Genital oncology is diagnosed in both adults and young individuals of both sexes.
Diseases are difficult to diagnose and treat, and in the absence of known causes of the disease, prevention is only partially possible.
However, this does not mean that the owners should give up - an experienced veterinarian will help to transfer the disease easier and improve the quality of life of a feathered one.
Symptoms of neoplasms
Genital neoplasms in females are common, and it is very difficult to identify them at an early stage.
There are frequent cases when the cause of death is established only after opening.
Oncology of the testes is often diagnosed in budgies.
They begin to squeeze the internal organs and primarily the intestines, as a result of which feces are rarely released, but in large volumes.
At the last stage, bowel obstruction occurs, leading to death.
Cancer of the testes can be caused by female sex hormones. This is evidenced by a change in the color of the waxen in males from blue to brown, which helps the doctor identify the disease.
Tumors that have reached large sizes cause a protrusion of the abdomen. Parrot sitting, arched back.
Call an ornithologist at home around the clock
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Then do not put off the call in the veterinary center - call the veterinarian and he will come home at a time convenient for you.
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Departure is carried out around the clock in Moscow and Moscow region.
What gives you the service of visiting an ornithologist at home:
- comfort for the feathered one, who always endures trips and meetings with strangers,
- an opportunity to get help for seriously sick birds,
- reasonable prices and convenient options for paying for the work of a veterinarian,
- professional advice on the care, maintenance, feeding of a pet,
- Reception for all birds living with you.
Particular attention is paid to urgent calls when a doctor is needed here and now.
In such situations, the ambulance team leaves immediately and does everything to save the pet.
If you cannot help on the spot, at the request of the owner, hospitalization is carried out in a hospital where further treatment is carried out.
Do not despair even with such a serious illness as a genital tumor.
Our experts will select effective therapy and will do everything possible to endorse the situation and extend the life of your beloved friend.
To receive qualified advice, make an appointment or call a veterinarian at your address, call the telephone numbers listed on the website or write an e-mail.
The pathology that is most common in domestic parrots. The nature of the tumor is benign, but often over time degenerates into a malignant form. A lipoma can form anywhere on the body, in the subcutaneous layer, and at the initial stage it looks like a small ball of light yellow or yellow-brown hue. A distinctive feature is the detachment to the place and the ability to move around the body.
In four to five months, the cone can grow to a state in which it will prevent the bird from flying, sitting on the perch and defecating. In this regard, the parrot will be in a depressed state. It is possible to determine the nature of a tumor in a clinical setting using a biopsy of the affected tissue. If the cone of the parrot under the tail stopped moving in the subcutaneous space and a vascular pattern appeared on it, then it degenerated into a cancerous incurable form.
Practice shows that initially the lipoma is completely treatable, and the sooner the owner of the bird finds it, the more likely it is that the tumor development process will either slow down or the cone will disappear completely.
The following drugs are used for treatment.
- Against lipomas in the initial stage, L-kartin 10% concentration is used, which helps to normalize fat metabolism and promotes resorption of the cone.
- For an advanced disease, the following are effective: Karsil, Lipoic acid, Elkar - purchased in a pharmacy for people, as well as Mexidol for injection, Emicidin in tablets, Lipomin - sold in veterinary clinics.
The drug treatment regimen involves a long course in which the sequence of administration and dietary intake are observed.
- Daily for a month: “Karsil” - sprinkled with steamed porridge with the first crushed tablet, “Elkar” - 1 drop in its beak, “Lipoic acid” - dilute a quarter of the tablet in 50 ml of water, “Lipomin” according to the instructions.
- Starting from the 5th day: “Emitsidin” - crushed quarter tablets are added to the feed for 10 days, then the dose is reduced by half.
- As soon as there is visible decrease in the tumor, usually on the 10-14th day of therapy, then “Mexidol” is added to the reception, 1 drop of solution daily in the beak. Composition: 1 drop of the drug per 10 ml of water. Duration of admission is 10 days, after - a break of two weeks. Repetition of the course is not required if the bump is significantly reduced.
- With positive dynamics, after a month they begin to give “Tsamax” according to the instructions and stop taking the main drugs until the tumor disappears completely.
In most cases, this scheme gives a high percentage of cure for lipoma. If a positive result is not observed, then an alternative method of treatment is only surgical removal, the result of which is unpredictable.
Another common cause for a parrot to have a bump under its tail is a xanthoma. There is no consensus on the causes of the disease. Most believe that excessively fatty foods and an abundance of vitamin supplements lead to this neoplasm.
A tumor of this type is distinguished by a bright yellow color and a pronounced vascular pattern. It often happens that an externally manifested xanthoma covers up a lipoma, acquiring a lipomo-xanthoma form of the disease. The location on the body of the bird can be any, including under the tail.
This disease requires surgical removal. To establish an accurate diagnosis, it is necessary to perform a histological examination of the affected tissues.
