The breed of Moscow guard dogs is relatively young, obtained by triple interbreeding in the Soviet Kennel Kennel by the beginning of the 50s of the last century. After the Second World War, when there were catastrophically few dogs, due to their death in a difficult time for the country, the military units of the Soviet Union felt the need to increase the number of dogs for military service. Then, by decree of the Ministry of Defense of the Soviet Union at the Central School of Military Dog Breeding in the Krasnaya Zvezda pedigree kennel, which was located in Veshnyaki near Moscow, now included in the city, its head was Nikolai Ivanovich Bortnikov, under the guidance of professor biologist N. A. Ilyin and Major General G.P. Medvedev went to work on a new breed.
At the location of the nursery, which owns the authorship of the breed, it was given the name - Moscow Watchdog. The purpose of creating a new breed was to obtain the same type of livestock of dogs suitable for military service and unpretentious: large, powerful physique, hardy, easily trained, with a balanced psyche, active enough, suitable for carrying out guard and guard services, resistant to climatic phenomena, good health. The tribal work on the formation of the Moscow watch population was carried out by close inbreeding (closely related crossbreeding) to a specific representative, which was due to the limited number of breeding stock and the meager selection of the individuals most suitable for the project objectives - they worked with what was. For breeding Moscow watchdogs they used Saint Bernards, Russian pinto hounds, Caucasian shepherd dogs and their mestizos.
The first representatives of the breed, as a result of the done works, Moscow watchdogs demonstrated in 1950 at the Moscow exhibition in the amount of 6 individuals. For some time, the creators puzzled over the exterior of the new breed, which was supposed to be different from all the others and be recognizable: ears and tails were stopped by the Moscow watchman, but in the end they rejected this idea, having accepted the color and physique of the livestock as a sufficient distinction. The first official representative and ancestor of the breed was a promising male with a spectacular appearance named Orslan, who is actively working in the breeding program to improve the livestock, he left many of his descendants.
In 1958, the first standard of the Moscow watchdog was drawn up, which lasted until 1985. Only on 04/17/92. The Federation of Service Dog Breeding of Russia created a new Federation, approved with slight differences in 1997 by the Russian Kennel Federation and adopted by the Department of Livestock and Breeding of the Ministry of Agriculture and Food of the Russian Federation. The breed still has not received recognized status in the International Kennel Association (FCI).
Today, the number of Moscow watchdogs is small, developed and maintained thanks to true enthusiasts-breeds. Representatives of the breed are not in the public service.
Description of the exterior (exterior data):
Moscow watchdogs - powerful long-haired tall dogs with a few body rectangular format and well muscled body. Harmonious unhurried movements.
The head is large, the stop is distinctly expressed. Expressive oval eyes are not too big. A big nose. Thick full lips. The teeth are large, the jaws are wide. Triangular drooping ears, not too big.
The chest is voluminous. The back is even, moderately tightened belly. A powerful tail in a relaxed state directly hangs down. The limbs are smooth, parallel, broad-boned. Metacarpus oval.
The coat is long with thick rich undercoat and long hairs on the neck, tail, and limbs. Males have a more voluminous mane than females.
Color: reddish-piebald of various shades, spotted. The presence of white is on the chest, up to half the legs, as well as on the tail in the form of a brush. Speckles and black mask give advantages in color by comparison.
The growth of males, ideally from 77-78 cm at the withers, weight from 55 kg, bitches - from 72-73 cm, from 45 kg.
The Moscow watchdog is a courageous, intelligent, mindless dog with a highly developed territorial instinct, infinitely loyal to its owners, which makes it a good watchman. Tender to children and other animals with which she grew up with, but because of her large size, she is not suitable as a companion for young children and small dogs. It is not recommended for people who have no experience in raising dogs, because in the process of training they are stubborn and striving for domination, early education is necessary as soon as the puppy crosses the threshold of the house. Training should not be overly emotional, but have a focus on the fulfillment of physical and intellectual tasks. The lack of early socialization can lead to the development of aggressive behavior, as dogs have a strong watchdog instinct. Moscow watchdogs are not recommended for living in apartments, since they need a lot of free space for normal physical development and maintenance of working form. In the absence of long walks saturated with intellectual activities, the housing maintenance for this breed has a bad effect on its physical and mental state.
