Description and features of kohii
This is a slender, small (usually less than a meter high) fluffy shrub, attributed to the Marevs subfamily. Kohiya It is interesting for its unusually narrow leaves, which, on a superficial look, are so similar to needles that many mistakenly take it for a prickly coniferous fauna.
However, the appearance is deceptive, because the fresh, tender shoots to the touch are very pleasant and soft. People called for this quality. kohiyu – broom grass, making from her twigs beautiful bath brooms.
The birthplace of the plant is China, it was in this ancient country that a significant number of varieties of this flora were bred, several centuries ago brought to Europe by the German professor Koch, which gave rise to the name.
The plant immediately attracted the attention of gardeners with its originality, as well as its ability to change the color of leaves as it grows. As you can see on photo of kohii, young plants are covered with emerald, light green leaves.
However, after only a few months, the color scheme changes radically, taking on pink, raspberry and other shades. On the cochia cypress looks like a clear pyramidal crown shape. In addition, as it turned out, the shrub painlessly undergoes pruning, regaining its lost splendor in a very short time.
Excellent decorative properties, which give room for creative imagination of designers, have become the reason for the active cultivation of this flora in many countries and parts of the world for a long period.
Modern gardeners use a rapidly growing, densely branching shrub to decorate flower beds, borders and fences, in landscape design kohiya extremely in demand. This plant can be annual and perennial.
It looks great, planted in boxes and pots exposed in front of the house. In the flower beds it goes well with snapdragon, asters, fragrant tobacco, marigolds and other summer flowers. When planting bushes at an insignificant distance, a wonderful fluffy hedge is obtained from them.
The appearance of a plant that takes in the fall, depending on the variety, yellow, pink, purple, bronze and crimson-red shades, it becomes only better in this cool season. And cut and dried branches can serve as a wonderful material for composing winter compositions in bouquets of designers.
Summer kohiyu cypress they are called in common people, in the scientific literature - bassia. Silkworm caterpillars are fed with leaves of the plant. Flora is also famous for the healing properties that have long been used in Chinese medicine to relieve itching and heat.
Nowadays, for the manufacture of medicinal infusions and decoctions, an inconspicuous and inconspicuous-looking one is used. kohii flower, as well as leaves and stems of the culture, its fruits and seeds.
These drugs are used for a variety of diseases, and without any contraindications. Ointments from the elements of the plant treat skin and nail diseases. From the leaves of cochia an extremely useful soup is prepared, by the way.
Planting and breeding cohia
This plant is characterized by extremely fast reproduction. The growth force, embedded in the seeds, is quite sufficient for self-seeding of the bush, and germination when growing kohii very high, almost one hundred percent, which makes the cultivation of this plant extremely convenient and feasible even for inexperienced gardeners.
However, those wishing to get hold of it on their site should be ensured that the planting material does not expire, because it should be stored for no more than one and a half years.
In the open ground kohiya landed in May days, it is better if at the very beginning of the month. However, it all depends on the vagaries of the weather, because you should choose the right time when the frost completely recedes and can no longer damage the heat-loving flora.
Kokhiya does not tolerate temperature extremes, and in the future it should be borne in mind that prolonged autumn frosts can destroy the plant. Since the shrub grows and develops quickly enough, it is possible to sow much later than previously indicated, but only until mid-June.
First, seedlings should be grown on a site specially designated for temporary placement. And only then move the plants to a place of constant growth. No special tricks in successful science growing cochia from seeds does not exist.
It is enough that the seed, which needs only to be slightly pressed down, but not sprinkled on top with a layer of earth, blocking access to the fertile rays of the sun, just touches the moist soil. And then the nature and strength of the plant themselves will do their job.
After the planted area is covered with a transparent film to create inside it greenhouse conditions and protect the shoots from the cold. This shelter is removed after a couple of weeks with the arrival of real heat, and the exact period varies depending on the weather conditions.
After emergence and strengthening of seedlings, the shoots are thinned out, while between the shoots there is a distance in the length of the human hand. When the height of the seedlings reaches 15 cm, they should be transplanted to a place designated for continuous growth.
Seeds buy kohii it is possible in specialized stores, if any special varieties are required, information for acquiring them can be easily found on the Internet.
