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We grow perennials on the balcony

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Balconies and terraces can be beautiful all year round. You just need to know what flowers and shrubs you can leave for the winter without fear. Unfortunately, most balcony flowers should be moved to the room long before the first frost.

Tender plants will not last long at low temperatures. But this is not a reason to throw a balcony before spring, you can equip a winter garden and enjoy frost-resistant plants for a winter balcony.

Plants on the balcony in winter

It is unlikely that it will be possible to equip a winter garden on an open balcony if it is in a cold climatic zone. The maximum that can be done is to decorate it with fir compositions.

But on closed, glazed loggias there are much more opportunities. Snow does not sweat on them. The temperature may fluctuate. If the glass of the thermometer drops to minus 10 ° behind the glass, it will be positive on the balcony. When there is severe frost on the street up to 25 - 30 °, the temperature will be minus 5 ° on the insulated balcony. There are plant species that feel good in this temperature regime.

Winter plants for a glazed balcony

Winter plants for the balcony should be selected depending on your location, climatic conditions and conditions of detention.

  • Citrus fruits can winter at a temperature of + 7 °.
  • Cacti are very adapted plants. They can tolerate not only drought, but most species feel well at a temperature of +5, and some of them are not even afraid of frost.
  • Plants such as laurel, pelargonium (geranium), fuchsia, hydrangea, chrysanthemums, boxwood are adapted for temperatures of + 5-6 °.
  • In the winter, camellias can become decoration of a balcony, they tolerate temperatures up to minus 5 °. Ideal conditions for her are a balcony, in which the temperature is from 0 to 15 °.
  • Conifers Araucaria, thuja, cypress, cryptomeria. The temperature for them in the winter is + 6-10 °.

Each flower or shrub requires individual conditions, so consider how to care for the most popular frost-resistant winter plants.

Winter plants for open balconies and terraces

You can leave frost-coniferous coniferous and some deciduous shrubs on the balconies and terraces, including white and ordinary spruce, mountain pine, some varieties of juniper, evergreen boxwood, dwarf shrubs and decorative cotoneaster.

Plants should be stored in special frost-resistant pots or containers. In addition, the sides of the containers can be insulated with polystyrene foam, mineral wool or glass wool. Some bushes should be additionally completely covered with a special agrofiber, which will protect them from the frosty wind.

Heather and Erica

Heather is a low, unpretentious shrub that does not fade during the onset of cold weather, and simply freezes in the cold, but does not change its decorative appearance. Heather (Caluna vulgaris) and Erica (Erica carnea) are suitable for balconies. You can buy a plant in garden stores or in the market. From August to November, heather is strewn with flowers, small flowers resemble bells, and terry flowers similar to roses are located on twigs-inflorescences.

The bush is usually planted in pots, heather loves acidic soil, you can add peat to the soil or buy a ready-made soil mixture. With the onset of frost, the shrub actually dies, but does not lose its magnificent appearance. Therefore, watering is done before the onset of severe cold weather.

Erica and heather are very similar at first glance. Erica is also a frost-resistant shrub, but flowering occurs from January to April. For autumn flowering, from September to November, it is recommended to plant the species Erika gracilis. The optimum temperature of the content is from 7 to 15 °. During flowering + 8 °. Erica is watered 2 times a week. The plant needs good lighting.

Juniper

Junipers, one of the few coniferous plants, tolerate wintering in containers with complete freezing of an earthen coma. Juniper is not demanding on the composition of the soil, but still it is better to add peat and sand.Very often a dwarf tree or bonsai is formed from a plant. To enhance the effect, sometimes planted on stones. Very resistant to temperature extremes, able to survive in very difficult conditions and on any substrates. The plant does not tolerate moisture stagnation, so intensive watering is not required. In the cold season, watering is rare.

Euonymus

Euonymus (Euonymus fortunei) can grow up to 60 cm. And near the wall and even up to 2 meters. In winter, the leaves turn purple-red. After frosts, the plant takes on its usual color. Preferred temperatures for euonymus in the summer are + 18-20 °. In winter, + 6 °. It can tolerate lower temperatures, but for this it is necessary to strengthen the roots: put a wooden plank or polystyrene under the pot and wrap the pot with batting. In the summer, the plant is watered abundantly, and in the winter it is significantly reduced. Beresklet is one of the most popular plants for winter gardening of a balcony.

