medium rivers, canals and flooded rice fields. Their natural diet consists of small crustaceans, insects, as well as plants and algae.
The diet should contain a significant amount of protein products - live or freeze-dried food, with the addition of herbal supplements. Bloodworms, insect larvae, daphnia, artemia, and other similar products can be served in the home aquarium. Plants and algae in the aquarium, which grow especially well on wooden objects, can become a source of plant food. There are feeds designed specifically for Fighting fish that contain all the necessary trace elements and vitamins. Feed once or twice daily.
Maintenance and care
This view is an excellent choice for beginner aquarists and for those who do not want to install large aquariums at home. One fish can successfully live in a small tank of no more than 10 liters or even less. The "labyrinth organ" will allow you to adapt to periodic changes in the concentration of oxygen in water, which is often observed in small aquariums. Any aquarium should be covered to prevent accidental jumping out of the fish. The minimum set of equipment consists of a filter, aerator, heater and lighting system. In small tanks it is recommended to use filters that combine the functions of an aerator.
In the design, you should use strong plants with a powerful root system, arranged in groups to leave free space for swimming. The presence of shelters (driftwood, grottoes, etc.) is a prerequisite if more than one fish lives in the aquarium. The substrate is any dark, the particle size of the soil does not matter only for rooting plants.
The name "fighting fish" is due to the special behavior between males. They arrange fierce battles, but at the same time they are not devoid of nobility. During the fight, when one of the opponents needs to rise to the surface to swallow air, the opponent does not attack him, but suspends the fight. If there is another male nearby, he will patiently wait for the end of the fight to fight the winner without joining any of the warring parties. Females are less aggressive, but also have an internal hierarchy, so shelter is needed for weaker individuals.
Joint maintenance in one aquarium of two or more males is not allowed, the male can live either alone or in the company of females.
Such behavior significantly reduces the options for sharing other species of fish. Since the male will attack anyone who at least slightly reminds him of an opponent, so the neighbors should look the opposite both in color and in size and shape of the fins. Bright fish can be attacked by mistake. The optimal combination is achieved, for example, with Cardinal tetras, Neons and other tetras, as well as with catfish.
Breeding / breeding
Creating favorable conditions for spawning is quite simple, however, breeding at home is complicated by the fact that fry of artificial morphological species are extremely susceptible to infections, which makes breeding inappropriate. In addition, due to the similarity of females to males, during spawning, they can be subjected to aggression from a partner who, by mistake, can mistake them for an opponent, with all the ensuing consequences.
For the first time, the existence of Siamese cockerels became known around 1800. Siam residents noticed small fish that were distinguished by very aggressive character traits, constantly bullying each other. And since there were few entertainments at that time, they began to use them for fun - fish fights. Initially, the individuals had shorter fins and an unremarkable brownish body. Ancient breeders, crossing wild organisms, selected the best fish fighters suitable for holding spectacular fights that were popular at that time. They called this breed “Poster” (Pla Kat), which means fish that bites.
Since the end of 1840, the fish begins to explore Europe, thanks to the King of Siam, who gave several collectibles to Dr. Theodore Cantor from Bangkok. After 9 years, Dr. Cantor, improving the characterological features of the fish obtained, assigned them the Latin name Macropodus pugnax.
In Paris, the Siamese appeared in 1892, in Germany - four years later. Then, in 1910, Siamese fighters enter San Francisco, USA. It was in America that Locke received the breeding variety Betta cambodia, the length of which is within 5 cm. Then he also developed a new color variety of the Betta splendens fighting fish, the color of which varied from gray to light olive, with dark stripes, the arrangement of which is vertical or horizontal, depended on the mood of the fish. The body is covered with cycloid scales, fins are short, rounded in shape. The abundance of various color and veil variations have gained immense fame among professional aquarists and amateurs.
Externally, the Siamese is similar to the usual macropod, but exceeds it in terms of colorfulness and unusual color. A variety of colors play on the surface of their bodies, depending on the degree of illumination - pink, blue, green, yellow or red highlights shimmer and play like the northern lights.
The males acquire the greatest brightness during the breeding season or when dueling with other males. Female males look much more modest compared to males, equipped with small fins.
In recent years, breeders have pleased the appearance of females as attractive as males with longer fins.
Passing along the body, markedly marked stripes of a dark shade, characteristic of males of Siamese males, they are barely visible, and in excellent specimens completely indistinguishable.
