Lovebirds, if in natural conditions, lead a fairly active lifestyle. However, it is impossible to create such conditions at home, and the parrot may begin to mope. Therefore, you need to constantly monitor the state of the pet’s health in order to have timely preventive measures. Let's try to understand the most common diseases of lovebird parrots, their main symptoms and treatment methods.
How to determine that a lovebird is sick?
We list the external signs by which a person can determine that the pet is healthy. But if you do not observe at least one point in a bird, then it’s time to sound the alarm, because often the owners recognize a serious illness when the disease is already running and there is little time to correct the situation.
Signs of the health of a parrot:
- Shiny non-sticky feathers that fit tightly to the body.
- The voice is clear, without wheezing and whistling.
- Dry beak.
- Paws without growths.
- The presence of a small amount of subcutaneous fat.
- The nails are smooth and shiny.
- The look is open and clean.
- Poisoning. It can occur due to poor quality food, stale water, chemicals entering the food, eating pet leaves of poisonous indoor plants. If the lovebird is sick, then vomiting, a lethargic state, diarrhea appears, he refuses food and is not at all interested in the outside world. It is urgent to contact an ornithologist or veterinarian, and first give an absorbent.
- Gastrointestinal Disorder. It is caused by sour food, non-compliance with sanitary and hygienic conditions in the cell, excess greens in the diet. The main symptom is loose stool, which you can try to stop with a decoction of rice or rice porridge. But there is an absolutely opposite situation when a bird has constipation as a result of low activity, obesity. In this case, the parrot rarely goes to the toilet, and when it goes down, a large droppings are found. Add greens to the diet, but only in moderation, flax seed. You can give activated charcoal - 1 crushed tablet per day.
- Burn, injury. Often found among parrots, because they are very curious and active. If a fracture occurs, the bird must be immobilized (you can cover it with a blanket), with bruising - apply cold, and if burned - treat the wound with cream.
- Blockage of goiter. It arises as a result of feeding the bird with large pieces of vegetables or fruits, dry food, accidental ingestion of a bead or other object. At first, the parrot may try to vomit the stuck object, but if this does not work out, then a tumor may grow in the neck area, the goiter becomes inflamed, mucus is secreted from the oral cavity, wheezing rales appear. To prevent the tumor from blocking the bird’s breathing, surgical treatment may be required.
- Convulsive condition. It can be observed with stress or serious illness, therefore, to identify the true cause, you need to consult a specialist. As first aid, you can offer chamomile tea, heating under a lamp.
- Gout. The main symptom is swelling near the joints and the inability of the parrot to stand on its paws. The reason may lie in an unbalanced diet. Treatment should be carried out by a specialist.
- Lack of vitamins and minerals. Symptoms - lethargic state, apathy, swelling of the eyelids. Do not forget that in the diet of the budgie every day should be greens, fresh vegetables and fruits, sprouted wheat. In winter, it is recommended to give liquid vitamin complexes. As soon as the pet recovers, you should completely stop feeding with vitamins in order to exclude an overdose that is no less scary for the bird.
- Problems with oviposition. Often found in a young female, which can stomp in a cage, rarely defecate. The treatment of this disease in lovebird parrots involves instilling vegetable oil into the oviduct and massaging the abdomen.
They are considered dangerous ailments and often lead to the death of a pet. In this case, you need to be careful, because some pathologies are easily transmitted from birds to humans and vice versa. The treatment of such ailments should be completely entrusted to a specialist.
- Ornithosis. It is found in both humans and birds. Cause chlamydia disease. At the same time, diarrhea, lethargy, apathy, shortness of breath, convulsive state, purulent discharge from the eyes and nose appear in the lovebird parrot, in rare cases - complete paralysis.
- Parasitic infections. Helminths can affect not only the digestive tract, but also the nervous system. Worming can be suspected by excessive lethargy, feathers lowered down, dull plumage, apathy. To diagnose the disease, a litter is given for analysis. After confirming suspicions, the doctor prescribes anthelmintic drugs.
- Salmonellosis. An intestinal infection can enter the body of a parrot through the shell of an egg, droppings, with food and water. Symptoms - diarrhea with blood veins, fever, inflammation of the eyes, mucous membranes turn yellow. Without timely treatment, the paws and wings of the bird may fail, and she herself may die.
- Aspergillosis. The reason is a fungal infection that affects the respiratory tract.
- Circovirus. Viral disease usually develops rapidly. Symptoms - a deformed beak, feather loss, refusal to eat, decreased activity, lethargy, sometimes diarrhea.
- Knemidocoptosis. It is caused by scabies mites that settle in the horny areas of the parrot. The disease can be suspected of bald areas on the body, tearing feathers.
- Down-eaters. These ticks eat feathers, suck blood. You can notice the disease by broken feathers sticking out in different directions.
In the last two cases, you can do a complete treatment of the cell and the surrounding space with special antiseptic agents.
The dependence of allergy on the type of parrot
Poultry is allergenic in any case. But there is an opinion that there are species more and less dangerous.
Budgerigar and lovebird. In practice, it turned out that these types of parrots pose the least threat to the human body. Their small size does not allow you to allocate protein allergen in large quantities, so the birds have gained universal love.
Parrots such as Karella, Macaw, Jaco and other large breeds are most dangerous for an allergic person. These birds secrete a sufficient amount of allergen protein. Scientists reliably know that an acute reaction to a domestic parrot manifests itself as a common cold or dermatitis.
The likelihood of an allergic reaction to a parrot
Before buying a feathered pet, you must weigh the pros and cons. It will be good to check whether there is an allergy to parrots using medical tests and empirically.
