South America, streams of the river Peru and Bolivia
5.00 - 8.00
5.00 - 15.00
23.00 - 27.00
2.00 - 3.00
Attitude to plants
Plants are needed
Very nice moving exotic fish unusual body shape. Thanks to its developed pectoral muscles, the Carnegiels can quickly and powerfully work with pectoral fins, which allows them to glide along the surface of the water. Their flights may be accompanied by buzzing. These fish are capable of flying up to five meters long.
Sexual dimorphism is mild. Females have a slightly larger belly.
The contour of the back is almost flat. From the eye to the caudal stem, a dark stripe runs along the back. Body color is light, from yellowish-green to transparent, shining under oblique light like mercury. The pectoral fins are well developed and extend from the back to the dorsal fin; they are used for jumping and gliding over water. Abdominal barely noticeable. The dorsal fin, with a small dark spot, is shifted far back.
The smallest fish in the family.
Schooling fish, it is advisable to keep groups of five or more. Recommended aquarium neighbors: discus, angelfish, tetra, zebrafish, parsing, livestock, peaceful catfish.
Despite the fact that they were first brought to Europe in 1912, their popularity among aquarists is not too great, perhaps because the fish is very shy and stressed, and maybe because they look inconspicuous in bright light. The content is quite demanding fish, but it is also very difficult to call it. The water in the aquarium must be of high quality, enriched with oxygen. Even for small species, the presence of a strong current is very important, otherwise the fish quickly grow fat and die.
The surface of the water in the aquarium should have areas with floating plants, so that the fish feel comfortable enough. The aquarium must be closed, as the Carnegiels are excellent jumpers. It is advisable to fill the aquarium with water no more than two-thirds, so that the fish can “fly” without hitting the lid of the aquarium.
In good conditions, they live in aquariums for 7-8 years.
Feeding does not cause problems, willingly take food from the surface of the water, but from the bottom they practically do not pick it up. They eat both live (flies, small cockroaches) and dry food. But live feed must be included in the diet, otherwise the life expectancy of the fish is reduced.
To induce carnegiels to spawn, they need to be plentifully fed with frozen and live food, the water should be soft and slightly acidic, and noticeably colored from the introduced peat extract. Water temperature - 26ºС.
In spawning, there should be enough small-leaved and floating plants, where producers spawn eggs in small portions (1-4 each). It is advisable not to close the bottom with anything, so that it is easier to maintain cleanliness. After spawning, parents are sedimented. Larvae emerge after 30 hours. Starting feed - infusoria, rotifers. Feed often. Daily water changes are needed.
These aquarium fish susceptible to ichthyophthyroidism.
Labidochromis yellow love large volumes. For them, companies of 3-4 females and a male need to purchase an aquarium from 100 liters. To observe funny habits and games of a flock of hummingbird cichlids, you need a capacity of 200-300 liters. For such cases, a straight rectangular aquarium is suitable.
The aquarium is filled with settled water with medium hardness and a slightly alkaline reaction. These fish feel best at a temperature of 24-26 degrees.
The aquatic environment in the aquarium with labidochromeis yellow should be clean - a powerful external filter is installed in the tank to clean it, and a compressor is installed for aeration. An excess of ammonia and nitrates should not be allowed - these cichlids do not tolerate their presence in water.
Soil and decor
The bottom of the aquarium with labidochromis yellow is covered with sandy soil. You need to decorate the fish habitat so that the aquarium conditions resemble natural ones. Stone aquariums, ravines and grottoes are arranged in the aquarium. Yellow fish mostly swim at the bottom, protecting their caves and obsolete territorial showdowns.
In the wild, labidochromis yellow, like all cichlids, eat insects. When kept in an aquarium, fish absorb any kind of feed - both live and dry.
To saturate fish with a variety of nutrients, diversity is introduced into their diet. It is recommended to use feed for African cichlids. With great caution, they give small portions of bloodworm and tubule, since fish can die from these goodies.
The difference between a female and a male
It is difficult to trace sexual dimorphism of labidochromis yellow. The female and male hummingbird cichlids are colored almost identically. In males, the body is colored more intensely, the fins on the abdomen and near the anus are black. The fin on the back is also painted black and has a golden fringing. This dark line in matured yellow ends with a black mask and goes to the abdomen. Brown spots appear between the eyes and near the mouth opening in males.
The ventral and anal fins of females are usually yellow.
Labidochromis yellow is also unpretentious in breeding. Fish belong to spawning, but for this process absolutely no special conditions are needed.
Hummingbird cichlids become sexually mature after 7-8 months and spawn directly in the general aquarium. At the first spawning, no more than 8-10 eggs are released; an older female gives about 30 pieces.
For effective spawning, a group of fish of 3-5 females and one male is sufficient. In anticipation of the offspring, the temperature of the water in the aquarium is increased by 2-3 degrees.
The male is the site to lay eggs. Sometimes he digs a hole for eggs or cleans the surface of the stone in a cozy place. Females spawn eggs on the prepared spot, which is immediately fertilized by the male. Spawning lasts from 40 minutes to 1 hour.
After fertilization, the female collects eggs and hides them in her mouth. Fertilized caviar enters a special throat sac. In such an incubator, eggs last for almost a month. After emergence from the eggs, the fry live in the mother’s mouth for a few more days. Throughout this period, the female eats nothing.
Babies leave the mother's mouth with already formed fish, their size then is from 2 to 3 mm. The female takes care of them for about 7 days. With such care, fry grow up smart and cautious. In the aquarium, it is worth taking care of shelters where kids could hide from the large inhabitants of the aquarium.
From the first days of life, the fry are given crushed dry food and live dust.