Hair care is reduced to timely combing and bathing as necessary. Demanding on regular eye and ear hygiene. Unlike other large breeds, they are not inclined to saliva. They are not picky about food. They are hardy enough and strong in health, life expectancy is an average of 11 years. Possible pedigree hereditary diseases - dysplasia, allergies, obesity.
Thank you for the materials provided by the breeder Yelkina Oksana and the nursery "Zlato Ekaterina"
Moscow Watchdog is a breed very famous in the CIS, recognizable and loved by many dog breeders. The Moscow watchdog was created by order of the USSR Ministry of Defense, since the power structures of a huge country needed large, powerful dogs that could be assigned the corresponding duties. The main reason for the order was that the number of service dogs during the war years was significantly reduced.
The main requirements that were imposed on the future breed are unpretentiousness, endurance, understanding and versatility, high vitality and the ability to act effectively in various climatic conditions, including extreme ones. These dogs had to have a powerful skeleton, large sizes, excellent watch and guard qualities.
The order to create the breed was given to the central school of military dog breeding "Red Star". The first interbreeding occurred in the late forties, under the guidance of professor biologist N. A. Ilyin. The crossing was carried out by the head of the breeding nursery Nikolai Ivanovich Bortnikov, a true professional in his field.
The search for the final appearance of the Moscow watchdog took more than one year. To create the breed used were Caucasian Shepherd Dog, St. Bernard and Russian Pintail Hounds. The first breed standard was published in the catalog of the 22nd Moscow City Dog Show, in 1958. In 1985, the Moscow watchdog was recognized as a breed, and already in 1990 in Moscow in the Federation of Service Dog Breeding, the All-Union Club of the breed was registered (since 1992 it became the All-Russian).
Moscow Watchdog is a self-confident dog, with a balanced character and a normal attitude towards the people around it. If you are a family friend, and are not an attacker who has entered the territory protected by this animal, you have nothing to fear. The Moscow watchdog will never rush at a friendly person for no reason, at least if she was brought up normally and did not break her psyche at an early age.
This breed is distinguished by excellent protective qualities, is very territorial, it is a great watchman in all respects. Thick coat, large physique and powerful skeleton, together with an impressive body weight, provide dogs with ideal protection against any adverse environmental factors. Living in a homestead in winter in cold weather will not cause any particular inconvenience, but these animals are quite whimsical to eating, at least when compared with a Caucasian shepherd.
Even if you have a sufficiently large territory, it does not matter - the dog copes with this task perfectly. On the contrary, it can be said that this will not only not be a problem, but will also benefit your pet, since the Moscow watchdog breed needs a lot of free space and likes to be on the street.
They are not very convenient to keep in a city apartment, due to lack of free space. Although the Moscow watchdog adapts quite well to the surrounding environment, and can adapt to the apartment, most importantly, do not start this dog if your urban housing is small. The breed has a high level of energy, loves walks, games, lends itself well to training and understands the person perfectly.
Children are well treated if these dogs live in a family; usually, they do not single out any particular person as their owner. Moscow watchdogs get along well with other domestic animals, including cats, although for complete certainty it is better to introduce them at an early age. Also, do not forget about the early socialization of your pet, which will help make the character more open and versatile.
The Moscow watchdog breed is ideal for training various teams - from it you can bring up a perfect guard and defender in all respects. She will never yield to danger, and will defend her territory and her family at the cost of her life.
Training can begin at the age of 6-8 months, with behavior correction and simple commands. This breed has internal independence and strength, and therefore you need to earn respect, not be nervous for no reason, to be fair, wise, and a good master, who, if he punishes, does not go too far and always - for the cause. These animals are not recommended to be brought to inexperienced or timid owners.
After the simple commands are learned, you can introduce distractions into the learning process, and then move on to more complex teams. Thus, you will be able to educate an obedient defender, able to concentrate on the execution of the team even in the presence of versatile noise, smells and other people. Do not forget about promotion - this is an important aspect of any training. At an early age, training can be varied with the help of various toys and game situations.