Take care in advance of a decent arrangement for a future home. In nature, these Asian fish live in rice fields. Therefore, the capacity should not be too deep, but at the same time spacious. The optimal volume of the aquarium for a cockerel is 25+ liters.
Pay attention to accessories and scenery:
Thermostat. Caring for the fish “Siamese cock” means heating the water to 25-27ºС. If your room is cool, the heating element is literally necessary, otherwise the pet may freeze,
Filter. This is the usual component device with which every aquarium is equipped. Make sure that the filter power is optimal for the selected breed. The cockerel is a fragile creature, therefore, many connoisseurs advise to give preference to sponge filters with protection from damage to the fins,
Water quality. Any fish owner knows that the quality of the water should be at its best. Fighting fish are capricious creatures, and their fins can be damaged even by the inadequate quality of the environment,
Stones and decorations. Choose aquarium “furniture” with smooth outlines, without sharp corners and protrusions,
Plants. Avoid artificial jewelry made of hard plastic to protect the fish from mechanical damage,
Mirrors They can provoke an increase in the brightness of the color of the fish, since the reflection will be regarded as the appearance of an opponent. However, one must be careful: such manipulations can lead the pet to stress,
Living flora will be your best bet. Males prefer large leaves for sleeping, and living plants nourish water with oxygen, preserving its beneficial qualities for a long period.
Equip your tank with dividing walls if you plan to have two males. Females can live together in small groups - up to five representatives. A female and a male cockerel can also show you their fighting abilities on each other, so study in advance all the subtleties and aspects of breed breeding.
￼ Technically, the reproduction of males is not difficult. But since many forms and colors of the cockerel are derived, you need to carefully approach the selection of pairs. With colors it is more or less simple - the marble color dominates, the red color and the color Cambodia also dominate. Purely black males with a joint breeding are barren. It is more complicated with the forms - do not cross short-tailed and long-tailed individuals, crown-tailed cockerels and veils, veils and halfmoons, deltas and crown-tails.
In general, it is better to breed males of the same form between themselves, otherwise it will turn out to be something mixed in the middle, such males look unattractive, so it's better to respect the work of the breeder. It is very important not to breed those males that are overly aggressive and kill females in spawning and poorly care for caviar. If a male cockerel eats caviar over and over instead of caring for it, you should not plant it and grow fry yourself, because this means that his instinctive parental behavior is violated and his descendants may inherit this violation. Do not breed fish with behavioral problems. Pairs need to be selected by color, fin shape and correct behavior.
A pair of fish is planted for spawning in a separate aquarium with a volume of 20 liters with shelters and a bunch of floating plants such as a nyass or hornwort for sheltering a female. Also need a heater. The water should be half fresh, half from the aquarium with the cockerels, preferably half the almond leaf. The female and the male are kept separate before spawning and fed with live food for two weeks, the age of the males at the time of spawning should be at least 6 months, the abdomen swollen from the eggs should be visually visible.
In spawning, fish are not fed. The male usually immediately builds a foamy nest (from air bubbles and saliva) on the surface of the water or under the almond leaf and invites the female to the nest. The spawning is colorful - the cock inflates the gills and spreads all the fins, flaunting in front of the female, then he hugs her fins and bends, squeezes her eggs from her, simultaneously fertilizing her (males with especially magnificent fins can sometimes not do this), after which the pale female slowly falls to the bottom, and the male collects eggs and places it in the nest. White caviar.
After spawning, the female must be planted, otherwise she can eat caviar. The male takes care of the caviar and nest, corrects it, removes the spoiled eggs and a day later transparent larvae hatch from the caviar with a large yolk sac.When in a couple of days the larvae turn dark (or if the parents are light, then the larvae are also light) and switch to horizontal melt, the male needs to be planted, turn on the compressor and start feeding the males. Adjustable infusoria — the shoe — is best suited for this, after 3 to 5 days they switch to feeding Artemia nuplia, they are easy to remove at home. At this point, you can already replace the water, carefully changing it with a narrow hose, trying not to suck the fry there.
Top up water must be of the same chemical parameters and temperature. After 2 weeks, you can add a microworm, later microplankton, Grindal worm and cut tubule. In a month and a half, you can give finely divided dry food, and then small bloodworms. The fry grow quickly, if they are not sorted, they themselves destroy the small and weak. On dry feeds and feeds such as boiled egg yolk, it is more difficult to raise fry, as water spoils quickly from such feeds, and fry are more willing to eat live feeds. As soon as it becomes possible to separate the males from the females, they are seated, the females can be raised in one large aquarium, but the males need to be seated in separate glasses with lids. It is better to feed the males in such tanks with a bloodworm, replace the water daily with 50% of the volume for fresh of the same parameters and temperature.