A bump appeared under the tail of a parrot photo
Among other reasons that can provoke a tumor in the budgerigar on the priest, can be distinguished:
- Hernia. It manifests itself in the form of a stretching of the peritoneum in females and is provoked by numerous egg laying. Outwardly, the hernia looks like stretched skin, which does not cause the bird to feel pain, but interferes with movement. It is treated surgically and only in large breeds of parrots.
- Hypertrophy of the cornea. Such a tumor is accompanied by a change in the color of the area near the nostrils, it becomes unnatural: dark brown in females and brown in males. The cause of the disease and cones in the genital area are often hormonal changes and can go into squamous cell carcinoma. The disease is practically incurable.
It should be noted that, according to statistics, tumors in the priest of parrots result in improper feeding and a sedentary lifestyle. This provokes diseases of the internal organs, which, indirectly, contributes to the development of external neoplasms.
The diagnosis of cancer is made after examining the cells obtained using the biopsy method, a special smear is made and sent for cytology. The smear is stained with special paints and looked under the microscope. The cytologist immediately sees a difference in the structure of diseased cells compared to healthy ones. Cancer cells are irregular in shape and size, irregular arrangement. They also multiply faster, which leads to the growth of cancerous tumors.
Tumors can be benign or malignant. If the tumor is malignant, it can give distant metastases to other organs and tissues. If, according to the results of cytology, the tumor is malignant, then an X-ray of the lungs and, if possible, ultrasound of the liver are made (places where metastases most often appear). If there are metastases, then the prognosis is poor, and most often nothing can be done.
Ultrasound is used to diagnose tumors in the abdominal cavity, and radiography and endoscopy can also be used.
Causes of malignant neoplasms in indoor birds
There is no single answer to the question of why some birds develop cancer, while others do not. Neoplasms can be the result of a mutation in the bird's DNA chain, which leads to the development of mutated cells. Some experts believe that the so-called passive smoking of indoor birds is a significant factor, but there are no reliable studies on this topic. It is also believed that the age of the bird plays a role - the older the parrot, the more likely it will develop a tumor.
Violations in the cell structure in birds sometimes cause certain viral infections. For example, a parrot suffering from papillomas caused by the herpes virus is prone to cancer of the pancreas and bile ducts, and the papillomas themselves can become malignant.
Most often, indoor birds get lipomas (tumors of adipose tissue), papillomas, fibrosarcoma (cancer of the connective tissue), which is localized on the wing or foot. This disease most often affects budgerigars, macaws, Australian parrots and some other species. Lymphosarcomas, internal tumors of the kidneys or gonads are also common. In this case, the lameness of a bird may become the first sign of a tumor. This is because very often the tumor involves the nerves of the corresponding side of the body.
Some types of tumors (semenomas) cause excessive production of hormones of the opposite sex. Then, say, a male budgie suddenly acquires a brown wax, while normally it should be blue and vice versa.
In general, budgies are most prone to various neoplasms.
The treatment is very similar to that prescribed for a certain form of cancer and other animals. Large tumors are removed surgically. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are also performed. When a tumor is found on an extremity, most often it is removed in whole or in part, while the bird, as a rule, perfectly adapts to be controlled with one paw.
Pay attention to any changes in the behavior of the bird: its appetite (good, bad, vomiting), repeated diarrhea, lethargy, weakness, difficulty in swallowing, weight loss, bleeding, sudden lameness.
The message that your winged pet has cancer can be quite painful, but do not immediately think that this is a verdict to the bird. Many parrots successfully recover after a course of treatment and live quite a long time. Here, the most important is early diagnosis. Inspect your parrot more often, probe your skin. If you suspect a tumor, contact a specialist as soon as possible.
Maratkanova Polina Borisovna,
Exotic Animal Specialist, Surgeon
Veterinary Center Pride
Types of budgerigar tumors
Why scream a budgie? This question often torments novice breeders. Often the reason lies in a serious illness. The budgerigar lipoma near the tail is a neoplasm that causes discomfort and pain. Here are some more tumors that may bother a small bird:
- swelling of the esophagus. It leads to narrowing of the esophagus, which provokes irritation of the mucous membrane. The birds develop vomiting, coughing and shortness of breath. She is not able to eat solid food. Urgent medical attention needed
- liver lipoma. The appearance of the pet, very tousled. It’s not active, and the feathers on the abdomen begin to fall out,
- swelling of the kidneys. Exhausted appearance and chronic intestinal upset are the main symptoms of a tumor of this organ,
- thyroid inflammation. The first sign is the appearance of shortness of breath. Birds are increasingly wide open by the beak. Soon her feathers fade and begin to fall out,
- oviduct and ovary. Most often benign. Symptoms are shortness of breath, diarrhea and swelling,
- lymphocytic leukemia. A big minus is the absence of obvious symptoms at an early stage. After a certain period, the development of anemia is noticed. The parrot falls into a state of stupor.
What does a lipoma look like in a budgie? Photos of the disease are terrifying. That is why it is important when the formation of minor lumps or inflammatory areas, consult a veterinarian. Timely treatment will save the life of a feathered friend.