Due to the large amount of hair, the Moscow watchdog breed needs to be combed out at least twice a week. Be sure to ensure that the claws of the animal are trimmed and the ears and eyes are clean. You need to bathe with shampoo, if necessary. Also, you should be responsible for the selection of a diet, since this breed is quite sensitive in this matter.
The Moscow watchdog as a whole has good health, and practically does not get sick. Here are a few diseases that can occur in these dogs:
- hip dysplasia,
- obesity - this can be avoided with proper selection and regulation of nutrition,
- various allergies - the most common food allergy.
The nature of the Moscow Watchdog
When breeding the breed, great importance was attached precisely to the creation of an interesting character, combining aggressiveness towards “strangers” and boundless kindness and even tenderness to “friends”. Therefore, the Moscow watchdog is a unique mixture of opposites.
At home in the family circle of its owner is a kind and affectionate teddy bear, which children love to play with. But when he goes outside, he immediately turns into a formidable guard, who from the side looks like an angry bear. A terrifying look and a menacing growl leave no one in doubt that this dog will not be kind and flirting with outsiders.
The Moscow watchdog is a guard dog, a guard dog whose guard and security qualities are very developed. At the same time, he is an intellectual with a good heart, who is not averse to playing and compiling a company for his owner. Representatives of this breed have a balanced psyche, but at the same time they are easily excited and become aggressive at the slightest threat to those whom they consider their family.
The Moscow watchdog is an active dog that needs movement, although if necessary, you can instill in it more calm manners of the city dweller. This dog should not be considered phlegmatic, although the appearance may cause such associations. This is a dog that will not bark for no reason or react to everything that happens with a voice. She barks only when necessary, while bitches are more talkative.
The greater tendency to bark in “Muscovites” is compensated by their ability to train and a higher percentage of quick wits than in males. In any case, both “Muscovites” and “Muscovites” are cheerful friends, smart and, importantly in the canine character, very intelligent.
The only fly in the ointment for owners of this breed is their predisposition to obstinacy and to periodic manifestations of independence. But all this can be smoothed out by persistent training and the manifestation of one's own character. As a result, you get a huge creature infinitely devoted to you with good manners.
This is a serious breed that requires a corresponding attitude. Therefore, the Moscow watchdog is not recommended to start people who are accustomed to lingering with animals, the elderly and adolescents. In such hands, this breed can lose its best qualities and grow up cowardly or, on the contrary, too aggressive, crushing under it a weak-willed owner.
It should be remembered that the Moscow watchdog is unfriendly towards strangers, including children and other animals, so you should not let her go for a walk without a leash. Despite the strong genetics, for the formation of the correct character, strict upbringing and timely training are necessary, therefore, due attention should be paid to this issue.
Conditions of detention
Moscow watchdog requires a huge space, so life in an apartment will not suit her. The owner should be ready for long walks if the pet does not have the ability to independently run around the site.
Dogs of this breed have thick skin and thick long hair that protects from any weather. However, the constant presence in the aviary negatively affects the psyche of the animal and its physical condition. A well-educated Moscow watchdog does not need a cage, at the same time it can be walked outside the courtyard of a private house only on a leash.
Parenting and training
Even a small chihuahua with a bad upbringing can grow into a home despot, and gaps in the upbringing of such a giant as the Moscow watchdog lead to even worse consequences. Sometimes improper upbringing can result in parting with a dog, litigation with people affected by it, and other troubles.
Therefore, weigh your capabilities in advance, and not only material, whether you can show enough rigidity in yourself in the process of education.Some dog breeders are mistaken in thinking that this dog is always only kind to members of his family. If you do not show from the very beginning that the main thing in the house is you, and not this cute little bear who can do everything, then get ready for the fact that you will soon move around the house under the watchful supervision of your guard and with his permission.
A puppy from childhood must know its place in a literal and figurative sense. He must clearly know the command "no!", Which he does not dare to disobey or ignore. Puppies of this breed grow up for a long time - they become mature dogs with a fully formed exterior and a developed psyche and character by the age of 2-3 years. But this does not mean that the educational process can be postponed until later. Start practicing with your puppy right after he is in your house.
If you do not plan to participate with him in the future in work where service dogs are involved, and in exhibitions, then it is quite possible to do with home education. For other purposes, it’s best to immediately find an experienced trainer who will take the necessary training from your Moscow guard on general courses or individual lessons. Despite the fact that it is an intellectual dog, it is quite stubborn, so training each team requires the owner to be persistent.
