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Noble liver

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Summary of observation of blue copses

Tasks: to expand children's knowledge of the first spring flowers copses, to consider the characteristic features of this flower, to develop attention, memory, speech, thinking, to cultivate a cognitive interest in flowers.

Observation Progress:

The teacher draws the attention of children to beautiful flowers - blue copses.

Observation of coppices and the story of the educator about coppices.

The end of March - the beginning of April, in some places there is snow, but on the crumpled pillow from last year’s foliage you can already see the “blue, clean flower”, as the poet Maykov wrote. This is a copulation of blue or liverwort ordinary or liverwort noble.

So that you know, the generic name Hepatica (Hepatica) was given to the plant for ternate leaves, with their outlines resembling the shape of a human liver. The name liverwort is a direct tracing-paper from Latin, in the Russian people the flower has long been called blue coppice. This emphasized its two features: azure-blue flowers, and the ability to grow only under the canopy of rare shrubs and in the thin shade of through deciduous trees.

In total, the genus of the liverwort has about a dozen species distributed in the forest zone of the Northern Hemisphere. The most common is the noble liverwort (Hepatica nobilis, whose range covers most of Europe, including the European part of Russia.

Why was the plant given such a name? Because in ancient times, people associated the appearance of plants with their alleged healing properties. The coppice leaves resemble the shape of the liver in their appearance, and ancient healers were sure that the plant cures liver diseases.

In Russia, in ancient times, the coppice was called - anemone net and Trojans, because the leaves of the plant are divided into three lobes.

Common liverwort - Hepatica nobilis - a perennial low-growing herbaceous plant from the family of buttercups.

The brownish or brown rhizome of the coppice has in the upper part of the scales, these are underground leaves. Long roots extend from the rhizome, helping the plant gain a foothold on stony soil.

Every year around the rhizome a new circle of subordinate roots grows, which captures the upper layer of last year's leaves. By the number of circles from the roots they judge how old the plant is.

The stems of the plant are low brown.

The liverwort leaves are leathery, divided into three lobes, at the base are heart-shaped.

They remind someone of the heart. And the ancient Aesculapius had a sick liver, because there were spots on them.

The liverwort retains its last year's leaves in spring, when it blooms.

The flowers are small, solitary, blue, purple, less often white, pinkish or red. In appearance, they resemble miniature bowls. Below each flower are three leaves that wrap it and protect it.

Each flower has several stamens and stigmas. There are a lot of pollen on the stamens, which the insects transfer from flower to flower. Part of the pollen remains on the inside of the petals and the bottom of the flower.

At night and before rain, the flowers close and bend almost to the ground.

After the flowers fade, new leaves begin to grow from the root.

Fruits of the liverwort pubescent, oblong, shape. In the appendage at the base there is an oily substance, sweet in taste, which attracts insects, ants are especially partial to this treat.

But the liverwort blooms in the wild only for the sixth year, and for five years, inconspicuous grass just grows for itself.

Overgrowth is growing in deciduous and coniferous forests on almost the entire European territory of Russia and the Far East, as a rule, on stony soil.

Some gardeners breed it in their personal plots.

You can collect the liverwort seeds in the forest and sow in the country. It will also propagate vegetatively by dividing the rhizome.

Handle the liver with caution, as getting its juice on the skin can cause the appearance of bubbles.

For medicinal purposes, the stems, leaves and flowers of the liverwort are collected during flowering and dried in the shade under a canopy in the fresh air or in a ventilated area.

But it seems to me that, if necessary, it is better to buy raw materials in a pharmacy. In addition, the liver can be treated only under the supervision of a phytotherapist.

In case of an overdose, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, increased salivation, cramps, dizziness appear.

As first aid, gastric lavage is performed with activated carbon dissolved in water or a 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate).

The dry grass of the liverwort contains: sugar, tannins, anemone camphor - anemone, in the process of decay, it produces a substance that negatively affects the functioning of the heart system.

The roots of the liver liver contain resins, tannins, glycoside, saponins and other substances.

Preparations from the liver function with analgesic, antiseptic and sedative effects.