Sowing is possible in late autumn. It is also important here to correctly guess the time, it is better shortly before the onset of frost, but not before the seeds do not have time to germinate, otherwise they will die in the winter.
At the same time, planting material is laid out on shallow grooves prepared in advance in fertile and loose soil, and in this case they should be sprinkled with a thin earth layer (the sun's rays during this period will not be useful, and future plants need protection from cold and wind).
It happens that the owner of a cottage or garden plot in the spring has a desire to please himself and the surrounding delicate emerald leaves of this decorative plant as early as possible.
When to plant cohia seeds in this case? You should do this in April, even in March. In this case, future plants are first grown indoors in boxes or containers.
This process should begin with the preparation of the soil, in which river sand, humus and peat are added. In this case, the seeds simply pour out into shallow grooves, and the box on top is covered with a transparent film to create, growing inside the shoots, a suitable environment with diffused lighting.
After the container, the soil in which in the future should be regularly moistened, is placed in a warm place in the room. It is better not to put the box directly on the windowsill, but when the sprouts appear, they should provide good lighting by moving the window closer to the sunlight. If the shoots with an unexpectedly intensive growth begin to stretch too much, it is better to cut the tops.
After some time, seedlings that have reached a length of about 7 cm are transplanted directly into the ground in separate pots. In this case, you should proceed carefully so that the roots of young plants are not damaged.
Then they should be regularly watered, not forgetting to feed them with nitrogen fertilizers. On the street, the shoots of kohii are best planted at a time when the seedlings are about 15 cm long.
But first, on the site, you should prepare the soil, loosening it, adding a little ash and sand. The interval between plants during the final planting depends on the decorative purposes of growing flora.
To create a fluffy fence, it should be about 20 cm. If the gardener wants to emphasize the beauty of each of the bushes, then the distance between them should be slightly larger. A great idea is to grow this flora in flower pots, homemade kohiya able to significantly decorate rooms and verandas.
This plant is unpretentious, in fact, it requires minimal care. The main thing is that he should be regular and, above all, competent. The healthy appearance of decorative fluffy bushes depends on this, which will surely betray the original look of lawns, gardens and personal plots, for the decoration of which they are bred. Knowledge of the intricacies of how to grow kohiyawill greatly facilitate the matter.
It should be remembered that the plant tolerates a lack of moisture, and natural precipitation can be enough for a healthy full growth.
However, watering, which should be reasonably regulated, is an important component in the process of caring for cochia, so it is better if the saturation of the soil with moisture is relatively frequent, and watering is at least weekly.
And again, making up the regime, it is necessary not to be too zealous, allowing stagnation of water on the site, which is much more dangerous than a prolonged drought. So that the soil always remains moist with relatively infrequent watering, you can apply mulching with decorative stones, gravel or bark.
The shrub grows well in light shading. But still it’s better to choose for planting kohii the place is brighter, there the conditions for the development of the plant will be more favorable.
For the haircut, as already mentioned, the flora is very adapted, and this procedure does not create problems, giving all the opportunities to practice for beginning gardeners.
Kokhiya is convenient for giving her bizarre, even fantastic forms. At the same time, a plant without pruning can very quickly stretch to a length of more than a meter.
After cutting, the vegetative system can be restored in a short time, and mineral fertilizers with a predominance of nitrogen help to grow leaves on the bush, which again has a beneficial effect on the appearance and beauty of the ornamental plant.
In general, the first top dressing should be done ten days after germination of seedlings. Next, the procedure must be repeated in the period of active growth in a month or a little more.
Species and varieties of kohii
There are about eight dozen subspecies in the cochian family, but some of them are especially common and known. All of them are unpretentious and differ among themselves mainly in the height and shape of the bushes, as well as in the color of the leaves in the autumn. Decorative subspecies in most are annuals.
The most popular and widely used for decorating landscapes is cochia coronet or kohiya broom. The plant is characterized by a spherical shape of bushes, which become burgundy red by autumn.
This culture is suitable for cultivation in countries with a temperate climate, as it is able to withstand frost and minor frosts, which makes it possible to enjoy the beauty of its appearance until late autumn.