You must become an authority for your Muscovite, to whom he will always obey. Remember that walking along the streets with an uncontrolled dog of enormous size - this means a threat to others. Aggression and without your participation is inherent in this breed in the blood, the main thing is to teach it at your command to stop this aggression and control the behavior of your pet.
Care and maintenance
When creating the breed, the goal was to bring out the breed, unpretentious in the conditions of detention. The goal was achieved, but this does not mean that the dog does not need to be looked after at all. Moscow watchdog requires, though not excessive, but still care and attention from the owner.
Of course, the easiest way to keep this breed in a country house. Saying that the “Muscovite” is intended only for such content is pointless, since if the city dweller really wants to settle this giant in a one-room apartment, he will do it anyway.
It should be remembered about the purpose of the breed and that it will be difficult to achieve ideal purity from it. Over the years, you may have accustomed your dog to lie peacefully in the hallway awaiting your arrival from work. But in the first months, be prepared to destroy various household items and decorate your apartment.
If you bought a puppy in the winter, then in severe cold it is impossible to leave him all the time in an aviary on the street. At the same time, if you live in an apartment, you should immediately start letting short, but walking. Allocate a certain place to your pet, provide it with toys, give it a place for feeding.
You need to feed the puppy strictly according to the clock with a pre-designed menu, which should not be monotonous, and at the same time without sudden jumps from the usual food to the new one. For such large dogs, it is rather difficult to provide expensive ready-made dry and wet food, so most owners make a balanced menu of natural products.
The basis of the Moscow watchdog's ration is meat products, cereals and vegetables. Do not forget about dairy products and boneless boiled fish. Of course, your dog needs vitamins and minerals, especially during periods of growth. Lack of proper nutrition affects the appearance and abilities of the dog, so this is one of the most important aspects of grooming.
How to choose a puppy
First of all, determine the gender of the puppy. In the breed Moscow Watchdog, the difference in gender in appearance and character is strongly pronounced.
It was proved that bitches more zealously guard the territory entrusted to them, but at the same time they can be more aggressive with family members of their owner, recognizing only his authority. At the same time, males are more cocky with other dogs and like to fight.
If you need a dog, first of all, for performance of official duties, then remember that the bitch will be temporarily discharged from service during estrus, childbirth, and feeding puppies.
After weighing all the pros and cons, proceed with the search for the puppy.
Where is better to buy: the price of puppies
There are many nurseries that offer interesting pedigree lines. Buying a puppy in a kennel, of course, will cost you more, but you will get a guarantee that you are buying a Muscovite, not a cross. This puppy will be a carrier of genes corresponding to the breed. Also, all puppies from the kennel are healthy and without errors in growing.
On the market and by announcement, it makes sense to buy a puppy only for the sake of economy, but at the same time be prepared to buy a cross with various flaws in character and appearance. In this case, it is advisable to look at both parents, although you yourself understand that in the absence of documents for the puppy, you deprive yourself of the right to make complaints to the seller.
The average price from amateur dog breeders for puppies of a Moscow watchdog with a puppy card is 15 000 rubles . In nurseries, average prices are kept at 20 000 rubles .
There are always exceptions to the rules, and if time is running out, then you can wait for a happy occasion to buy a purebred puppy at a lower cost. Sometimes even in famous kennels there are peculiar actions, or puppies are sold cheaper on special contractual terms.
Photo of Moscow Watchdog
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Moscow Watchdog is a breed with a perfect balance between discipline of service breeds and uncompromising guard duty. From the first, they inherited learning, poise and a desire to obey a person, and from the second, a certain amount of aggression and territoriality, which makes them a first-class watchman. Recently, representatives of the breed are also trained for guide dogs.
At the end of World War II, there was a need for a dog that would meet all the needs of the national economy: it was large, unpretentious, hardy, manageable and capable of performing any functions assigned to it, adapting to different climatic conditions, even the most severe. The goal was determined and the cynologists of the Krasnaya Zvezda kennel near Moscow began to breed several pedigree groups, among which were the Great Dane, the Moscow diver, the black terrier and the Moscow watchtower proper.