Traditional medicine uses the liver in cases of liver, gall bladder, spleen, bronchitis, fever, headache, diarrhea, rheumatism, gout, furunculosis, rashes.

1 teaspoon of grass and flowers pour 1 cup boiling water, leave for 10-15 minutes, strain, take 1/2 cup in the morning and evening 20 minutes before meals.

Or 1/2 teaspoon of crushed dry raw materials, pour 2 cups boiling water in a thermos, insist 1 hour, strain, take 1/3 cup 3 times 15 minutes before meals.

Tincture for pain in the liver and gall bladder

Pour 30 g of raw materials with 1 cup of high-quality vodka, insist 2 weeks in a dark place, take 20 drops in 1/2 cup of water 3 times a day.

Alcohol tincture of the liver helps relieve toothache if you put a piece of cotton wool soaked in it into the hollow of a tooth.

Tincture rubbed sore spots with polyarthritis.

With sore throats, infusions of liverwort herb gargle.

But livestock, hepatic liver does not eat grass, bypasses by grazing, and even if it accidentally comes in the hay, throws it away. Smell animals poisonous copses.

Mages say that if you find a blooming coppice at dawn in the spring and make a wish, it will certainly come true. Only you need to leave without looking back.

According to signs, if you went for a walk with the company, the one who is the first to notice the copulation will be lucky this year. But only in this case you can’t pluck the flower.

Scientists also do not advise tearing copses, and not because they are poisonous, but because their number has declined sharply and if you do not protect these blue flowers, then the earth can remain completely without them.

Personally, I really like in spring to look at the blue islets of copses lying on a pillow from last year's leaves among the remnants of snow and breathe in the aroma of the spring that is gaining strength. After all, to see this little miracle is such a great happiness that you involuntarily freeze and stand motionless for several minutes.

Those who decide to grow coppice in the country, the happiness of admiring its flowering will last several days! And every spring!

The mobile game "Mother - Spring" - repeat 5 times.

Didactic game "Find out by description."

The mobile game "Through the brook" - repeat 5 times.

Didactic game "It happens - does not happen."

Spring

And near the cross,

(Maykov A.)

Thanks for attention!

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Description of the noble liver

Noble liverwort - a perennial evergreen herbaceous plant of the buttercup family. A powerful rhizome develops in the soil, from which numerous thin roots depart, and leaves and flower-bearing shoots grow from the buds.

Basal foxes on long stalks, dark green, leathery. They are preserved in the plant not only all summer, but all winter under the snow, remaining green (albeit faded). And only after flowering the old leaves die off, and the plant has new ones. In young leaves, the petioles and the underside are covered with numerous dense hairs that help retain heat during spring frosts.

Noble liver flower and fruit

Having settled in a new place, for several years the liverwort does not bloom, but only throws leaves. And only in the sixth year does the plant bloom.

Flowers solitary, sitting on pubescent peduncles. They are very small in size. And the whole plant is small - from 5 to 15 cm. But in the gloomy spruce, the flowers may seem quite bright.

The liverwort blooms, it’s also a coppice, or “blue snowdrop”

It would seem that the plant has a corolla of blue petals, and a cup of green sepals. In fact, the perianth of the liverwort copses is simple and consists of colored leaflets. Usually there are not more than ten. The tepals are most often blue, sometimes pinkish and very rarely white.

And what can be mistaken for a cup is the three top sheets. They grow on a stalk near the flower itself and form the so-called veil. These leaves are strongly reduced and really resemble sepals. However, their origin is completely different, and they develop precisely as stem leaves, and not part of a flower.

Numerous stamens on short threads are clearly visible in the center of the flower. Settled in a spiral, they surround the stigmas of numerous pistils with a peculiar harsh brush, on which it is very convenient for insects to sit. The plant does not secrete nectar, and pollen attracts pollinators.

Beetles, butterflies, bees visit the flowers of the liverwort for its sake. Many eat pollen on the spot, and bees carry it to the hive to feed the young. Enough for everyone!

Moreover, the flower opened in clear warm weather is lifted up and represents ... a plate on which pollen spills out from anthers. The table is set for dear guests! And the guests, of course, appear, treat themselves, simultaneously smearing with pollen and transferring it from flower to flower. The liverwomen received from her banquet what she needed.