It is necessary to contact an allergist and do a series of simple tests:
- Pass a skin test for a suspected allergy.
- Visit the enclosed space where the parrot lives, several times. For one visit, the alleged allergen will not work.
- If a person has a food or household allergy, his chances of an acute reaction to a parrot increase. It is not recommended for allergy sufferers to have pets, including decorative birds.
When it is known for certain that the body will not give out a violent reaction to the appearance of a new creature in the same space with it, you can safely start a bird you like.
Protein. When conducting a number of scientific studies, it was determined that the reaction of the immune system to domestic parrots causes saliva, or rather, the protein in its composition. It falls on the feathers of a bird during the cleaning process, and then into the airspace of an apartment or house.
Parasites. The second cause of the acute immune response to poultry was ticks parasitizing on birds.
The protein secreted by birds is very lightweight and spreads over all surfaces of the human home. Penetrating into the respiratory tract, it causes an allergic reaction.
The patient's body perceives its small particles as dust and reacts accordingly.
Attention! An allergy can be caused not by feathery, but by its grain feed. Sometimes a person does not even suspect about intolerance to crops.
Adult Poultry Allergy
Without testing, it is not possible to reliably determine whether an adult is allergic to parrots.
Medicine knows how allergies to parrots manifest in adults. Signs:
- inflammation and swelling of the skin and eye proteins (conjunctivitis is often suspected),
- itchy skin
- excruciating cough caused by persistent sore throat, shortness of breath,
- shortness of breath (often confused with bronchial asthma).
At the first sign, an urgent need to see a doctor. You can’t ignore the symptoms, this will aggravate the patient’s condition and threaten the emergence of new diseases, such as alveolitis.
Important! Quincke's edema is a deadly complication of allergies, so it is necessary to take measures at the first sign of an allergic reaction.
Household Allergy Companion - Alveolitis
Difficulty in pulmonary breathing in acute allergies to all known types of parrots in an adult contributes to the compaction of the lower parts of the lungs, which causes even greater shortness of breath. Due to inflammation, during which compaction forms, oxygen practically does not enter the body. It is imperative to start allergy treatment at the first symptoms.
Attention! Alveolitis man suffers after an allergic rhinitis and inflammation of the ocular membrane. It is important not to ignore these diseases.
Unfortunately, in this case, a complete rejection of the maintenance of birds is necessary.
Another unpleasant companion of any allergy is conjunctivitis. Its signs:
- redness of the mucous membrane of the eyes,
- purulent discharge
- cut it.
At the first slight signs of an acute allergy to domestic parrots in an adult, you should temporarily give the bird to your friends and check what type of conjunctivitis has formed: allergic or infectious. If the fears are confirmed, the bird will have to part.
Conjunctivitis is treated with eye drops that relieve inflammation. Take them as directed by a doctor.
The first symptom of an allergy to parrots in an adult is nasal congestion. Most often, this symptom is not paid attention, attributing the malaise to a cold. You should temporarily get rid of the bird and check the etiology of the disease. If in the absence of a parrot rhinitis passes, the pet will have to be given to other hands. A good test for allergen detection. It is possible that it was not the bird that caused the condition to worsen.
Allergic rhinitis is treated with special drops and antihistamines as prescribed by a doctor.
Algorithm for the treatment of allergies to parrots in adults
As soon as any reaction to the presence of a bird has manifested, you should immediately seek help from an allergist. The specialist will find out exactly how allergies to domestic parrots manifest. Treatment for adults does not take much time. Immediately pass the necessary tests to identify the pathogen.
Allergies are treated as follows:
- Relieve the patient's condition with antihistamines.
- With the help of corticosteroids, itching and rash of the skin will be removed.
- Special sprays and drops will relieve swelling of the nasopharynx.
- Moisturizing and wound healing ointments will improve the condition of the skin after suffering dermatitis.
At home it is necessary to conduct thorough wet cleaning and ventilation. Outdoor walks also help relieve symptoms. If necessary, you can use special eye drops to relieve inflammation of the mucosa.
Bird flu intolerance in babies
Acute allergies in children to birds have become quite common. It belongs to the category of household allergies, such as intolerance to dust or animal hair. Components of bird saliva, feathers, and droppings that irritate the immune system cause the development of urticaria, a common form of allergen reaction in children. In most cases, an alveolitis that can cause bronchitis or pneumonia becomes a companion for childhood and adult allergies.
Read more about how allergies to parrots manifest in children. Signs:
- obstructed breathing
- redness of the eye proteins,
- rash type dermatitis.
Intolerance of something manifests itself in children in the form of urticaria. Frequent symptoms of acute allergies to domestic parrots in young children are blisters on the surface of the skin, itching, swelling. The reaction may be in the form of a respiratory illness: acute headache, fever, malaise. Young children under 3 years of age may experience vomiting or diarrhea. Also, urticaria is accompanied by a lack of appetite, sleep, irritability.
The most effective treatment for urticaria is to eliminate the allergen. As soon as the first signs of urticaria become apparent, you should immediately consult a dermatologist and allergist. The specialist will prescribe wound healing and antihistamines for children.
Important! As adjuvant therapy, calcium preparations are taken. They reduce the intensity of allergic reactions.
In severe cases, hormone-containing ointments with a low percentage of active substances are prescribed locally. A similar condition is characterized by blueness of the limbs, muscle pain, weakness. The child begins to tire quickly, loses appetite and weight.