Cockerel Fish Compatibility
Betts are lively and cocky pets who find it difficult to get along even with their own kind. The male can never calmly transfer the existence of another - constant fights will begin. However, this does not mean that these fighting fish must live alone. Other residents of the spacious aquarium will help to recreate the animal’s natural habitat and improve their well-being.
It is very important to choose the right neighbors with whom the cockerel fish can easily get along. Species whose representatives are quite peaceful and do not have large (more than 5 cm) body sizes are well compatible with bats. These include guppies, swordsmen, neons, gourami, cardinals and speckled catfish.
You should not pinch fins, such as dwarf tetradons, to the cockerels of amateur fish. However, the Bats themselves do not mind biting the "robe" of competitors in beauty. Aquarium males sometimes take veil fish of other species as representatives of their own, so they rush to the attack.
Also, do not keep the cockerels together with large predators. Cichlids, astronotuses, polypteruses - all of them often take small fish for food, and a small cockerel with its large fins will become the subject of aggression in the first place.
It is best to place fish from a young age in the aquarium. In this case, they will be able to get used to each other, there will be much less fights and hassles. If the neighbor of the fighting fish dies, do not sooner settle another fish - the betta may score it.
Two or three females can be divided to one male aquarium cock, so that he feels calmer. Make sure there is enough room for shelter for the Batt girls in their home. The fish will feel at ease in the spacious tank (over 50 liters). If there are a lot of scenery and plants in the aquarium, then there will not be a territorial showdown between its inhabitants.
￼ It’s easy to pick up food for a cockerel; these fish have a good appetite. If the cockerels are kept in large aquariums, any full-feed fish food, or special food for the cockerels, is suitable. Foods such as Tetra Min, Tetra rubin, Sera san, Tetra Betta are suitable. Also, males eat frozen food well - small and medium bloodworms, coronet, daphnia, mine. Chopped seafood is also suitable for them - shrimp, mussels, squid. Wild males do not always eat well industrial feeds and it is good to feed them live feeds - daphnia, bloodworms, corvettes and tubule makers.
If the cockerel lives in a small aquarium, then it can be fed with a live bloodworm, so it’s easier to maintain cleanliness in the aquarium. For weakened fish, it is also bloodworms due to its brightness and mobility that is the ideal food. Despite the fact that live food is best for males, feeding them is not easy. First of all, in order to prevent fish from becoming infected with parasites and not to poison them, you need to buy such food only from trusted sellers, it is important to bring food to the house, keeping them alive, not to freeze and not overheat. At home they need to be washed and stored in special ditches with daily changing water in the refrigerator. If it is impossible to provide all these conditions, then it is better to give preference to frozen feed, not forgetting that during transportation they should not thaw.
How many live (disease prevention)
Cockerel fish live relatively short time - 2-4 years. In order for your pet to feel good and look beautiful, you need to pay attention to how the fish feels. Diseases can significantly shorten the life of a betta, therefore it is necessary to regularly prevent the disease, and with the first symptoms of malaise noticed, immediately start treatment.
To reduce the chance of getting a fish, you need to keep your aquarium clean. It is also worth monitoring the quality of live food. In no case do not throw it into the aquarium with the water in which it was contained. Perform feed processing. For the prevention of diseases, it is recommended to regularly give vitamins to aquarium males.
It’s easy enough to notice that Betta is sick. Sick cockerels are less active, swim languidly, try to hide. Also pay attention to their fins: sound the alarm if there are holes on them or if the animal presses them to the body. Symptoms of some diseases are protruding flakes, spots on the body, breathing problems, and a swollen body.
If these signs are found in the fish, it is urgent to isolate it and begin treatment.
About the cockerels
Natural habitat - standing overgrown ponds located among tropical forests, determined the presence of an additional respiratory organ - a labyrinth. The plates in the suprajugular cavity are designed for breathing in atmospheric air, since the fish dissolved in water does not have enough for life support.
The body of the cock is oblong in shape, 4-6 cm long, elongated and flattened from the sides. Individual individuals grow up to 8–10 cm. The mouth of the fighting fish is bent upward, the scales are firmly pressed to the skin. Magnificent fins of various shapes and sizes give an original look to the males. On the chest they are peaked, on the back, tail - rounded, spear-shaped, lacerated, etc. Males are larger and brighter than females. Color intensity increases during spawning.