In the evening, the liverwort flowers wilt and begin to close.

By night and before the rain, the flower closes and wilts. The tepals, and on top of them a veil of stem leaves, reliably shelter the stamens and pistils from the weather.

Each flower lasts about a week. Then the tepals fall, the plant wilts. In place of the flower, fruits begin to develop.

Fruit - achene covered with hairs. An appendage with an oily liquid is formed on the fruit to attract ants. In a scientific appendage this is called eliosome.

For the sake of this delicious little body, the fruits of the liverwort are pulled apart by ants. They use the contents of the appendage to feed juveniles. And the rest is thrown away with other garbage. The seed does not suffer from this at all and subsequently sprouts safely.

Like many primroses, the liverwort is noble - Mirmekochor plant (from the Greek words "myrmecos"- ant and"choreo"- go, advance, spread).

Similarly, unclear Lungwort spread its seeds, as well as another ordinary early flowering plant - Corydalis. And for goose onions, ants serve as distributors of seeds throughout the world. And the seeds of the hairy scalp are pulled away by them. And many other spring blooming herbs owe much to these business insects.

Noble liverwort - a medicinal plant?

The question mark is not accidental. I already wrote about the “beneficial" effect of the liverwort on the liver (based on the fact that its leaves resemble the liver!). So, despite numerous “recipes”, it is unlikely to be able to cure the liver. But harming your body by following them is quite possible.

All buttercups are poisonous plants. The Russian name of the buttercup itself, which gave the name to the whole family, comes from the word "fierce" - i.e. cruel. Camphor anemone, which is part of the juice of anemones, liverworts and other buttercups, when dried, turns into an anemonin substance, dangerous not only for digestion, but also for normal heart activity.

By the way, pets are wiser than humans! A cow will not eat a single buttercup (including the liverwort), not only fresh, but even dried. She throws buttercups out of the hay. And the “king of nature” collects, dries and drinks “healing” tea! So, ladies and gentlemen, do not tempt fate. Moreover, in “treatment” we often don’t know the chur ...

The decorative value of the noble liver

But as a decoration of the forest, garden, the noble liverwort (or coppice) is undoubtedly a very valuable plant. You will meet in the spring in the forest (and even in the spruce, not spoiled with flowers!) Such a miracle - and your mood will improve, and your health will increase.

Just do not tear the coppice for a bouquet! Firstly, this is pointless - soon the flower will wilt. Secondly, these fees have already led to the fact that the liverwort has become a very rare plant in the forest! So rare that it is listed in the Red Books of a number of European states. And in many regions of Russia it is declared a rare protected plant.

Overgrown with this beautiful flower, whole clearings in the forests of the Moscow Region ... remained only in literature! They carried it out, cut it off ... And we continue to tell what a healing plant it is ...

And to dig a plant in the forest (if, of course, you will find) for the sake of transplantation is also not worth it. The plant is a forest. It is used to a shady forest, and it is unlikely to feel comfortable in the flowerbed. But for at least 500 years (!) Breeders bred the liverwort. There are over 1000 varieties. Blue, pink, white ... Terry forms ... For every taste, color and pocket! Varietal liverworts bloom earlier than forest ones, and this event will not have to wait six years. They bloom beautifully, not only in the shade, but also in open places.Yes, and the flowers on the same plant at varietal liverworts more!

But let’s leave the forest plants to the forest! Let the noble liverwort continue to be preserved in nature, clean anemone, trojans, coppice, blue snowdrop.

I wish you all a wonderful spring mood!

Description of the liverwort flower

Early flowering perennial plant with a height of 15-20 cm with a rosette of three-lobed, petiolate, pubescent leaves below, at the beginning of the growing season red-violet, then dark green, dense, leathery, in some wintering species. The flower of the liverwort, or hepatik blue, less often white or pink, single, 2-4 cm in size, located on a direct pubescent bare peduncle, looks like a calyx with 6-10 petals. All parts of the plant are poisonous.