If such reactions occur, only a specialist will help, and you will have to say goodbye to the feathered one. With a long and constant exposure to the pathogen of allergies to the body of a child, serious disorders in the form of bronchial asthma and weakened immunity can develop.
How to treat allergies in children
Step one. Eliminate the source of the allergen. Do not let the bird out. You can present the parrot to friends, acquaintances or try to return it to the pet store. It's good to advertise in the press, on the Internet - someone has long dreamed of having such a bird.
Step Two Thorough cleaning of the house will help eliminate the remnants of bird fluff, feed, and excrement.
Step Three Calling a specialist for the appointment of the necessary antihistamine. The medicine is taken only as prescribed by the doctor and in appropriate doses. If breathing problems occur, the doctor will also prescribe cough medications.
Step Four Agree to a more serious treatment in the hospital if the signs of the disease take on a form that threatens health or life.
Feather allergy in young children is quite easy to treat, the main thing is not to miss the first symptoms and accurately establish the causative agent of the acute reaction of the body. The first manifestations of a parrot allergy cannot be ignored.
Medical tests will help to identify the presence of allergies before contact with the pathogen. This will allow you to know in advance whether to buy a parrot and endanger your health.
Brilliant lovebird health - active mobility
Loud-nosed lovebirds are cheerful parrots, especially if they are healthy. In healthy stocky little boys:
- shiny (but not greasy!) Plumage that fits tightly to the body,
- neat, non-sticky feathers around and under the cesspool,
- subcutaneous fat, thin, but visually noticeable, a layer of "spilled" on the abdomen,
- a sonorous voice without hoarseness,
- a strongly bent strong and uniquely symmetrical glossy beak (the color varies from the color of well-dried straw to blood-red),
- uniform (usually gray) color of the legs (without spots, peeling, browning, growths, fading),
- sparkling and clean eyes,
Boring stupidity - alarm
Alas, even if feathered pets are shrouded in love, spoiled by attention, provided with expensive food, they are not free birds. Pets are completely dependent on the person, and even though they rarely, or never meet with fellow tribesmen, parrots are the lovebirds of the disease, and not one. They, like all living organisms, can be:
- infectious, provoked by infection.
All diseases of lovebird parrots and their symptoms are different. So, it refers to non-infectious:
- excessive growth of claws or beak,
- injuries caused by an unsuccessful landing, a blow to the cage, a strong squeezing of the body of the parrot by the hands,
- vitamin deficiency, causing apathy, disorientation, edema of the upper and lower eyelids,
- poisoning, accompanied by either vomiting, or a disorder of normal stool (constipation, diarrhea), fluffiness, shaking the whole body with trembling,
- obesity, as a result of which slowness, shortness of breath, inactivity, fatigue, lack of attraction to reproduction develop,
- problem oviposition - a difficult exit of the egg from the female, forcing her to constantly stomp on the nest, rarely defecate,
- violent, continuous molting, practically exposing the body,
- swelling of the joints (gout) of the legs, invoking painful lameness, loss of stability,
- sore throat, accompanied by intermittent difficulty swallowing, frequent stretching of the neck, deterioration of appetite (a common cause is poor water, expired or improperly stored food, insufficient amount of vitamin).
- damage to the digestive tract and mucous membrane by the simplest parasites - coccidia (coccidiosis), as a result of which the bird rapidly loses weight, drinks greedily, defecates with sharply smelling liquid feces, practically does not digest food (all this can be caused by poor-quality dirty food, not replaced by water in time, and that extremely rare encounter with a wild bird),
- helminthiasis - damage to most digestive organs and even the nervous system by parasitic roundworms, causes lethargy, anemia, sagging wings, dull plumage, disheveled, unwillingness to move (as a rule, the reason is not a cleaned cell),
- the sharing of down-eaters - the smallest parasites that eat part of the feathers or skin scales (their brownish striped carcasses, by the way, are visible under a magnifying glass), causing constant scratching, agitation, shaking of the tousled feathers of lovebirds,
- infection by a bird tick (knemidocoptosis) - a transmitted disease, resulting in dry, lumpy and flaky ulcers of the paws, painful stratification of the beak, damage to the anus, peeling of the bare area around the eyes.
To infectious, contagious, dangerous for other pets, the owners themselves:
- PBFD - deadly at a late, advanced stage for birds, the viral DNA disease of the plumage and beak - circovirus. It is developing rapidly. Moreover, at the initial stage, it causes difficulty in swallowing food, then (or almost immediately) a liquid, turbid watery droppings, at a later stage - deformation of the beak, feathers,
- an intestinal, instantly transmitted infection - salmonellosis, after which the bird first “turns to stone” - it stops responding to anything, then the joints of all its joints swell, the plumage stands on end and does not smooth out (the pathogen, as a rule, is poor quality food, unwashed shells),
- psittacosis - a mutually transmitted (from animal to person, from person to animal) infection, the source of which is chlamydia. Causes progressive fever, respiratory and pulmonary painful cramps, sudden cramps, paralyzing lethargy, purulent eye inflammation,
- defeat by spores of a special type of mold fungi - aspergillosis, which causes violent coughing with blood secretions, fever, often recurring shortness of breath, even renal failure (pathogen is moldy, poor-quality food),
- Escherichiosis is a fecal-oral transmitted infection characterized by frequent secretion of gelatinous droppings, intensified by apathy (usually it arises after the annoying interest of rodents in the food of lovebirds).
Situations, pathogens causing diseases of lovebird parrots are completely different, but with any disorder of the body, they also have one characteristic feature: the behavior of birds changes dramatically - from excitedly active to apathetically lethargic. Any extreme is an anomaly requiring an immediate reaction.