Boxwood

Boxwood is an original green element of decor. Without human intervention, a plant can reach impressive size, but skillful hands make it a bonsai, create magnificent green sculptures. A plant can hibernate on a balcony, provided that the temperature does not fall lower than + 10 °.

Cotoneaster

From the evergreen and always beautiful cotoneaster creeping does not take his eyes off in the fall, especially after frosty nights. Against the background of green leaves rimmed with white border, red beads of fruits are scattered.
For this plant, experts recommend not only protecting the roots in a suitable pot, but also the whole plant with a special cap. If you don’t have one, you can use straw or thick paper.

Small conifers

Dwarf conifers are frequent guests on balconies. By planting plants such as araucaria, cypress, yew, thuja, you can enjoy a healing tart smell without going to the forest. Such plants calmly tolerate the temperature on the balcony to minus five degrees.

It is very resistant to wind and frost, but the balcony spruce is more sensitive than the one that grows in the garden. The main thing is that the roots are in a suitable pot, insulated with non-woven material. The pot should be wood or ceramic.

Thuja can survive the winter on the balcony. It is important to protect the roots in a suitable pot wrapped in non-woven material. Cron can not run up.

Conclusion

In the autumn, it will not be difficult to buy these plants in pots or tubs. Dwarf plants grow very slowly, add one centimeter per year and do not like a haircut. Therefore, some winter plants for a balcony can be purchased in advance and maintained all year round.

Although balcony plants are only a substitute for what you can get in the spring in the garden, their care is a pleasant and rather demanding task.

Is the game worth the candle?

When planning to grow perennials on a balcony or loggia, do not be too lazy to look at the local site and enter the query in the browser search bar: "average annual temperature for the last 5 years in the city of XXX"? You will receive very detailed information from an official source - the local weather service, which will help you, together with other information received on the Internet, to get an idea about the growing conditions and the climate of your region, comfortable growing conditions, plants you like.

In 99% of cases, talking about growing plants on a balcony or loggia is for those who live in regions with a mild climate and short, relatively warm winters. It is hardly worth undertaking cultivating perennials on a balcony in Siberia. It will take too complicated a system to maintain soil temperature within the limits acceptable for a given plant. For an open balcony, no wrapping with insulating material will save the tank from freezing if an artificial heating system is not equipped. The risk of plant death will be extremely high, and will bring bitter disappointment to the owner if, due to the vagaries of nature, his pet, after several years of growing, freezes during one of the winters.

Therefore, it is better to grow perennials on glazed and insulated loggias, but not on open balconies.

Where and in what to grow?

Considering that perennials have, in most cases, a powerful root system, and the plants themselves, especially curly lianobes, are quite impressive in size, the house’s wintering conditions in the apartment are not acceptable for them.

The volume of the container with the ground should match the needs of the plant. In the early years, when the perennial is young, you can use pots and boxes with a volume of 5-10 liters, but as it grows, it will require periodic transplantation into more spacious containers. The frequency of transplantation will depend on the growth rate of the plant. So, for a girl’s grape that gives an increase of up to 4 meters per year and reaches a length of 8-14 meters, a capacity of at least 50 liters is required. Moreover, it is necessary to place such a "potty" on the balcony, without taking it outside the perimeter of the fence.

This is due, firstly, to the impossibility of monitoring the temperature of the soil during the wintering season, and secondly, to the possibility of drying out the land due to constant drafts, and thirdly, to observing safety precautions.

Build a stand that can hold 50-100 kg in weight. quite problematic. A welded metal structure will be required, and the balcony railing is usually not designed for such loads. The consequences of the collapse of a centner of the earth on the heads of passers-by will entirely fall on you. Placing such a capacity on the loggia takes up a lot of space, reducing the already small area of ​​a typical balcony. This, of course, does not prevent the cultivation of large perennials, but you must be prepared for such inconveniences initially.