Hairy kohiya - a slender and high grade, with narrow leaves lowered down, acquiring a burgundy color as they develop. Kohiya jade attractive by unusually fast growth and convenient for creating, by means of a haircut, an artistic sculptor from bushes.
This decorative subspecies is considered thermophilic, but can grow without problems in areas with depleted soil. The childs variety is a low-growing, rounded-shaped bushes that delight with green foliage throughout the entire season.
Perennial kohii little used in decorative floriculture, but some are highly valued as fodder crops. One of these subspecies is isen. Shrub growing to a height of not more, or even less than 50 cm.
Branching at the base, it has the characteristic feature of spreading over the earth. The plant takes powerful roots underground. Its flowers are small, seemingly completely unprepossessing, and seeds are ripening in them by the end of summer.
The culture is rich in nutrients, it is quite productive, it adapts well and grows in areas with a cold or, conversely, arid climate. This promising forage crop, but also used to decorate landscapes. Most often landed on sunny flower beds or rocky alpine slides.
Diseases and pests of kohii
Landing and care behind kohiiAs it turned out, this is a simple matter. Interestingly, various kinds of pests rarely attack the plant, which is another good news and convenience, especially for inexperienced gardeners. For some reason, parasites do not like this plant, and diseases also bypass.
However, it may well turn out that the owners of the sites breeding this plant will one day discover that a spider mite has developed on pretty, delicate bushes.
To combat this parasite, it is quite possible to use an insecticide such as Nero, the treatment of which should be done immediately. To do this, you need to make a weak solution in a concentration of 1 ml of the product per liter of water. Most often, just one spraying is enough to solve the problem in its entirety.
Seedlings of kohii it is not infrequently affected by the so-called "black leg" - a fungal disease in which the lower bases of the stems blacken, which may result in the death of the plant.
Good prevention from this is the soil treatment with manganese solution or ash. If seedlings grow in the container in the room, then it is better to move it to where the room temperature is slightly lower.
As you can conclude, growing a plant that resembles a delicate cloud, once brought from the blessed East, brings more pleasure than hassle.
And the beauty of cheerful multi-colored small bushes growing in warm time in the garden, and in winter in flower pots, will create a wonderful mood for the whole year.
Cochia can be grown from seeds in two ways, each of which has its own advantages.
- Through the seedlings.
- Sowing seeds directly into the ground.
Seedlings will enter vegetation earlier, take shape faster and acquire a decorative look. Sown in the ground will grow more slowly, but their resistance to diseases and weather will be higher.
There are many varieties of kohii today. They may not vary very much, but can dramatically - by the height, color of the leaves, their shape.
Although, the plant is characterized in that almost any shape can be given to its bush. This, of course, is not boxwood, but among annuals, kohiya is definitely a haircut leader and can even serve as an excellent base for creating topiary.
By the way, some varieties of summer cypress have green, cheerful leaves that blush rapidly with the onset of autumn days. Some species have rather pale foliage, but later it becomes blood red. There are varieties with foliage of a usual grassy shade, which will turn orange by autumn.
Seeding for seedlings
Since the plant is used for decorative purposes, it is best and most convenient to grow it with seedlings. Seedlings ready for planting can be easily moved to the planned place, thus creating a design quickly and for sure.
The timing of sowing summer cypress for seedlings will depend on climatic features. In the middle lane, it's time to start sowing in the last March week.
You will need containers whose depth will be 12 cm. It is better not to use a round shape, a square with a minimum side of 25 cm or a rectangle of 20x40 cm is more suitable.
Containers for cohia must be cleaned and disinfected so that seedlings do not die at the beginning of the growing season.For this, the tanks are washed with hot soapy water (without impurities), and then rinsed with a bright solution of potassium permanganate.
You can buy the soil ready, but it is better to prepare it.
- fine fraction peat,
- fine-grained river sand,
- a fifth of crushed humus,
The soil before sowing must be disinfected, as well as seedlings. For this, it is completely prepared, mixed and sifted, it is heated in the oven at a temperature of + 60 ° С, and then it is shed with a solution of potassium permanganate in water heated to + 40 ° С.
Sowing step by step
- Pour prepared soil into prepared containers.