Common decorative types of liverwort

The genus is not numerous, includes, according to various classifications, from 2 to 10 species. In Russia, only noble liverwort, or ordinary liverwort (H. Nobilis) grows in nature. This species with dense ternary leaves on long stalks and single lilac flowers up to 4 cm in diameter feels good both in shady places and in lighted areas on loose, moderately moist soil. Terry varieties of white, purple, pink, and purple colors are found in culture. There are subspecies:

Asian liverwort(H. asiatica), sometimes distinguished as a separate species, grows in the Far East, in China, Korea, Japan, has white, pink, and purple flowers; unlike the noble liverwort, it leaves leaves for the winter,

Japanese liverworts(H. japonica) and pubescent(H. pubescens), the latter is distinguished by rounded leaves with a marble pattern.

Hepatica (H. acutiloba) and dumb(H. acutiloba, H. americana)growing in America.

Her one European look, Transylvanian liverwort(H. transsilvanica), a native of the Carpathians, is distinguished by large blue or purple flowers and deeply incised triple leaves.

In a separate view called medium liver(H. media) a group of hybrids of the liverwort transylvanian with other species is isolated. These are plants with terry flowers of blue, white, pink colors, blooming in April longer than other garden forms.

To date, about 1000 varieties are known. Due to difficulties with reproduction, prices for new items reach $ 3,000. Flowers are especially popular in Japan, where exhibitions of flowering liverworts are held annually; varieties are created not only with double flowers of various colors, including two-color and three-color, but also with variegated foliage.

Photos of liverworts of various types and varieties are given below.

Growing and propagating the liverwort

The liverwort is a long-lived plant; its life span can reach 25 years. Natural forms require specific conditions, more moist and fertile soil with the addition of peat and spruce needles, transplantation and division once every 3-4 years. Garden varieties are less whimsical, develop well in the shade and in the open sun, in dry and moderately moist areas, can grow without division in one place for a long enough time.

All liverworts prefer light, well-fertilized soils with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction, and a semi-shaded location. They can grow in significant shading and on alpine hills, near large stones, but in the sun the flowering time is reduced.

Flower of the liverwort in the photo.

The plant is weakly competitive, to obtain spectacular flowering curtains, it must be protected from intensively growing neighbors. The rest is not complicated, it consists in maintaining the soil in a moderately moist and clean from weeds. For fertilizer at the end of winter, you can add bone or blood meal, at the end of summer - mineral top dressing with potassium and phosphorus. For winter, they recommend mulching with neutral peat or humus.

Propagated by division of rhizomes or seeds. Propagation by seeds is difficult, they often fall unripe in early June, and in terry forms they are not tied at all. Sowing is carried out in June in a seedling-free manner into the ground with freshly harvested seeds. Shoots will appear in a year, seedlings will bloom in 3-4 years.

Varieties, hybrids, sterile, including terry forms in July-August are divided into parts, leaving at least 2-3 buds on each. Planted at a distance of 20 cm, watered and shaded. Delenki take root by autumn and usually bloom the next year.

Alphabetical Flowers

Species listed in the Red Book of the Smolensk Region: Hepatica Blagodarnaya, Pereleska Blue (Hepatica nobilis Mill.)

Family: Buttercups - Ranunculaceae

Squad (department): Angiosperms Division - Angiospermae Class Dicotyledons - Dicotyledones

Status. II category. The abundance of the species is relatively high, but is rapidly declining. An ancient plant in the spruce forest is a relic of oak forests.