According to a simplified version, the Moscow watchdog was obtained by crossing St. Bernard and the Caucasian Shepherd, but in fact breeding was much more difficult. Mestizo Russian pinto hound and East European shepherd were covered with St. Bernards, and Caucasian shepherd dogs and their crosses with Newfoundlands. The selection according to the necessary qualities was very tough, all dogs were evaluated, trained, tested, and only the best were left. Since 1950, representatives of the breed group began to appear at exhibitions. Further, very close cooperation with various clubs of official dog breeding was carried out, puppies were given into the hands of only competent dog breeders. In 1985, the breed was officially recognized. All experiments with an admixture of blood since then are strictly prohibited.
Appearance and Standards
Moscow Watchdog is a large dog with a strong constitution and a slightly elongated gross type body. The muscles are voluminous, well developed. Male growth should not be lower than 68 cm, bitches - 66 cm. Weight - 45-70 kg.
- The head is wide, massive. The forehead is convex with a pronounced transition to the nose. The lips are thick, dark in color, slightly sagging. The superciliary arches are well developed. The nose is large, always black. Ears are hanging, triangular in shape. Medium sized eyes set wide, rounded. Scissor bite. A small suspension is allowed on the neck.
- The stomach is moderately tightened. The chest is deep with rounded ribs. Croup is almost horizontal wide. Posterior fore and hind limbs parallel. The hind legs are slightly wider from each other than the front legs. The tail is set high, wide. In a calm state it is lowered, and in an excited state it rises just above the back.
- The coat is coarse, dense, long. The undercoat is well developed. On the head and front of the legs, the hair is slightly shorter than over the body. Decorating hair is more developed in males. Color reddish-pied spotted. Mandatory white color on the tip of the tail, chest, to the elbow on the forelimbs and to the lower leg on the hind. On a white background there may be a dark speck.
They begin to raise a puppy as early as possible, paying special attention to its socialization, understanding of all prohibitions and obedience. Some difficulties may arise in a special age period: 6-12 months, then the owner will need maximum patience and understanding. There should not be any cruel measures at this age, with an impressive size, the dog is still a puppy with appropriate behavior and a fragile psyche. The stubbornness and independence of this breed is adjusted by training and the manifestation of a strong character of the owner. If the dog realizes that it is lower in hierarchy, it will become infinitely loyal and obedient.
Moscow watchdog is knowledgeable and contact dog, so it can be easily trained. They do not recommend developing anger and aggression, these are the qualities that were originally laid down in character and intuitively manifest in certain situations. It is also worth remembering that these dogs can be somewhat leisurely, they need to consider each command.
The physical activity of such an active dog needs to be very good. At a young age, when the bones and ligaments are not yet fully formed, they are limited to a long walk, possibly light runs and games. After a year, you can accustom your pet to barriers, ladders and traction loads. Moscow watchdogs are usually very fond of swimming, therefore, the best pastime in the summer for them will be walks to the reservoir.
The optimal type of food for such a large dog is natural food. The basis of the diet should be raw frozen meat and offal, with the addition of cereals, vegetables and fruits. Compliance with a strict regimen will contribute to good digestion and help to avoid possible health problems. It is important that the dog ate the whole portion at a time, after which she could rest for some time. Feeding treats is allowed, as a reward for obedience. Feeding with ready-made feeds with a high content of animal proteins is also possible. The diet should be balanced and meet the physical load of the animal.
Puppies and prices
It can be difficult to choose a Moscow watchdog puppy among several fluffy lumps. First of all, it is necessary to ask the breeder about the parents of the litter, their merits, and even better to see the dogs live in order to imagine what will grow from a small acquisition. Puppies must be examined and objectively evaluated. Check the bite. Lips, nose, eyelids and eyes should be dark in color. Allow only slight light areas, which should darken with age. Eyes should be dry and clear.
The physique of the puppy is harmonious, and the coat is soft, shiny, clean without bald patches. Ribs are checked for the presence of the so-called "rosary", small tubercles, which indicate the development of rickets. As for the color, a dark mask and a white tail tip are required on the face. In general, the puppy should be energetic, playful and inquisitive. The cost of a puppy of the Moscow watchdog is from 300 to 1000. e.