In order for the lovebird diseases and their symptoms not to be unexpectedly frightening, it is best to prevent them - to carry out prevention. The rules are simple and straightforward:
- we’re not just planting the bird we bought right away to the couple waiting for it, but we are putting it in strict monthly quarantine,
- once every three months we carry out a complete and thorough disinfection of the cell (preferably with three percent formalin),
- daily wash with a soap (preferably household or baby) a feeder and (using a toothbrush) a drinker,
- we defend the water, and do not pour it immediately from the tap into the drinking bowl,
- every day we clean the pan, which every three to four days should not just be washed, but washed with soap,
- do not feed feathered pets with food from our mouths,
- carefully inspect the purchased feed (consistency, color, smell).
Such a simple precaution and disease will be difficult to approach the lovebirds parrots.
Healthy budgies during the day are engaged in personal hygiene for a long time, clean feathers from pollution and take care of them. In their body, natural processes of renewal of the skin, regrowth and renewal of the feather cut constantly occur - it is not surprising that they itch from time to time.
A clean budgerigar itches, suggesting beauty:
- grinds and cleans the beak of keratinized particles, rubbing them against various hard surfaces (branches, mineral stone, cuttlefish shell),
- prettifies plumage, shaking, scratching and smoothing feathers,
- bathes in a bath, often uses open drinking bowls not quite intended for this for water procedures.
Parrots scratch their heads on the perches when they can’t get the itchy place with their paws. They also like to bring gloss to their brothers, scratching and stroking feathers - this is a kind of concern for each other.
If the parrot begins to itch a lot, this can indicate one of three types of molting:
Juvenile is the first molt that begins in young parrots at about 3 months. The chick loses its fluff of a newborn and acquires a bright and expressive plumage of an adult. It lasts quite a long time - two to three months, after which the bird is already considered sexually mature.
Seasonal molting occurs at all undists twice a year, lasts about a month and a half - the old plumage changes to a new one.
At this time, the parrot molts and actively itches, experiencing severe itching. At the same time, a lot of feathers appear in and around the cage. Some owners notice the appearance of dander-like scales in their pet. However, as such, dandruff does not exist in parrots. These white flakes are particles remaining from the tubes of growing feathers.
Watch a shedding parrot if it itches all the time, but otherwise feels normal, you should not worry. Natural molting processes sooner or later end.
Of course, there are some changes in behavior during this period:
- the bird becomes nervous and irritable, does not make contact,
- Doesn’t respond to familiar games, but remains active,
- occasionally can suffer from poor appetite.
How the process of molting occurs in budgerigars and what the owner needs to do at this time, see this video:
During this period, it is important to provide the bird with peace and sufficient rest, and it already has a difficult time: it is tormented by unpleasant itching and rather painful sensations due to the germination of the rudiments of feathers.
Worse, if your pet began French molting, this is already a disease. It is characterized by the loss of tail and fly feathers. The feathered plucks feathers from the wings and under the tail. Often this condition leads to the fact that the parrot can never fly. He becomes apathetic, is not interested in anything. A severe form of the disease leads to a complete loss of plumage.
Feathers often have inflammatory processes on the skin - dermatitis. The reason is a weakened immune system. Dermatitis is an infectious disease, accompanied by rather unpleasant sensations.
The disease affects the fingers on the legs of the budgerigar, cloaca and the inner areas of the wings. The skin becomes inflamed, swells, constantly itches, the parrot often itches and behaves uneasily.
What to do in this case: to improve the diet, be sure to nourish the pet with vitamin complexes, apply homeopathic medicines prescribed by the doctor.
Some fungal infections are samples of the natural birds microflora. A fungus can live on a bird always, without showing itself at all, however, any negative factor should appear, it begins its activity.
A sharp decrease in immunity often leads to damage to the fungus of tissues and organs. The parrot has many unpleasant symptoms:
- loss of appetite
- food is poorly digested
- body temperature rises
- the body is rapidly depleted.
Due to severe scratching, the pet begins to lose plumage.
There are still fungal diseases that arise due to improper conditions of detention:
- raw indoor climate
- contaminated contaminated feed
- lack of timely cleaning and purification of the cell and its contents.
These factors lead to the spread of microorganisms in the home of the parrot. Fungal spores spread throughout his body, affect the waxen, eyes, beak. The pet itches, shakes all the time.
Only a specialist can diagnose the disease, and the owner is required to improve the conditions of the bird and conduct the prescribed treatment.
Often wavy parrots itch due to damage by external parasites:
There are three types of ticks:
- scabies - found in the upper skin,
- single - in feather rods,
- tracheal - in the respiratory system.
Cormorants are often called bird lice, they move along the body of the bird, irritating the skin. The feathered bird begins to itch, trying to get rid of parasites with its paws and beak. The disease is accompanied by loss of appetite, poor sleep, nervousness, parrot aggressiveness and feather loss.
At home, the presence of parasites (fleas, ticks) can be detected quite simply: just cover the bottom of the cell with clean white paper. After a while, dark particles appear on it, which indicate infection with parasites.
It is quite difficult to get rid of pests, especially since relapses often occur. However, if you start treatment on time, positive results will not take long.
If your budgerigar itches on poles or bars of the cell with cesspool, this may indicate such problems and diseases:
- improper containment conditions - too much sand or gravel swallowed by a budgie can lead to clogging of the rectum. In this case, the cesspool becomes inflamed, which provokes itching and irritation,
- diarrhea, which can occur due to malnutrition, poor quality food and poisoning by toxins. Permanent liquid droppings irritate the mucous membranes, lead to itching and constant combing by the feathered anal opening,
- helminths also lead to irritation of the cloaca and provoke severe itching.