Often, labidochromis yellow occurs poisoning. The abdomen swells in a diseased fish; it breathes heavily and quickly. The cause of the disease is bacteria that can enter the fish organism with poor-quality live food.
To treat poisoning, a certain amount of methylene blue is added to the aquarium water. The disease is treated poorly, usually the fish dies.
Often, due to misunderstandings between males, fish can be injured. Sometimes injuries occur due to collisions with decor items in the aquarium. Typically, lesions on the fish’s body heal without external intervention. When a wound is infected, the fish becomes lethargic and hides in a shelter. In this case, it is advisable to use antifungal drugs and antibiotics.
In dirty stagnant water or stress, fin rot can occur in fish. The disease begins with the appearance of a whitish coating on the edges of the fins and gradually spreads throughout the body.
When the first symptoms of the disease appear, the affected fish is quarantined in a separate aquarium. Usually the disease goes away by itself. If the disease is started, use the antipar drug.
Pathogenic bacteria that accidentally enter the aquarium with soil or a serving of food can cause tuberculosis. A sick fish begins to lose weight and bulges eyes. Unfortunately, it is impossible to cure a pet.
The fish with tuberculosis is removed, the aquarium is washed and disinfected, the soil and plants are completely changed
Ichthyophtorosis manifests itself in the form of small white dots that occur on the body and fins of the fish. The cause of the disease are ciliary ciliates.
To get good treatment results, a solution of diamond greens is added to the water with sick fish every day (0.9 g of the drug per 1 liter of water). After 7 days after the start of treatment, ½ volume of water is replaced.
The vitality of labidochromeis yellow is simply amazing. The fry of this fish survive even in an aquarium with aggressive neighbors.
Prices for labidochromeis yellow are relatively low, but the fish will leave many pleasant moments with its beauty and original habits.
Yellow fish love to dig in the ground. So do not be surprised if during the night the aquarium decor items change their usual places.
The owners of labidochromis yellow noticed that if you keep the young of this fish from the first days of life in an aquarium with algae, they get used to it and do not destroy it.
The diet of flare epiplates
Special attention should be paid to the diet. epiplatis. The fact is that they ignore the pipe-maker, and bloodworms can be difficult to match in size. Therefore, it is necessary to resort to a rather laborious operation - sorting and small drying of bloodworms. In addition, fish can be given a small coretra, sometimes cyclops and daphnia. It should be remembered that this is a typical insectivorous fish and therefore small insects such as aphids, larvae of crickets and cockroaches, and Drosophila are considered the best food.
Due to the structure of the mouth, flare epiplatis take food well from the surface of the water and rarely picks food from the bottom. Fish is often fed, but in small portions.
Dilution of flare epiplates
Breeding flare epiplatis similarly to other representatives of the genus, these are spawning fish, laying eggs on floating plants.
Whole glass or small aquariums made of acrylic are used as spawning, with a bottom area of 200x200 mm and a water level of 5-8 cm. Water is taken from the aquarium, where the producers are kept, and a small amount of settled, slightly softened water is added to it. Water should be clean and fresh, it is good if sections of open water will alternate with islands of floating plants.
It should be borne in mind that all procedures associated with changing and adding water should be carried out carefully - preferably more often and in small doses. It is recommended to raise the temperature by 1-2 ° C. Plants such as richia and Thai fern are used as a spawning substrate.
When breeding flare epiplatis Some nuances must be taken into account. If the male is active, then two to four females can be planted on him, you can breed epiplatis group, so in a 50-liter aquarium you can plant a group of producers consisting of 20 individuals, with a predominance of females.
With group breeding, epiplatys spawn for a long time. The spawning period can last several weeks, during all this time producers are fed plentifully and variably. Among floating plants and their roots, females flare epiplatis periodically lay small eggs with a short stalk. It is sticky and attaches well to the substrate, individual eggs sometimes fall to the bottom, which does not affect their development.
The number of eggs laid every day is different; at one time, the female swallows several transparent eggs. The diameter of the eggs is about 1 mm. Caviar is prone to damage by fungal and bacterial infections. After 8-12 days, a larva ready for hatching is already visible in it. To stimulate a more friendly hatching in the spawning, you can add a little fresh water.
Flare epiplatis - male and female
Spawning is periodically examined and the eggs found in it are transferred to another aquarium. If this is not possible, then caviar and fry can be left in spawning, as producers do not eat them. During this period, fry feed on ciliates, which are caught in the midst of floating plants. The fry should be caught from time to time using a glass tube or an ordinary spoon and transplanted into a separate small, preferably wide aquarium. Most often they can be found at the junction of the surface of water and glass, in the bend of the water film. They are noticeable by the steel luster of the spot on the crown.
Not bad results are given by pair breeding. In this breeding method, after spawning, producers are usually returned to the aquarium from which they were taken.
The best starter feed is live dust. A small number of fry can be raised with micromine and a microworm, but for this a sufficiently powerful aerator must be installed in the aquarium so that the feed is in constant motion.
At first, fry grow slowly, but when the first barely distinguishable strips begin to appear in their color, the growth rate accelerates sharply. At this point, it is desirable to transplant fry into a more spacious container. You should carefully approach the sorting of feed by size, the main thing here is not to rush to transfer to a larger feed.
Two-, three-month-old juveniles can already be distinguished by gender. But before transplanting young epiplatis into the general aquarium, you should first prepare them for this procedure by adding small portions of water from the aquarium into which they are planned to be transplanted.
As you can see, all this is not difficult, but requires some attention and caution. Let's hope that flare epiplatis it will not suffer the fate of some spawning cyprinids that have disappeared from our aquariums. May they always delight us with their beauty.