Differences between Moscow Watchdog and St. Bernard
Representatives of the breed we are interested in differ from St. Bernard in some external qualities and character traits.
Distinctive external data:
- more “lean” and stronger look,
- a different head structure and a closer look,
- tight eyelids, lips saggy,
- the transition to the front of the forehead is not so pronounced.
Features of character and behavior:
- pronounced watchdog qualities amid healthy malice,
- active mobility and high reaction rate,
- smoothness and freedom of movement,
- manifestation of caution and suspicion towards strangers and animals.
The current breed standard prescribes the preferred color of Moscow watchdogs, which is characterized by the presence of a dark mask and a sable coloration, implying a black fringing on red spots, signs that are extremely rare in St. Bernards. The standard of St. Bernard focuses on the difference between the lower limit of growth at the withers at St. Bernard and the identical values at the Moscow watchdog.
Moscow Watchdog: knitting features
Moscow watchdog becomes sexually mature during the first estrus. This event occurs from 6 to 8 months and is strictly individual in each animal. In the first estrus, breeding is better not to be carried out, unless the onset of puberty is delayed until 15-18 months, and even then it is recommended not to risk it and wait. Moscow watchdogs grow quite slowly and fully mature by 2–3 years of age, and females are usually ahead of them. The best time for mating is the third estrus. Dogs are knitted from the age of two. It is important to ensure that at the time of mating, your pet is not a puppy, but an adult, mature individual!
Knowing how to knit a Moscow watchdog is necessary not only to organize and control the process, but also to comply with documentary rules if you own a pedigree knot. The head of the club must be informed in advance about the upcoming event. On the first day of estrus, contact the club where you will be given a direction for mating. Try to immediately contact the owner of the selected dog to exclude unpleasant moments - the dog can be taken away, it can get sick or mate with another individual.
To find out when it is possible to watch the Moscow watchdog, follow as closely as possible when the estrus occurs to establish its beginning. Often dogs lick their genitals so carefully that the secretions are not noticeable at first glance. The nature of the discharge is recommended to be checked every day by applying a clean fleece to the vulva of the knot. Their light pink shade will indicate the readiness of the pet for ovulation. As a rule, mating is possible for 10–13 days from the beginning of estrus.
Popular nicknames for Moscow watchdog
Usually the owners of dogs of this breed choose their nicknames, following the traditions of the Russian cynological school. Within these traditions, nurseries specializing in breeding thoroughbred animals are also called.
As a rule, a purebred puppy acquired from a pedigree already has a name that is consonant with the prefix and documented. If possible, it is original, although not very convenient for calling a dog in household use. Recently, however, many dog breeders have been fascinated by Russian nicknames, so such a "majestic" nickname, such as, for example, Divny from the House of the Baryshevs, no longer seems too pathetic.
Choosing a nickname for the Moscow watchdog is a creative lesson, during which you can immerse yourself in Slavic mythology and recall your own history, discussing the future name of your pet in a cozy home atmosphere with other family members.
Photos of the Moscow watchdog breed of dogs:
Video from a Moscow guard dog:
A large Moscow guard dog was bred specifically to help people. The working breed is an excellent watchman and guard, as well as an assistant in agriculture.The breed was created by crossing Russian pinto hounds, Caucasian shepherd dogs and St. Bernards. As a result of this, a loyal and sensitive, well-trained, unpretentious dog with excellent protective qualities was obtained.
Moscow Watchdog: breed description
An active and agile dog possesses well-developed volumetric muscles and a strong skeleton. Most appreciated are high dogs, whose growth reaches 77-78 cm . Light build and lack of massiveness are considered a serious defect.
The breed standards include:
The long coat of the Moscow guard has close-fitting undercoat . Fluffy fox tails, manes and pants add volume and grandeur to the dog. The coat color should be white-red-brown or white-red. The color of the muzzle is of particular importance. It must have black marks on it. In the center of the muzzle is a white groove. Sunglasses should completely cover your eyes and be symmetrical. Their absence or asymmetry is considered a serious defect.
It is desirable that the front paws are completely white, the hind legs to the lower leg, the collar, the entire chest and the tip of the tail.
Compared to his ancestor, St. Bernard, the Moscow watchdog is very mobile. She moves heavy gallop or short trot .