Attention! The natural reason why the parrot itches is cesspool - puberty and the onset of the nesting period.
Stress and loneliness
These are timid, easily losing their balance, painfully reacting to sudden movements and loud unexpected sounds of creation. There are many cases when budgerigars died from a broken heart, experiencing severe fright.
In addition, they are extremely social, need to communicate and are very sensitive to loneliness, a change of scenery, owner, the death of a partner, the appearance of a new person in the family or pet. Stress is one of the common reasons why a parrot often itches and plucks feathers on itself. Dealing with stress for such small birds is an incredibly difficult task. A frightened parrot may never become tame and panicky react to any of your actions. Therefore, it is best to protect him from worries in advance:
- follow the recommendations for adapting your parrot if it’s recently entered your home,
- to properly care for him and educate him,
- regularly release the wings from the cage (free flights, even within the room, have a good effect on the mental and physical health of the bird),
- carefully protect him from encroachment by other pets and the inept treatment of young children,
Pay a lot of attention, play and chat.
Most parrots (not only budgies, but also larger parrots: Corellia, Jaco, Macaw) react to loneliness by self-plucking. They scratch their paws and beak and pull out feathers. Later, not all pets succeed in weaning from this habit.
Some birds begin to scratch themselves out of boredom, entertaining themselves in this way. By such behavior, they signal the absence of toys and entertainment. Be sure to arrange a bird cage with rings or ladders, a swing and any toys that will be of interest to him.
Nutrition and Vitamin Lack
Monotonous nutrition and the use of poor-quality feeds are often the reason that the parrot often itches. If a pet doesn’t have enough fresh greens, vegetables, fruits, twig feed in its diet, it is not surprising that gradually its feather cover becomes dull and brittle, crusts appear on its beak and skin, severe itching begins - it lacks vitamins in its body.
Mineral supplements and courses of vitamins should be given regularly to the bird. If you notice that your pet has often begun to itch, consult a specialist about how to enrich his diet.
Important! The biggest mistake that parrot owners make is feeding human food: pasta, sandwiches, cereals seasoned with butter, salt or sugar, and more.
Pets are happy to absorb such food, which leads to a violation of metabolic processes in their bodies and the appearance of severe itching.
Lighting plays a big role in the life of birds. Properly organized lighting will ensure the physical and mental health of the parrot.
Ultraviolet light contributes to the production of vitamin D in the body, which is necessary for the growth of the skeletal system and feathers. With a deficiency of nutrients, the bird constantly itches and loses feathers.
Many owners believe that for the parrot there is enough light pouring from the window. However, ultraviolet rays do not penetrate through the glass, therefore it is necessary to take care of additional lighting: in summer, open windows so that ultraviolet penetrates the room, in winter, turn on special lamps for your pet.
In addition, a clear regime of daylight hours is the key to the mental health of a pet. With a lack of sleep, birds become ill. Read more about how and how much parrots sleep in the article.
Attention! In the winter months, the optimal daylight hours for birds are 10 hours, in the summer - 14 hours.
One of the causes of itching in parrots is low humidity in the room. This phenomenon often occurs during the heating period - heating appliances excessively dry the air. It is important to maintain humidity at 60-70%. From too dry air, the skin and mucous membranes of the budgerigar dry up, it begins to itch, feathers fall out. It is possible to notice that a pet itches because of dry air by its behavior: it drinks a lot of water and tries to bathe in the wet green that you put in its feeder.
To increase and maintain humidity, you can install special humidifiers or hang wet towels near the parrot cage. It will also be good to spray the bird with water from a spray bottle or install a bath where it will bathe itself.
What to do if a parrot itches
If your pet:
- started to itch a lot,
- crusts and peeling appeared on the skin,
- the feathers become brittle and crumble - especially if there is blood,
- cones or growths are groping on the body,
- sores and sores appear,
be sure to take him to the vet. It is important to determine the cause of such changes in time and start treatment immediately. Running the disease, you will destroy the bird.
If the budgerigar is itchy due to infection with parasites, the first thing to do is to isolate it from other pets, if any, and disinfect the cage and all equipment. Next, you will need to use insecticidal emulsions prescribed by the ornithologist, feathered lotions, drops, possibly antibiotics, vitamins.
If a pet itches all the time due to a strong infection with an external parasite, here's what you need to do:
- to remove acute inflammation, apply Aversectin ointment to the site of damage,
- to eliminate the purulent process and remove abscesses, apply Vishnevsky ointment.
Funds are applied two to three times a day with a thin layer, avoiding the mucous membranes and the parrot wax.
Itching due to improper, unbalanced nutrition or feeding poor-quality feed is eliminated quite simply: correct mistakes in nutrition, choose only high-quality and fresh food, supplement the diet with vitamin and mineral complexes. In case of digestive disorders, it will be necessary to give probiotics, enzymes, homeopathic preparations.
If you notice that your budgerigar has often begun to itch, treat it twice a day with heated birch tar or saline. Run the course until the bird completely gets rid of the itching.
What to do if the pet is very itchy and at the same time is active and does not suffer from a lack of appetite? Communicate more and play with him - he needs your attention. And also improve the conditions of detention, hygienic care for both the bird itself and its apartments. Regularly wash feeders, drinking bowls, toys.
Having figured out the reasons why the parrot itches, always take action, do not expect that it will pass by itself. In birds, all processes proceed very quickly. A neglected disease often leads to the death of a pet. Try to do everything so that he lives with you as long as possible.