In the natural environment, Betta fish are not distinguished by a variety of colors. The basic tones of the body and fins are brown, green, olive.
Aquarium species, bred artificially, are both monophonic (white, black, blue, red), and multicolor. In bright light in a moving cock, the scales flicker and shimmer, changing colors.
Thanks to the achievements of breeders, an inconspicuous outwardly, wild fish has become an ornament of home reservoirs around the world.
Thai cockerels were originally tamed for fish battles due to a demonstration of rebellious aggressive temper. As a result of the artificial breeding of new breeds, fighting fish have not lost their harsh character, so it is difficult to get along with veil and brightly colored species of ornamental fish. Intraspecific content is limited to one male and 1-2 females.
The rooster does not tolerate rivals, fights to the last for the female or territory. Even alone, the male lifts up after seeing his reflection in a glass or mirror. The latter is temporarily placed in the aquarium by the owners to raise the tone of the fish. Females are more peaceful, but with a lack of living space, they show aggression by fluffing their fins, spreading gill covers.
The Fish website in the Bank encourages you not to arrange battles between fish, but to value the health and comfort of pets!
This species is briefly indicated by the letter "delta". The roosters have a rigid tail setting, and its extreme segments form an angle of 130 °. If the angle is in the range 130–180 °, we are talking about the form of superdelta males.
The cockerel stands out for its size (up to 7.5 cm long), brightness of coloring, short fins on a large body. The second name is royal.
Depending on the variety, fighting fish are one-color, two-color, and multi-color. In the aquarium you can see a pet with a marbled color, with a “mask” or “butterfly”.
This type requires carotenoids as part of the feed to maintain the bright color of the scales. Despite the characteristic smoothness and measured movements, the cockerel is aggressive, does not get along well with other breeds, males of its own species.
Smaragdovy with a green body
Blue iridescent blots stand out on it. The ventral fin is red with a white edging, the rest are multicolor. The cockerel does not belong to breeding breeds, lives in Asian natural reservoirs.
The Betta fish got this name due to the translucent fins on the body of a uniform color.
Among monochromatic males, breeding forms of white, orange, gold, violet, and blue are found.
Cockerels from other ornamental fish are distinguished by a variety of shapes, the brightness of colors.
Separately from other classifications there is a large-eared cockerel. The name speaks for itself. Distinctive characteristics of the fish - a large mouth, a relatively short tail.
How to choose
In the case of planning independent breeding of males, it is better to directly purchase from breeders to be sure of the genetics of the breed. If pets are bought to monitor their behavior, then a pet store will do.
Private, network pet stores, and online stores offer fighting males. If they decide to buy pets from the manufacturer, they first collect information about him, read reviews. The duration of the cultivation of males matters. A novice breeder should prefer an experienced one who has been presenting his products on the market for several years.
The most unattractive externally specimens with undermined health are offered by retail outlets. Private shops, in order to win the competition, order live goods from the best manufacturers, can tell the age of the purchased pets.
A large role in the selection of males is played by the conditions of detention. It is recommended to buy decorative fish in those places where they are kept in spacious heated aquariums, and not in cramped cold vases. Pay attention to the purity of the water. If the liquid is cloudy, the purchase is put off or go to another pet store.
Discard males with uncharacteristic external characteristics and behavior. Invalid:
- faded color
- muddy and very bulging eyes,
- uneven torn edges of the fins,
- growths, cones, parts of the body without scales, violation of the integrity of the skin,
- sunken belly
- lack of activity.
The listed signs are symptoms of illnesses, due to which the cockerel can die itself, and if quarantine is not respected, bring the infection into the general aquarium.
When a person approaches, a healthy cockerel swims faster. Sometimes the fish get tired of an endless series of visitors and do not respond properly. In any case, active males move, eat the offered food with appetite, and do not lie blankly at the bottom.
Select specimens with a bright eye-catching color, clean, tight-fitting scales. If the fish changed color to a paler, not established by the breed standards, then it is sick or old. The survival rate in another aquarium depends on the age of the Siamese cockerel. The younger the specimen, the faster it assimilates in a new place. Young fish have smaller body sizes, fins.
You can distinguish a male from a female when choosing starting from 3 months of age. Eyeing the ventral fin. In females it is wider and rounded, in males it is long, thin. Another distinguishing feature of the female is the presence of an ovipositor (white tubercle) near the anus.