Moscow watchdogs, especially those who live in an apartment, are prone to obesity and allergies, so a proper diet is very important for them. You can feed them with ordinary natural food or a special balanced food.
Natural food should consist of the following products:
Be sure to include vitamins and nutritional supplements in the diet. The breed cannot be fed :
It is necessary to feed the Moscow watchdog several times a day. Puppies and lactating bitches should eat more often than adult dogs. In order not to harm the puppy, when buying it, you should ask the breeder about the pet's diet. It is best if the new owner will feed the same food, since a change in diet can lead to indigestion.
Puppies up to seven months of age should eat 20% of their weight . Their diet should include:
- seasonal vegetables
- rice, oatmeal, buckwheat,
- chicken and beef
- hard cheese
- kefir, fermented baked milk, milk, low-fat cottage cheese.
With age, a pet is introduced into food meat, meat offal and sea fish .
Adult dogs need to be fed morning and evening. The morning portion should include:
- dried bread soaked in whey or kefir,
- chopped greens
- yogurt or kefir,
- cottage cheese,
In the evening, meat with cereals should be included in the pet's diet. At the same time, boiled cereals should be no more than a third of a serving.
During the period of abundant molting of dogs, it is necessary feed with food sulfur and methionine by adding them to food. In the winter season, pets are fed with more liquid and fatty foods that are preheated. At the same time, vitamin D must be included in the diet. There must always be clean drinking water in the dog’s bowl.
Upon reaching a pet of six years of age, its nutrition is reviewed in the direction of lowering ballast groats and increasing nutrient content. Cream and sour cream are added to the stewed vegetables, and cereals are replaced with hard bread soaked in kefir. According to age, ready-made feeds as well as nutritional supplements are selected. Since the large breed is prone to osteoporosis, adult dogs are given calcium supplements in the diet.
Thick, dense and long coat of Moscow guard once a week to comb . Otherwise, mats will form, and the dog will have a groomed and ugly appearance.
Often it is not necessary to bathe a pet of this breed . Three to four times a year will be enough. The dog needs to be examined from time to time. During acidification, the eyes are wiped with cotton pads moistened with a weak tea solution. Once a month in large breed dogs, the claws are trimmed with a special clipper. Once a week, ears should be wiped with a damp cloth. Liquid should not be emitted from them, an unpleasant odor should come. For any inflammation, you should consult your veterinarian.
Choosing a Moscow Watchdog Puppy
Puppies of this breed look like charming bears. Thanks to this, almost everyone likes them. However, you should think carefully before taking a large dog to your home.
When choosing a puppy you must adhere to the following recommendations:
With the right content, education and training, the Moscow watchdog will become a real companion and friend of the family. Intelligent and smart dog happy to be a real nanny to the baby. She will take care of him, ride on her back and sled. However, it is worth remembering that due to the enormous size, the pet may reluctantly harm the baby, so it is not recommended to leave small children alone with him.
Characteristics of the Moscow guard dog
The Moscow Watchdog is a large, working breed of dog created in the Krasnaya Zvezda kennel. This dog combines the size and mind of St. Bernard and the active aggressiveness of the German Shepherd.
With a lack of service dogs, the USSR encountered during the war. The enemy, on the contrary, had a lot of good breeds, among them. After the war, the need for service breeds increased even more, as the country was seized by banditry and the number of strategic facilities increased.
The well-established German Shepherd did not always cope with the tasks, for one simple reason - frost. Short hair did not protect the dog well enough in winter, they could work for a limited time.
In 1949, the Krasnaya Zvezda nursery received an order for a new breed from the USSR Ministry of Defense. Work was carried out in parallel on several breeds, but only two reached us: the Moscow watchdog.
Under the leadership of the commander of the Central School of Military Dog Breeding “Red Star”, Major General GP Medvedev, work began on the creation of a new breed. This dog had to tolerate very low temperatures (-30 - 40 ° C), have sufficient protection from snow and rain and good service qualities.
After long experiments, scientists settled on two pedigree crosses: the German Shepherd and. The German Shepherd is distinguished by a high level of aggression (including towards man), excellent service qualities and intelligence, but it suffers frosts poorly, plus not large enough.