- Smooth the surface of the soil, lightly tamp, moisten well.
- Seeds are not often, but evenly distributed over the surface. Do not dig into the ground.
- Pour a two-millimeter layer of sand over the seeds.
- Moisten the sand from the spray gun so that the entire layer, including seeds, is wet.
- Cover the containers with lutrasil or spanbond and take to a bright room in which a stable temperature is maintained from + 18 ° C to + 20 ° C.
Usually, subject to the temperature and water conditions, the seedlings of summer cypress begin to emerge 8-10 days after the procedure for sowing seeds
So that the summer cypress does not grow ragged and too fluffy, so that the bushes remain compact and neat, seedlings must be dived. Dive is carried out two to three weeks after emergence. By this time, the seedlings should be at least 2 leaves.
A container for a pick is taken personal - pots with a diameter of 10 cm.
Disinfection of containers, preparation and disinfection of soil is carried out in the same way as before sowing seeds.
Three seedlings are placed in each container in order to later remove the weak and stronger ones for planting.
After a dive, the plants are given the brightest place, and the temperature and watering schedule remain the same.
Seedlings of summer cypress will have to be fed at least three times before planting. The first time the complex is used for seedlings. Top dressing takes place after a dive, a few days later, during watering.
The second and third time, fertilizing is also carried out by the complex, where nitrogen prevails. This happens two weeks after the previous feeding.
Planting of summer cypress occurs in mid-May, but it is better to wait until the end of the month. The place is preferably sunny, so the plant can "open up" in all its glory. Drafts and winds are excluded - kohii need calm.
The soil will need loose, fertile above average, in no case swampy.
The distance between the seedlings of kohii when planting them in a regular flower garden is observed 30 centimeters. If the plant is planted in the form of a border or a low hedge, no more than 15 centimeters are left between the seedlings.
While the seedlings will take root, they will need enhanced watering. After two weeks, the next feeding should follow the landing. Then you can spend the first haircut, and after this procedure, every time the summer cypress will again need to be fed.
If sow in the ground
A few words about how to sow kohiya immediately in unprotected soil, for those who do not have the desire or ability to grow seedlings.
- Be sure to wait for suitable temperatures - on the day + 18 ° C, and at night no lower than + 12 ° C. Traditionally, this is the month of May.
- The soil on a sunny platform for kohii will have to be thoroughly loosened, crushed lumps, and watered.
- It is better to sow in the morning. Just as in the container - on top. Then sprinkle with sand and cover, but not with a film, but with a non-woven cloth.
To emerge “in the wild” the kohiya will be twice as long, and the shoots can be quite stunted. They need to be thinned at the above distance, depending on the purpose of cultivation, and then fed with a mineral-nitrogen complex.
Kokhiya or summer cypress is an annual, it is necessary to grow it from seeds every year again. Nevertheless, this ornamental plant is worth the effort expended on its cultivation. Lush balls of summer cypress can change and ennoble any landscape.
The natural habitat of the species are the southwestern regions of Russia, Ukraine and the southwestern regions of Asia. Heightdepends on the quality of the substrate. In our zone no more than 150 cm. Bloomfrom July to frost. Flower color, there is no perianth, therefore the yellowish-green color of the anthers affects the color of the flowers. Flowers do not matter, cochia is grown due to its interesting shape. A place, the best place for a bassia broom - a completely sunny place. If you do not care about the pure colors of autumn leaves, the plant can be planted in a semi-shaded place.
Caring for kohiya is not complicated, however, there are two requirements to the soil. The first is the permeability of the soil, the second is the pH of the soil, should not be lower than slightly acidic. On a more acidic ground, a dwarf plant will grow. The acidity of the soil increases, decreases by adding more lime. It is not necessary to add lime in the fall, although this is the best procedure. The plant will cope with other soil factors. It should be noted that the better the place, the more magnificent the plant and more beautifully colored in autumn. Kokhiya planted in direct sunlight during drought requires watering.
Cochia is an ideal plant for formation. Virtually nothing, the formation is no different from trimming a molding yew, juniper or boxwood.