Features of morphology and biology. Perennial herbaceous plant 5-15 cm high. In the soil at a depth of 10-15 cm there is a short rhizome with numerous long subordinate roots. The aerial rosette shoot carries brown scaly and tricolobate, long petiolar assimilating leaves that develop after flowering. The shape of the leaves resembles the liver, hence the name “liverwort”. First, the leaves are covered with thick hairs, later they lose pubescence. The leaves that appeared in May overwinter, and in the spring of the next year, in their sinuses, strongly lowered generative shoots develop - arrows, ending in single flowers. Generative organs are laid a year before flowering. By the first half of August, all parts of the flower in the bud are fully formed. Already colored bluish-purple tepals, anthers on threads, pistils are clearly visible. Each generative shoot carries three small leaves, which are almost close to the base of the flower, resemble a calyx and form a veil. The generative shoot ends with a single flower with 6-10 azure blue, light blue, less often pink tepals. There are many stamens and pistils, they are arranged in a spiral. The coppice blooms in April - May for 7-8 days. The plant is characterized by a floral lead, that is, flowers first appear, and then the leaves of this season. Since the overwintered leaves are preserved until the summer of next year, in the spring, after flowering, the coppice has both last year's, dark, leathery, and young, light green pubescent leaves. Pollination occurs with the help of beetles, butterflies, eating pollen, since there is no nectar in the flowers. Self-pollination is possible. After flowering, the leaves of the simple perianth fall off, the ripening of the fruits goes under the cover of the resulting coverlet. Fruits copulation in June. Fruits are single-seeded, nut-shaped, pubescent, have a fleshy appendage. Reproduction is mainly seed. Fruits are carried by ants, which are attracted by a fleshy appendage. Under natural conditions, seeds can germinate in the fall. A plant grown from seed first blooms in 4-7 years 1-4. There is evidence of the possibility of vegetative propagation due to the development of lateral buds on the rhizome, but this rarely happens. Ornamental plant. Used in traditional medicine in the treatment of pulmonary and gastric diseases. All parts of the plant are poisonous 2, 5, 6.

Spread. The area is torn. It occurs in the forest zone from the western borders of Russia to the Middle Volga and Prikamye, as well as in the Primorsky Territory 1, 2, 6, 7. Throughout the Smolensk region, including the territory of the Smolensk Lakeland National Park.

Habitat. In deciduous, mainly broad-leaved and mixed forests. The plant has a wide ecological amplitude. It grows in moderately humid places, is shade-tolerant, not very demanding for soil, grows on sandy, clay, gravelly soils, preferring places rich in lime. It is believed that this plant is an indicator of soils rich in elements of mineral nutrition with well decomposed humus 1, 2.

Abundance in nature. It is absent-minded, can form curtains of different sizes.

The main limiting factors. Mass gathering, especially in the vicinity of large settlements.

Cultivation. It has long been grown in gardens (known in the culture since 1440), there are garden forms with pink, white, purple and double flowers. Plants grown from seeds in a crop bloom for 3 years. It is successfully grown in many botanical gardens and at the stations of young naturalists 1, 2, 8.

Security measures taken. It is protected in a number of regions of Russia (Yaroslavl, Vladimir, Moscow, etc.), the CIS countries (Belarus, Ukraine), as well as in many European countries (Switzerland, Sweden, Germany, etc.) 1, 2, 9, 10.

Necessary security measures. Limit collection around cities.

  1. Alekseev and others,
  2. Aleshko et al., 1987,
  3. Belkov et al., 1974,
  4. Petrov, 1978,
  5. Orlov et al., 1990,
  6. Alekseev et al., 1971,
  7. Yuzepchuk, 1937,
  8. Voroshilov et al., 1961,
  9. Key to Meshchera plants, Part II, 1987,
  10. Voroshilov et al., 1966.

Description and Procurement

The noble liverwort has: a rhizome with scales, in the sinuses of which there are arrow-shaped erect stems reaching up to 15 cm in height, and wide-triangular, three-notched leathery leaves on long petioles. In April-May, the liverwort blooms with bluish-purple, white or pink flowers, reaching up to 2 cm in diameter. Interestingly, the leaves of the liverwort begin to grow only after flowering ends. Fruits - hairy elongated achenes.
As a medicinal raw material in folk medicine, the liver of the noble liver is used. Harvesting is carried out during the flowering of the plant: the grass is collected and dried under a canopy in the fresh air or in a well-ventilated area.
The liverwort is stored in glass or plastic containers with tight lids separately from other plant materials. Shelf life is 1.5 years.

Attention! Harvesting herbs of the liverwort noble must be done with rubber gloves!