Sexual differences are noticeable in the structure of the body (males are longer, females are stockier) and in behavior - the male is more active and aggressive.
The breeding species of the Siamese cockerel can, first of all, be divided by color into:
- Multicolor (multicolor). Usually the body is the same color, and the fins shimmer in many shades.
The basic classification of artificially created species is based on a variety of body shapes and fin sizes.
Veiled or veiled tail cock (Betta Splendens VT) - the very first artificially bred type, which served as the basis for further breeding work. The body color is diverse. It has a beautiful and large tail in the form of a veil.
The crescent cockerel has a large tail, the extreme plumage of which form a semicircle. The remaining fins are also plentiful, large, veiled in shape. Color is usually bicolor. There are several types of Betta splendens HM:
- Semisun (Betta Splendens CTHM) was obtained by hybridization of the usual crescent and crown tail.
- Feathertail - tail in the form of a bunch of bright feathers.
- Rose Tail (Betta Splendens RT) - the tail is intertwined, forming as if rose petals.
This variety is also called royal or giant cockerel due to its large size, up to 8 cm. There are several types of them:
- poster giants
- veil giants.
Dragon fighting fish is not distinguished by the shape of the fins, their size is not important. This individual has a powerful massive body with stiff chain mail of a bright, often bicolor, color. For example, scarlet with white or graphite with turquoise.
The strikingly beautiful look of the aquarium cock sharply discord with its fighting character. It is difficult to assume that such a gentle creature resembling a water angel is able to fight with its brothers for hours.
Males come into conflict with each other instantly and for any reason - because of the female, food, rivers. For this reason, it is not worth populating two male specimens of the cockerel in the aquarium.
Females are much calmer and usually friendly to each other. But it is far from always possible to predict their burrows.
The best combination for one pond is one male and a pair of females.
Not in the best way, the male cockerel applies to other inhabitants of the aquarium. Therefore, he must select his neighbors extremely carefully.
Militant temperament requires battle, even if there is no opponent nearby. Some of the most aggressive specimens can struggle for hours with their reflection in the glass of the aquarium. But it is necessary to populate the reservoir with other fish, some of the species make the character of the betta much more peaceful and have a beneficial effect on the situation in the home reservoir. It's all about the right neighborhood.
Aquarium content of Siamese cockerel
Cockerel fish is very simple to maintain and care, if you follow the basic requirements.
Betta is a tropical inhabitant, so the water in an artificial pond should be warmed up not lower than + 24 ... + 28 ° C.
Fighting fish love soft water, its hardness should be in the range of 5-15 ° dH. Therefore, before pouring it into a pond, the liquid must be defended for at least a couple of days and heated. It needs to be updated by changing 1/3 of the weekly. For large aquariums - once every 3 days. The optimum pH value is 6-8.
The minimum size of the aquarium for one pair is 5 liters.
It is better to clean the remains of food daily. Regularly, at least once a month, conduct thorough cleaning without the use of chemicals.
Algae and plaque are best removed from the walls and decorative elements with a soft sponge. In this case, the fish should be set off using the net.
Filters can be used any, both internal, and portable. They should be washed as they become dirty, preferably at least once a month.
A couple of times a year you need to organize a general cleaning in your home pond with a full wash of soil, plants, filters.
The Siamese cockerel belongs to labyrinth fishes; it needs free access of air. Therefore, care must be taken to ensure that no film forms on the surface of the water. Also, excessively overgrown plants should be removed.
Fighting fish is an active inhabitant of the reservoir, capable of jumping high and even falling out of the reservoir, it is better to cover it with a special lid or net.
Mr. Tail recommends: greenery and decor
It is much easier to decorate your home pond with artificial plants, but natural aquatic ones are still necessary for a normal biosystem. In addition, fighting fish like to nest in them when the time comes for spawning.
Unpretentious higher plants can be planted in the ground - elodea, hornwort, wallisneria, Thai fern or water cabbage. At the bottom, pour calcined river sand or boiled fine pebbles.
When arranging an artificial reservoir for fighting fish, it is advisable to try to completely recreate the natural environment. To do this, the aquarium is decorated with grottoes, snags, beautiful stones, coconut halves.
A gap under the lid is necessary, an air gap of 5-10 cm should be left to the surface of the water so that the males can breathe using the labyrinth organ. Protection at the same time protects the betta from jumping, and in addition, helps to save air.
In order to regulate the illumination in the aquarium, lamps with a warm spectrum should be placed. Long daylight hours for males are needed.