At the end, one remark. Cochia forms a huge amount of seeds. Since it gives self-seeding, and in our climatic conditions, approximately ¾ seeds emerge in the spring. In order not to start the garden, and the thistle is quite resistant to part of the herbicides, there will be nothing left but to manually remove the seedlings.
The number of seeds in one gram is from 1000 to 1100 pieces. Seeds should not be stored for a long time, only 10% will rise in the second year. Cochia can be sown immediately in open ground in May, then break through, or in March, sow in containers. Seeds germinate within 2 weeks. When the seedlings can be safely grabbed with your fingers dive into the pots. From 3 to 5 pieces are planted in one pot. Then get more fluffy bushes.
After planting cohia in open ground, it resumes due to self-sowing. It is necessary to immediately weed self-seeding along with the roots due to a too long root exceeding 2-3 times the height of the plant. After trimming the upper part practically does not create seeds. Only uncircumcised plants are capable of self-sowing.
Kokhiya is used for low hedges, as a background for lower plants, in groups in the middle of the flowerbed, remembering the autumn color, like seasonal figures on the lawn. Successfully can be grown as the highest accent in container compositions.
In addition to decorative applications, seeds are used as food for people, the seeds are so good that they won the title of Earthen caviar. Japanese cooked seeds are called tonburi.
Kohiya is used in traditional Chinese medicine. European studies confirm healing properties. However, the seeds are useful in small quantities, toxic in large quantities.
Kokhiya is used in breeding silkworms. In the branches of the bush are cocoons of pupae.
Seat selection. Kokhiya is an open ground plant. Attempts to grow it in a pot or container are likely to fail. Cochia grows best in sunny places, but also tolerates some shading. She is afraid of cold winds, and if the site is open to all winds, then it is better to make rather dense plantings of kohii. In this case, the plants will protect and support each other.
The soil. Kokhiya prefers non-acidic, light, nutritious humus soils without stagnation of water.
Watering. Frequent watering is a must for this plant. With a lack of moisture, it loses its attractiveness, as the leaves begin to fade and fall.
Top dressing. Once a week, the plant must be fed with liquid fertilizer. This will preserve the bright color of the leaves. If fertilizer is not applied, kohiya will look faded and unhealthy.
Pruning. If the task is to form a beautiful compact bush, then you need to pinch the tops of kohii. With the help of a haircut, it is easy to give it a variety of forms, such as a ball, a cube or make it look like a hedge.
Pests. Juicy greens of kohii attract such a pest as a spider mite. At the first signs of its attack on the plant, it is necessary to carry out the treatment with an appropriate agent.
The plant is propagated by seeds. Seeds are sown in open ground in early May, when there is no longer the threat of spring frost. In March, you can sow seeds for seedlings growing kohii. In this case, the seeds are sown on the surface of the soil. The best air temperature for seed germination and seedling development is 16 ° C. Shoots appear in ten days. First, seedlings grow slowly and poorly. However, by the time of transplantation into the ground, they are already reaching impressive size. Seedlings are determined for a permanent place in open ground after the frosts pass. The distance between small plants after planting should not exceed 50 cm. In the event of an unexpected cold weather, young plants can be covered under paper or plastic caps. Kokhiya gives self-seeding, but in this case, plantings will have to be thinned out so that the plants do not cram one another. Seeds remain viable for two years.
The name "Broom" comes from the fact that the plant was used to make a broom.
In a warmer climate, Kokhiya was introduced intentionally as a fodder plant, or escaped from gardens, became a troublesome weed. After ripening, the plant is easily separated from the roots and, like a dry lump, is carried by the wind, sometimes over considerable distances, given the number of seeds produced, resistance to herbicides causes much trouble to farmers. Few farmers can imagine a weed capable of drowning out corn.
Kokhiya: types and varieties for open ground
Lush bushes-balls always attract attention. Cold-resistant species grows in Europe, North America, Asian countries, Australia. The homeland of Kohia is China.
The people call the plant not only “Summer Cypress”, but also “broom grass”: from flexible, but strong enough, twigs, an excellent basis for a broom is obtained. Trichophyllum is perennials and annuals, cold-resistant species with leaflets that change color throughout the season. There is a view that retains a delicate green tint from spring to autumn.