A brief description of the liverwort ordinary:

Common liverwort (coppice blue) - This is a short grassy perennial with a brownish rhizome, equipped at the top with scales - underground leaves. Long roots extend from the rhizomes, especially if the coppice huddles on stony soil.

The leaves of blue copses are also interesting. When beautiful azure flowers appear near the mantle of belated snow, the liverwort will still be with old, last year's leaves. Faded, sworn, about three, as in youth, wide lobes, they emphasize the youthful freshness of the flower. When the liverwort fades, it acquires new leaves. They are long-grained, basal, leathery, with a heart at the base, and in general outline - a wide triangle, cut into three lobes. The upper side of the leaves is green, the lower is purple, in a young state it is wrapped in soft hairs, like petioles, and the entire leaf looks twisted, shaggy. The stems of the plant are brown arrows.

The flowers of the liverwort are single, the size of a fingernail, of tepals - “petals” can be from 6 to 10. Their color is usually blue, but can be lilac, with a touch of pink. It is rare to find a liverwort with white flowers. If you look closely at the color of this lovely plant, it is easy to notice the numerous, spirally stamens with white or pinkish threads. The stigma of the flower is capitate, the fruit is oblong, hairy, with a transparent appendage at the base, in which a drop of oil is poured - a bait for ants.

Open coppice flowers are up, like raised bowls. This their position contributes to the preservation of pollen, because part falls out inside the flower, remaining to lie on the front side of the petals. The coppice is endowed with such an abundance of pollen that it is enough for bees and for own fertilization. At night and before the weather, the flowers of the liverwort are closed, wilted. When the liverwort begins to bloom, its petals are still too short, therefore, folding for the night, they protect only the extreme stamens, the median remain naked.

But it turns out that the stamens of the liverwort ripen at the same time: first the extreme ones begin to dust, then the middle ones. By the time the middle stamens ripen, the petals are lengthened, and these stamens are also protected by tepals. This fact from the life of the coppice is also curious: at the beginning of flowering, when only the extreme stamens mature, the plant needs insects, later it dispenses with them - self-pollination is possible. Each flower on the stem lasts a long time - up to eight days. Bottom, it has a wrapper of three whole leaves, forming something like a cup.

In the wild, coppice blooms for the first time in the sixth year. And before that she is unattractive.

Cultivation:

The liverwort propagates by seeds, of which it numbers from 20 to 60 per shoot. It prefers to live on slightly acidic or neutral soils, where it grows especially abundantly. At the end of summer, the underground stem - rhizome acquires special buds, with the help of which the plant can multiply and vegetatively.

The chemical composition of the liverwort ordinary:

A fresh plant contains a potent substance protoanemonin, and in a dry one - the so-called anemone camphor - anemone, the decay product of which, anemonin, crystallizes into a substance that acts as heart poison. In the roots of this plant are saponins, glycoside hepatrylobin, tannins, resins, etc.

All these active ingredients form the basis of the chemical composition of the liverwort ordinary (copses blue).

Infusion of grass copulation:

Infusion of grass copses: brew 1.5 cups boiling water 1 tsp. dry chopped herbs, insist, wrapping, 40-60 minutes, drain. Take 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day, 15–20 minutes before meals.

Infusion of grass copulation:

Infusion of grass copses: brew 500 ml of boiling water 1/2 tsp. herbs, insist 1 h, strain. Take 100 ml 3 times a day 30 minutes before a meal with fever, cough, tracheitis, scrofula, congestion in the gallbladder, gallstone disease, malaria, diarrhea, rheumatism, gout.

Contraindications of the liverwort ordinary:

The hepatic liver is poisonous. Poisonous juice reliably protects plants from extermination by animals. Leaves and rhizomes of the liverwort irritate the skin and can even cause abscesses. The internal use of copulation of a noble as a highly poisonous plant requires great care and strict control of the doctor.

With an overdose of the drug, profuse saliva is released, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain appear. In severe cases, symptoms of central nervous system damage are observed: tremor, convulsions, dizziness.

A gastric lavage should be carried out with an aqueous suspension of activated charcoal or a 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate, a 2% solution of sodium bicarbonate (soda), enveloping agents are indicated, pieces of ice are used for vomiting and pain in the stomach. Further treatment is symptomatic.