St. Bernards are distinguished by the complete absence of aggression towards humans, but they are huge and can tolerate cold. However, other breeds were also used in breeding work: Russian pinto hound, Caucasian shepherd.
The first breed standard was published in 1958, but the Moscow watchdog was recognized only in 1985. Unfortunately, the breed has not received international recognition so far and amateurs continue to seek its recognition in FCI. In the territory of the former USSR, the breed is recognized and quite widespread.
A beautiful breed that attracts attention with its massiveness and strength. Still, after all, males at the withers are not lower than 68 cm, and females no lower than 66 cm. In this case, the weight of the males is 55 kg or more, and the bitches are 45 kg or more.
The body is covered with wool, which gives volume and so massive torso. Everything in the guise of a dog justifies its name - guard.
The coat is double with a well-developed undercoat that protects the dog from the cold. The hair on the head and legs is shorter, but longer on the back of the legs.
The tail is long, fluffy. The color of the coat is red-piebald, with white breasts. There may be a darker mask on the face.
Fairly healthy breed, life expectancy of up to 10-12 years. Like all large dogs, it suffers from joint problems, in particular from hip dysplasia.
Due to the wide chest, it is especially located to the inversion of the intestines, the owners need to familiarize themselves with the causes of this phenomenon and prevent them. At a minimum, avoid heavy feeding and especially activity after it.
Moscow Watchdog - breed description
A massive dog with a powerful skeleton and well-developed muscles - this is how the Moscow watchdog appears in front of us. Photos do not convey the proper impression of the power of this animal.
The body is slightly elongated, the limbs are large, long and straight. The height at the withers is on average 78 cm (males) and 73 cm (females), and there are no upper boundaries for growth, but tall dogs are valued more. Ease of physique, lack of massiveness - serious defects.
Moscow watchdog has a rough type of addition. An active animal, despite a massive physique, has a voluminous, well-developed musculature. The head is large, proportional to the body, this allows us to say that the dog is folded harmoniously.
The cheekbones and the occipital tubercle are powerful; the cranial part is slightly longer than the muzzle. Lips are large, dry, not falling below the jaw. A wide forehead, eyes of a rather small size, framed by pigmented eyelids. Small triangular ears are located slightly above the line of the eyes. The brim of the ear is fairly tight against the cheekbone.
The Moscow watchdog is distinguished by a pronounced withers and muscular neck. She has a straight back, a powerful, protruding chest and a tight, tight belly. The tail is set high. In a calm state, the dog lowers it down. The whole body is covered with stiff hair with a well-developed undercoat.
Despite the fact that, according to the standard, a Moscow guard dog should have a straight coat, if it is slightly wavy, this is not a vice.
Moscow Watchdog Puppies
These kids pretty quickly get used to the new house, its schedule, and the owners. Before you start such a complex breed, we advise you to weigh the pros and cons well. Think about whether you can handle this giant. Will you be able to combine power and calm in relation to your pet, which has a strong character. Will you be able to respect his vibrant personality?
Do not start a Moscow watchdog for teenagers. Owner with a soft character can not cope with a Muscovite. You need to know that by the age of six months the puppy will begin to try to take its own and, as a rule, leading position in the family (pack). At this tender age, the baby weighs 40 kg on average with a height of 70 cm, so a strong and powerful hand of the pack leader will be simply necessary in order to maintain its position.
This dog, like no other, needs early socialization and training. If you do not do this at the most tender age, then by one and a half years it will be practically impossible to conduct an adjustment of behavior.
With a dog living in the yard or aviary, you can not restrict communication only during feeding. It is necessary to talk with her, take her out for walks.
Like all dog-like ones, the Moscow watchdog grows up to a year and a half. At the age of three, the animal is considered fully formed.
In order for a healthy and beautiful animal to grow out of a puppy of the Moscow watchdog, it is necessary to feed it well with balanced feeds, devote a lot of time to walking, not to limit it in movement.
Opinions of dog breeders
Moscow watchdog, reviews of which are very contradictory, can only be raised and educated by an imperious, intelligent, strong and sociable person.
The protective qualities of this dog do not cause any complaints from the owners, but many complain about the difficulties in education, the stubbornness of the animal and its desire for indispensable leadership in the family.