Spherical cochia (broom variety) has been known since the middle of the 17th century; the German botanist Wilhelm Koch opened the view. Later in scientific works, the plant received a second name - Bassia.
Cochia is often called the “Annual Cypress” because of the similarity of foliage resembling tender, fluffy needles, but Trichophyllus belongs to another family - the Marevs. Sometimes the species is included in the Bassia clan and the Amaranth family, but it has nothing to do with Coniferous plants.
In decorative gardening, cochia broom is most often used:
- cold resistant look
- the plant tolerates drought well
- in cochia broom child, the leaves are constantly green, and in the other species, the Hairless, they change from emerald green to red,
- leaves are thin, pubescent, narrow. The flowers are small, are in spike-shaped inflorescences,
- cochia fruit is a single-seed nutlet. The basis for reproduction is shallow: 1 g contains more than a thousand seeds,
- Bassia is planted in group plantings, to design ceremonial flower beds, like a highlight of a rabatka, in front gardens and mixborders. Borders from Bassia, Topiary, decor for Alpine hills - do not count all the places where trichophyll looks most advantageous,
- Bassia tolerates a haircut: talented gardeners create original “sculptures” from lush bushes.
Hitachi Park in Japan is an amazing place that attracts millions of tourists. In different periods of the year, whole fields of spectacular plants bloom over a large area. Fans of beauty come to festivals where the “main violin” is played: Nemofila, Tulip, Narcissus, Poppy, Sakura, Lily. Kokhii is also given an honorable place in the program: in July, Hitachi Park is decorated with thousands of lush balls with bright greenery, by September, fluffy bushes turn yellowish-orange, and in early October - purple-red. Fields-beds - a fantastic sight! See what Cochia looks like. Photos are impressive!
The main method, good results. The process begins in the first ten days of April and ends in May. Some gardeners sow trichophyll seeds directly into the ground, but the seedling method is suitable for the southern regions, where the spring is warm, and frost stops early. Subject to the rules, seedlings grow actively, plants are strong and healthy. It is important to adjust the temperature and humidity levels in time to avoid the development of the “black leg”.
It is useful to adhere to the rules, follow the recommendations of experienced gardeners. Germination of the planting material is average, but in the mini-greenhouse the period of the “black earth” ends in about 10 days. Then remove the protective coating and properly care for the seedlings.
Features of growing cohia in the first stage:
- watering. Humidification is moderate, from the sides of the container or under each seedling, so that moisture does not form in separate places. The formation of an environment in which fungi develop cannot be allowed. The water is a little warm, always defended,
- temperature. After the appearance of sprouts, the indicators must be reduced to + 12..15 degrees, so that the plants do not stretch so actively and less often suffer from a fungus attacking weak seedlings,
- pick. The procedure is carried out when real leaves are formed on the sprouts: 2-3 pieces. Peat cups or containers made of plastic (from sour cream or yogurt) are used as individual containers. The diameter of the container for kohii is about 10 cm. From 1 to 3 sprouts are planted in each pot. Spike seedlings should be in a bright room. Each week, young cohia is fed with mineral mixtures, up to a transplant to the site.
Location selection and lighting
Bassia grows well in open areas, a slight shadow in the afternoon is acceptable. In Hitachi Park, kohiya is grown in large areas, plants are constantly in the sun, and with proper care there is no risk for narrow leaves. Mulching the plantings saves more moisture, less often watering the bushes-balls.
Bassia is not planted in shaded areas. To decorate areas in the garden and in the country where there is little sun, shade-tolerant and shade-loving herbs, shrubs and shrubs, creepers with dark, dense leaves and some flowers are suitable: Ivy, Hostes, Anemone nemorosa, Ferns, red-brown Geranium, Dicenter, Medunitsa , Spindle tree. You can grow in a dimly lit place Deren white, Hawthorn, Weigela early, Hydrangea, some species of Fir.
Often you do not need to add liquid to the soil: Trichophyllum does not tolerate waterlogging of the substrate. In the absence of drought, it is not necessary to water the bush-balls more often than once a month. Additional hydration is necessary during the rooting period of young plants and, if there is no rain for a long period. Mulching and loosening reduce the likelihood of a dense crust and salinization of the soil.