Look at this video, what purges there are budgies:
What you need to know about lovebirds and their contents.
The habitat of the birds of the lovebirds is the island of Madagascar and some adjacent territories of Africa. These are areas with a completely understandable climate - warm and humid (we are not talking about the desert territories of the mainland). Therefore, the house where they decided to have lovebird parrots should be warm, and the air in it not dry.
Like any domestic, captive-bred parrot bird, regardless of its size, nature and preferences in food, drafts are contraindicated for lovebirds. Draft is not cold, but when it blows! Blowing can be warm. Do not confuse!
So, there are three primary principles for keeping a parrot home:
- Heat and light, the lack of which in the autumn-winter period must be compensated by artificial means. Heaters and lamps are placed away from the cage and the impacts are routed along it. Direct sunshine to parrots is contraindicated, therefore, even placing the cage on the windowsill, you should make sure that the window panes are hung with tulle, gauze, any homemade veil.
- Protecting birds from drafts, smoke, pungent odors and too loud sounds. The subwoofer and deep bass can damage the hearing of the birds, as well as make it an unbalanced Angry Birds.
- Attention feed birds. It is important to monitor the expiration dates of feed and additives. To exclude feeding even for 1 day with expired food is equivalent to saving the feathered pet from painful and slow death. Food is grain and / or nuts. The smallest grains of incipient mold are not visible either with the naked eye or with a household microscope. Pathogenic bacteria entering the human body can cause "miracles." Just imagine how they will act on a weak bird!
A cage for lovebirds and its arrangement.
Living at home with my animals - I did not attach much importance to arranging the Quiet cell. I was always more concerned that he would not tear off the cat's mustache. Having received the lovebirds in a small cell for the maintenance, my first noble act towards them was that I let them fly along with the jet Tishka. The lovebirds turned out to be strong birds with a very dense and strong beak, which can even cause serious damage to even large parrots.
Lovebird birds get used to and experience indescribable tenderness only to humans and to each other. To answer them the same, first of all, you can pick up a comfortable and “right” cell.
A cage for keeping lovebirds must meet several requirements:
- Square or rectangular cells with a straight or domed roof will be the right choice. Parrots will not “get lost” in space.
- High-quality rod materials and their thickness are important aspects. Poor coating or spraying on the metal when washing the cell, increased humidity or temperature, as well as when reacting even with weak oxidizing agents (often fruits are offered between birds and rods) - they can secrete enzymes that are harmful to birds.
From my own experience I’ll say that we went through a lot of cells (Tishka doesn’t eat “from the ground” and I constantly poke apples and cucumbers between the rods). Now I have 2 cells. One large is the Italian cage of the Ferplast company from the Sonia series (cages with a flat roof). The second was bought by me in order to hang a swing in a cage - Viola from Ferplast. Her roof is raised and swings and toys do not interfere with my Skoda dancing, and when swinging on a swing - do not touch the tail of the perch.
- Continuing the list of requirements for cells for lovebirds, I can stipulate the importance of the size of the cell itself. Lovebirds in a comfortable environment are very mobile. And if you do not plan to let them out on a free sightseeing flight around the apartment, then the optimal cage sizes for a bright-feather pair: length 50-80 cm - width at least 40-50 cm - height 60-90 cm. The choice should be made in favor of all-metal cells and discard wooden ones. Lovebird parrots with a lack of fresh branches gnaw them. In addition, bacteria can develop in wooden cages with slightly elevated humidity. External parasites of birds can hide in the cracked micro-slits of wooden cages. Say - disinfection? This is moisture again - the tree absorbs it. For pets, you should buy a nickel-plated cage, it is possible from organic glass or getinaks. The last 2 materials are exposed to high temperatures, but are quite safe for lovebirds.
- Parrot apartments should not be piled up. Beauty and decoration should be brought up on the outside of the cage, and inside it is important to provide maximum space for the flight from pole to pole. By the way, here is another difference that catches your eye. My budgerigar just does not hang upside down in a cage, and lovebirds prefer to fly from place to place. So, equipping a cage for lovebird birds, I fixed the willow rods (in the bark and with a bunch of bulging hemp) at a great distance. The bird manages to wave its wings 2-3 times. My temporary lodgers are still living in the Italian cage of the Ferplast company from the Sonia series.
- What feeding trough to choose for a parrot is a question no less important than everyone else. Silence gnawed plastic. Remembering that the lovebirds have a strong beak and mischievous character, I immediately put them metal feeders. One for grain feed, the second for soft feed.
Keeping birds of lovebirds.
As I said - I released lovebirds right away. The result - Tisha does not have one feather, and a hole has appeared in the tulle. Mischievous birds did not want to fly into the cage. They simply, I think, did not assume that she was their home.
After buying lovebirds, you should hold them in a cage for a couple of weeks. Or even a month. During this time, they will get used to people, to sounds.
These beautiful parrots in a pair are very shy, as I noticed. Up to the point that the headlights of the cars shine through the window - and the birds are so closely pressed against each other that they seem to be one with only two heads. Therefore, in the evening I began to cover the cage with a thin white chintz cloth. It passes air well, the birds will not be stuffy, and does not create “deaf” darkness in the cage. They were afraid even of a slightly sharp, relatively ordinary, wave of the hand.