A bit of history:

In ancient times, when pharmacists adhered to the doctrine of external similarities - signatures, coppice was recognized as a remedy for liver diseases: its leaves were shaped like a liver. Hence the Latin name Hepatica, which goes back to the Greek "hepar" - the liver. Consequently, the Russian name liverwort is just a translation of a scientific name. Our original nicknames for grass are blue coppice, clean anemone, uterine, trojans (the leaf is divided into three lobes), and blue snowdrops. This is about the liverwort poet A.N. Maikov: “A blue, clean snowdrop flower, and next to it there is a through last snowball.”In fact, the people called snowdrops any flower that blossoms immediately after snow melts (different types of anemones, scylls, etc.). Flower girls call a coppice of violets, although she is not even a relative of violets.

Noble liverwort (Hepatica nobilis MILL.)

Sin .: common liverwort, sick, coppice, liver grass, net anemone, parsley, curls, scapula, coppice, scrub, scallop, blue snowdrops, liverwort, liver grass, liverwort, trojans, uterine, przheljoshki.

Noble liverwort - a poisonous perennial herb up to 15 cm high. Previously, the plant was considered medicinal: the herb of the noble liverwort has a pronounced antiseptic property.

In medicine

The noble liver plant does not belong to the pharmacopoeia and is not used in official medicine. It is used only in homeopathy and traditional medicine.

Contraindications and side effects

Contraindications of the noble liver are extensive. Like all plants from the Ranunculaceae family, it contains substances that irritate the mucous membranes. In its raw form it is forbidden to use it! Only after drying, toxic substances are partially destroyed.

The plant is allergenic! Before using the noble liver, a test should be done by applying a few drops of tincture to the inside of the elbow and make sure that the skin does not turn red and a rash does not appear.

Noble hepatic should not be used by pregnant and lactating women, people with chronic diseases of the digestive tract, stomach and duodenal ulcers, and children.

In crop production

Noble liverwort - an ornamental plant, which is often planted on flower beds, topiary, alpine hills. He has beautiful blue-violet small flowers that bloom very early - in April - May. The liverwort is one of the most beautiful and attractive plants for garden design in early spring.

In other areas

In some areas of Asia, the noble liver is used as a surrogate for tea.

The noble liverwort is one of the plants that are most adapted to living conditions and actively cooperate with insects. Very often it is on it that scientists - botanists and ecologists study the symbiosis of insects and plants. Liver pollen attracts pollinators, the mechanism of closing the flower at night saves the ovaries, and special glands on the seeds make the ants spread the seeds of the plant throughout the forest.

Botanical Description

Noble liverwort - a perennial herbaceous plant, reaches a height of 5-15 cm.

Its rhizome is dark brown, bearing oblong-ovate, brownish scales at the apex.

The stems of the noble oven are noble in the form of arrows located in the axils of last year's leaves or scales, erect, often somewhat curved, pubescent with thin, adjacent or mostly erect protruding hairs, most often reddish or brown.

The leaves are basal, numerous, leathery, overwintering, located on long petioles, bud-shaped or wide-triangular in shape, heart-shaped at the base, truncated to the middle, with broad-ovate, blunt or pointed lobes, dark green on the upper side, purple in color from the bottom , in a young state, dressed like petioles with thick, soft, silky hairs, bulging on the petioles, later losing their pubescence. The leaves of the noble liverwort begin to develop in late spring or June, after the plant has faded.

Leaflets covered in number three, up to 1 cm long, sessile, ovoid, blunt or blunt, whole-edge, scattered or rather densely pressed-hairy, pushed almost close to the base of the flower and similar to sepals. The flowers of the noble liverwort are single, erect, up to 2 cm in diameter. The perianth consists of 6-7 leaves, narrow-ovate, rounded at the end, bluish-purple (the outside is more pale colored), less often white or pink, on both sides bare, falling. Stamens with white or pinkish stamens and almost white anthers with a reddish binder. Stigmas capitate. Flowering - April and May.

The fruit is an oblong, hairy achene located on a thickened convex receptacle.

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