Fertilizer and fertilizer
In June-July, complex fertilizers are necessarily applied. The compositions should have a sufficient concentration of nitrogen for the active growth of greens, potassium, magnesium and phosphorus for the release of buds and the proper development of cohia. Decorative foliage must be fed after decorative pruning.
It is useful, if necessary, to water the “Annual cypress” with succinic acid or biologics Phytosporin, Epin, Zircon, which reduce the stress level after transplanting or cutting. To scare away pests, garlic tincture, a decoction of onion peels or a product based on orange peels is suitable.
Care during and after flowering
Kokhiya is a decorative and deciduous species, the buds of a plant are plain and small, they do not differ in decorativeness. The main attention is drawn to the lush, delicate foliage of spectacular shades: emerald green, yellow-orange, purple. For this reason, it is not advisable to remove the faded elements, as in shrubs with spectacular buds, species: Azalea, Kerria, Japanese Quince, Forzition, Barberry, Spirea.
Kokhiya is an excellent basis for creating original landscape forms on the site. “Annual cypress” tolerates decorative pruning well, and at the request of the grower, not only bushes, balls, but also pyramids, cubes, ovals, plants of other interesting forms, even fantastic ones, appear on the site. Hygienic pruning is performed as necessary: do not ignore patients, weak twigs or stems with traces of infections.
Pest and disease protection
The main problem at the seedling stage is the development of a dangerous disease called the "black leg". Rotting begins in the zone of the root neck with excessive watering, a combination of dampness and low temperatures, and swamping of the "heavy" soil. Improper arrangement of the drainage layer or the absence of holes in the bottom of the container also interfere with the free outflow of liquid from the soil after watering the seedlings.
It’s easy to prevent a problem:
- after the formation of seedlings, reduce the room temperature to +15 degrees,
- before planting seeds, it is imperative to treat the soil with disinfectants (potassium permanganate solution) or fungicides,
- moderate watering seedlings, to prevent stagnation of water in the container.
With the development of the "black leg":
- remove damaged seedlings,
- sprinkle with perlite, charcoal or calcined fine sand to the surface of the soil to remove excess moisture,
- with the active spread of the disease, thorough treatment is carried out using fungicides. Antifungal agents are used according to the instructions,
- For better treatment of damaged elements, reducing the risk of developing new spores, not only greens are treated, but also soil in the growth zone. The same rule applies to the control of fungus in adult shrubs,
- effective drugs for the treatment of mycoses: Fundazole, Bordeaux fluid, Skor, Fitosporin,
- It is important to protect the body from chemicals.
Autumn care and wintering
Ornamental deciduous, annual plant can not be saved for the second season. In autumn, wilted bushes are cut, disposed of, the site is carefully dug up so that larvae of harmful insects freeze out during the cold season. If fungal infections are detected, it is useful to treat the empty area with a solution of potassium permanganate or fungicides.
Kohiya in landscape design
"Annual cypress" planted:
- in the front flower beds
- in the front gardens
- when decorating the lawn,
- to create interesting compositions in combination with beautifully blooming views,
- when creating the topiary,
- for the design of low hedges,
- as decoration of an alpine hill,
- when forming a curtain,
- for decorating rockeries,
- when creating original elements of natural decor near the playground, shopping center, park or square,
- in elite gardens with exquisite landscape design and elegant compositions.
When planting the cochia coronaria, they take into account which variety is needed: Hairy, with colorful leaves throughout the season or Childes, in which bright greenery pleases the eye from the beginning of summer until the onset of cold weather. Interesting compositions are obtained by combining two varieties on one site.
Kokhiya belongs to unpretentious plants. The shrub differs in an oval neat shape. How to grow an original bush on the site and how to care for it? The answer in the following video:
I have light soils in my country house, I sowed directly into the ground (more likely there is more sand than soil in the ground in this area) at the end of May. The north side of the site open to all winds. I poured a whole bag of Cohia on 5 meters in one row, I got 15 pieces. I took it out and planted it as I wanted it in a row somewhere around the end of June. Yes, and I forgot. All summer no problem: growing up and growing. They did not grow large, but the furry row with a height of 70 cm stood until November.