Keeping any living thing at home is a big responsibility. Keeping a bird develops vigilance, speed of reaction, and terrible suspiciousness! The dwelling of man - for a small bird - a large and unexplored world full of dangers. It is the duty of man to ensure safety. Before releasing lovebirds or other birds from the cage, it is necessary to make inaccessible for them something from which they can peel off paint, glue, polyethylene, you need to hide food unsuitable for them, curtain the window and large mirrors to curtain. In glass, it can hit during flight, and in a mirror surface it can be frightened of its sudden reflection.
The couple gets great pleasure from swimming. Like Tishka, the lovebirds loved the bathtub that I hang on the cage. True, because of its size, the standard “bathing” is small for them - lovebirds are larger than a budgerigar. Yes, and not really visible in her bird grimaces. But if you spray, as from a shower! Indescribable emotions are received by everyone - both parrots and people! For a cat, this is the action - so in general - a television.
What do lovebirds eat and what makes them special?
Flowers Plants in general. All this is in my room, inaccessible to cats and parrots. They strive to eat a dracaena or a short-cactus cactus, no, no, and they will bite an orchid or something. I'm not sorry for the vegetation. I am afraid for animals, because I don’t know how harmful the effects of home flower enzymes can be for them. In contrast to the wavy, greenery is given in much larger quantities to the lovebirds. I chop parsley and dill.
I shoveled a lot of literature and paid a lot of advice from ornithologists. Let me save you money and time and share what has become obvious to me.
Types of food for parrots:
- Plant-based feed: cereal and succulent.
The first are bought in the form of a ready-made mixture, and often it contains dried fruits or dried herbs. Juicy foods useful for parrots can be called gourds (pumpkins, watermelons and even melons) and their seeds. I collect in the summer, mine and judge. I bought a simple coffee grinder and grind it. Pumpkin seeds are just a storehouse of vitamins! Cucumbers, apples, pears - everything is clear. Green onions! I did not expect that they can feed parrots. It turned out - even needed: it prevents helminthic diseases and is an antimicrobial agent, contains vitamins of groups B and P, which contributes to the overall strengthening of the birds and increase their appetite.
Little I lived in the village and every spring we collected young dioica nettles. For chickens and other stuff with beaks. Nettle lovebirds can and should be fed! It is useful to all birds. Calcium, potassium, nitrogen-free extractives, vegetable protein and fats are essential elements of the diet of parrots. Nettle is collected very small - young, otherwise it burns. I boil it for 3 minutes, squeeze it and put it on a napkin to dry. Cut finely and finely and add to the soft food. Nettle can be dried for the winter and added to the feed as a dry mix. I remembered from my village experience that in the afternoon it will wither in the sun, and it should be dried in the shade in a draft or in a well-ventilated place. In a city apartment, I do this "under the window." At the pharmacy I do not buy it, fearing that it is not washed properly. All the same, the human body will digest, and the bird is small, and even one stray bacterium can kill it.
Once a month I was advised to drink 1-2 drops of lemon juice in drinking water of a parrot.
- Feed of animal origin.
I fed parrots to chicken eggs and cottage cheese without the recommendations of specialists. But the usefulness of milk and honey for birds was discovered by ornithologists. I will say - just like that to give a boiled egg to a parrot is impossible. There are fundamental points - the egg should not be digested, and treating the bird to the yolk - in no case can you give a little blue film - it is harmful to birds. For feeding lovebirds, it is recommended to mix a little protein and yolk with carrots or beets. I spoil Tishka with ground oatmeal cookies - I crush it into this mixture. I began to cook millet in milk or sometimes soak the cracker in it. This is not about pasteurized milk, but bought from grandmothers. The same applies to cottage cheese - only "today's".
I used to add a drop of honey, like lemon, before in drinking. Lovebirds can be fed to them like this: once a week or two to treat cottage cheese with honey. For a couple of birds - a little less than 1 teaspoon of the mixture.
- Mineral feed necessary for parrots.
Shells, chalk, eggshells and even stucco are sources of micro and macro elements essential for birds.
Metabolism in birds is very fast, and in parrots, food is digested within 2-3 hours. Lovebirds, like other birds, need to constantly replenish the supply of nutrients, which necessitates the regular introduction of diversity in the diet.
I really hope that my temporary guests will be left to me for good. I got used to them, they - to me and Tishka. Even the cat began to drop in. Moving for them is stress, and even for my girlfriend, they will become even greater.
So, if you are told that it is better to get a simpler bird - a canary or a wavy - do not believe it! Feel free to bring these bright and lovely birds to your home! Lovebirds, of course, live in pairs, however, in the event of the loss of a familiar partner, they do not die. They wait patiently when they will pick up a new company. These parrots are very characteristic and may not accept the first one you bring them to visit. But if sympathy has arisen - start to study the principles and rules of reproduction of lovebird parrots!
12/21/2015, 6,724 views.
An allergic reaction is the response of the immune system to harmful substances. In the case of birds, a special protein acts as such a substance. If the immunity is strong, and there is no hereditary predisposition, the body adapts, the state of health does not worsen.
The insidiousness of a parrot allergy is how it manifests. Allergen components accumulate in the body, and then signs of intolerance come to the fore:
- profuse lacrimation,
- mucus from the nose
This can happen in a few days or months. Particularly sensitive people do not tolerate even the slightest allergens. Being in a room with a parrot, they inhale particles of the irritant, and the reaction develops very quickly.
What is an allergen?
An allergic reaction is caused by a protein that is found in the saliva and excrement of a parrot. When a bird takes care of itself, cleans and packs its feathers, it moistens them with saliva. Feathers and feathers fly out of the cage with a parrot. The smallest particles of secretions and epidermis are carried through the air, settle on the surrounding objects, and then a person inhales them.