Fighting fish love to be stroked and are happy to allow it. But you should be careful not to remove the special mucous protective film when touching the scales; it protects the cockerels from many diseases.
Do not be scared if the cockerels are at the bottom of the pond, they thus rest. Of course, such periods should not be long.
Betts are active inhabitants of the aquarium, and if they behave strangely, do not bully, swim passively, sideways or turn upside down, they must sound the alarm and treat the pets.
Disease and Prevention
The lifespan of Siamese males is not too long - 3-4 years. But illness can significantly shorten the life of beautiful pets. Care should be taken to monitor their health status, carry out preventive measures in time, and treat them in a timely manner.
Prevention of fish diseases is to maintain a clean and balanced biological system. The quality of food is also very important. If this is live food, then it must be thoroughly washed under running water before being lowered into the aquarium.
A good prevention of cockerel disease is regular vitamin top dressing.
In addition to strange behavior, bloating and general lethargy, an alarming symptom is damage to the fins and scales. With some diseases, real holes appear on them.
It is also necessary to sound the alarm if the scales are unnaturally protruded or the fins are constantly pressed. In case of manifestation of any dysfunctional symptoms, the diseased fish should be put off and intensive therapy should begin.
The most common pathology affecting the cockerels is the occurrence of fin rot. It is caused by a bacterial lesion. The ailment can be entered into the reservoir along with the filler bottom, live food or infected fish. The fins sag anxiously and appear to be burnt along the fringing line.
If there is no timely treatment, the cockerel can completely lose its chic plumage.
Cases of defeat of fighting fish and other pathologies are known, for example, dropsy, tuberculosis, oodiniosis, ichthyophthyroidism, fungus.
To breed Siamese cockerels, you will initially need a pair of heterosexual fish purchased from experienced breeders. It is better to dwell on a known form with well-established features, a well-known pedigree. A pair for acquaintance and elimination of aggression towards each other is placed in a 40-liter aquarium with a glass partition, which is then removed.
To create suitable conditions, they purchase a water heater (optimal spawning temperature + 27 ° C), a lamp, a filter, which are turned off immediately after the offspring appear. Plant duckweed, pine. Soil is not needed, because eggs are lost in it.
14 days before spawning, the males are fed live food. The female is ready for breeding when the abdomen is noticeably rounded off from the formed eggs, regardless of feeding. The male in the mating season changes color to brighter, begins to prepare a foam nest, using duckweed floating on the surface.
Survival with other aquarium inhabitants
A male cockerel with a pair of females is not bad at getting along with viviparous animals - guppies, swordsmen, and mollies. It is also advisable to hook fast-moving schooling fish to them - barbs, neons, parsing, thorns.
You should not equip a common reservoir with slow inhabitants, for example, with goldfish, scalars.
Categorically it is impossible to settle along with the bats of aggressive fish, such as piranhas, astronotuses, tetraodons, cichlids.
Somics and males are well compatible, they simply will not pay attention to each other. But the snails and shrimp Betta quickly eat.
All fish - males and their future neighbors - it is desirable to settle in the aquarium together and at a fairly young age. Then they are more likely to get along.
For all their cockiness, the males endure the death of their neighbors. If this happens, you should not immediately launch a new fish, Betta may drive her out of grief.
In any case, when sharing neighbors with Siamese cockerels, one should carefully monitor their behavior. The main thing is to immediately plant the victims.
After 1-2 days, the fry begin to hatch. Until they “eat” their yolk sac to the end, there is no need to feed them.
With the appearance of the first children of the male, in order to avoid their eating, it is necessary to set them off. The amount of water is reduced by another 5-7 cm, aeration is set to the maximum. This is necessary for the entire period of formation of the labyrinth mechanism in the offspring - 1-1.5 months.
Then young males can already breathe atmospheric air, so the water level is gradually increased, and its saturation with oxygen is reduced by aeration.
Top dressing begins with live, but thoroughly washed feed - bloodworms, infusoria, nauplii artemia. You can gradually add boiled egg yolk to the diet.
Growth rates in fry are different. Larger individuals should be gradually planted to prevent cannibalism.
Siamese cockerel hatched exclusively as a fighting fish. Very high money rates were made for these fights. Officially, this is now prohibited in all parts of the world.
The male Betta is able to fight for long hours, and not only with a live opponent, but also with its reflection.
Courtships in a pair are manifested as follows: the male individual inflates the fins and gills and actively wriggles, and the female produces translational movements back and forth.