Another possible cause of allergies is microscopic organisms and insects parasitizing on the body of a parrot. These can be ticks, bugs, fleas. Shaking and scratching, the parrot spreads around itself the products of the parasites. In addition, bird food sometimes acts as an allergen.
The risk of intolerance depends on the type of parrot: a great danger comes from Jaco, Macaw, Corell. Less commonly, people are allergic to the budgerigar, lovebird. Most likely, this is due to the small size of the pets, respectively, a smaller plumage surface area. In addition, in small parrots, an allergy-provoking protein is less aggressive.
Since the allergen enters the body through the respiratory tract, the initial signs are associated with respiratory manifestations:
- runny nose
- sinus congestion,
- mucous discharge from the nose,
- dry cough,
- swelling and itching of the mucous membranes.
The main symptoms: redness of the eyeballs and conjunctiva, photophobia, profuse tear. Dermatitis and various rashes form on the skin. With an allergy to parrots in children, the temperature can rise, health can worsen, as during a cold. Difficulty breathing. In severe cases, the sense of smell disappears, attacks of headache and nosebleeds begin. There is a risk of bronchial asthma.
Exacerbation of symptoms does not occur immediately after the acquisition of the parrot, but with regular communication with the pet. This is facilitated by the necessary activities: cleaning the cage, training the bird. The sensitivity of the human body increases during molting of the parrot.
Allergic reaction options
Allergies to a parrot can be expressed in different ways. People have an individual reaction to allergens: one suffers from skin rashes, the other suffers from a runny nose, the third does not give rest itching and a feeling of sand in the eyes. Often, several symptoms appear simultaneously or alternately. The most severe complication is alveolitis, an extreme stage of intolerance.
With allergies, a change in the skin on the face or hands is observed. The rash is in the form of spots, papules, blisters. Individual spot redness on the skin can merge into large areas. The characteristic features of allergies include pinkish elevations on the skin, vesicles filled with a clear liquid. The number and volume of rashes increases with scratching. In this case, a secondary infection may join, and purulent structures appear.
An allergy to birds in a mild form does not bring much harm to health, but only with timely relief of attacks. However, there is a chance of complications. Alveolitis is a dangerous disease that develops under the guise of rhinitis and conjunctivitis. These are seals on the alveoli that impede the free circulation of air in the human lungs.
Alveolitis is characterized by three stages:
Chronic alveolitis is an alternation of calm periods with bouts of exacerbation.
The mechanism of the onset of the disease is that the allergen molecules are not retained by the villi in the nose, but enter the lungs with a stream of inhaled air. The disease is accompanied by symptoms similar to those that occur with bacterial pneumonia:
- lingering cough
- attacks of shortness of breath and suffocation,
- muscle spasms.
Gradually, the alveolar tissue is replaced by connective, and this process is irreversible. Complete disposal of alveolitis is possible, but only if contact with the allergen is excluded.
To facilitate well-being, an allergic person should take antihistamines:
You can remove inflammation from the eyes with the help of drops of Okumetil. The skin rash is removed with special ointments like Fenistil gel or Skin-Cap cream. Get rid of the common cold by means of sprays and drops: Xylometazoline, Fenistil. Part of the comprehensive treatment are hormonal drugs prescribed by an allergist.
At the first suspicion that you or children are allergic to birds, you must eliminate the source of the disease. A parrot will have to give or sell to someone. If in doubt and cherish a pet, temporarily place it in a shelter. When the cause of the disease is established, a final decision can be made.
Having stopped communicating with the bird, you need to remove all the attributes used to keep it, and sanitize the apartment:
- wash curtains, bedding, bedspreads,
- shake mattresses, blankets, pillows,
- thoroughly clean covers and upholstered furniture,
- wash and dry carpets, rugs,
- wipe all surfaces with a liquid cleaner
- ventilate the room.
It is advisable that people who do not have allergies do the cleaning. The patient should temporarily move to another apartment.
What is the danger to children
The presence of allergies to parrots in children is detected faster than in adults. Children's immunity is unstable: an allergen instantly spreads throughout the body. Protein immediately enters the lower parts of the lungs, an acute form of allergy is manifested. Respiratory function is impaired, lack of oxygen is felt.
The child begins to chill, shortness of breath appears, and then he feels weak, quickly gets tired. The limbs become cyanotic due to oxygen starvation. Lung volume is reduced, and this is fraught with serious consequences. Treatment is started immediately. It may even require surgery and a long recovery.
How to find out if there is an allergy to parrots
If any member of the family has an allergy of any kind, a progressing pathology can lead to intolerance of contact with parrots. In order not to have to part with your favorite pet, you should know in advance whether there may be an allergy to birds in your family.
Use every opportunity to talk with a parrot: go to visit friends who have birds, visit contact zoos, take your child to the living corners of schools and kindergartens. One visit is not enough - it is advisable to contact the bird for several weeks, the only way to find out if you are allergic.
If there is reason for an examination, do not neglect it. It is necessary to pass special tests for allergens. In addition, other methods are used: blood test, sputum examination. In case of detection of the possibility of an allergic reaction, it is recommended to refuse to purchase a parrot. Even if the pet lives in a separate room, there is no guarantee that you or your children will not have an allergy.
If, according to the results of the analyzes, it turns out that the body is tolerant to the antigen protein, you can get an exotic bird. Particular attention should be paid to the prevention of allergies: regularly remove garbage, droppings and crumbled down, often ventilate the room and mop the floor. Allergies to birds are among the intractable diseases, so you need to evaluate all the risks before buying a bright, sociable parrot.