How to make a container with your own hands?

The best containers for planting perennials are ceramic garden flowerpots or plastic barrels of a suitable volume. If you decide to make a container yourself, then sheet plastic that does not contain phenols and formaldehydes harmful to the plant should be used as a material.

Use a tree only in extreme cases. Firstly, wood structures are bulky and heavy in themselves, and secondly, wood is easily susceptible to decay and rapid destruction with constant contact with earth and moisture. If you still make wooden boxes from boards - try, if possible, to use larch or oak.

Or more resistant to weathering and last longer. Be sure to reliably isolate the wooden container from contact with the ground by placing a large and dense plastic bag (for example, black for garbage, designed for 50-100 liters) inside, preferably in two layers, and pour soil into it. Pour drainage under the bottom of the bag - the middle fraction of crushed stone or expanded clay, with a layer of at least 5 cm. Do not install a wooden container in the pallet. The excess water accumulating in the pan after irrigation will very quickly lead to the destruction of the wooden container. It is necessary to arrange so that there is a gap of at least 5-10 cm between the bottom of the wooden container and the pallet, so that there is no direct contact with water in the pallet, and that the bottom of the container is well ventilated and dried.

An excellent material that can be used to process manufactured wooden containers is the final polymer flooring.

Regardless of whether this coating is made on the basis of epoxy resins or acrylic polymers, the wooden structure coated with it will turn out to be completely “preserved” inside the strong polymer layer, and will last you many times longer.

In addition, polymer floor coverings are so durable and resistant to aggressive environments that they are not afraid of either mechanical or prolonged chemical influences. They are decorative, varied in colors, are transparent. In any case, before treating the wood with polymer, thoroughly soak it with antifungal impregnation and dry it thoroughly.

Plant selection

The choice of plants will depend on two factors: your climate zone and the orientation of the balcony or loggia to the cardinal points. An additional factor may be the number of storeys. The higher the balcony is located - the more it will be subject to wind load and, therefore, the faster moisture will evaporate from the surface of the earth and from the leaves of the plant. In addition, constant winds are detrimental to many plants used to grow in nature under the forest canopy.

For a south-facing balcony or loggia, perennials should be selected so that constant and prolonged solar radiation during the day does not lead to death. If perennial is grown on a glazed balcony, remember that on a hot summer day a greenhouse effect may occur. The temperature on the balcony warmed up by the Sun can rise so much that the plants simply “cook”. Therefore, during the summer period, constant ventilation should be provided, while preventing the formation of drafts.

West- and east-oriented balconies are most favorable for growing almost all possible types of perennial plants.

But the north-oriented ones, especially if the balcony or loggia is located on the lower floors and is obscured by trees growing nearby, is truly a “headache” for the amateur grower. With the thought of growing bright, abundantly flowering plants, you will most likely have to leave. The few plants that inhabit the gloomy lower tier of the forest boast bright colors. But do not despair. One girl’s grape, closed by an arch above your balcony, overflows of the colors of its leaves during the spring-autumn period: from bright green to crimson red, can perfectly decorate your balcony and replace flowering plants. And the curly annuals planted to it, which will use the stalks of grapes as a support, will be able to please you with bright flowers, since the choice of species of annual flowering shade-loving plants is much wider.

Perennial plants, deprived of the influx of mineral and organic substances from the environment, are particularly demanding on the composition of the soil and systematic fertilizer. To overdo it, of course, is not advisable, but you should not feel sorry for organics or mineral mixtures. You can make them in the maximum permissible doses for a given volume of soil. You do not have creepers or flowers, so you do not need to be afraid of the harmful effects of “chemistry”.

To summarize

In this article, we examined the features of growing perennials on a balcony or loggia, describing some difficulties and problems that may arise during the implementation of this venture.

Intentionally, the names of plants suitable for balconies oriented in one direction or another were not touched. The best option would be to consult with a sales assistant in a seed store in the city or town in which you live. They should better know which plants grow best in your climate.

Features of the design of the balcony by plants

The first step in decorating a balcony with flowers is choosing the right plants. When choosing natural flowers, care should be taken.People who do not have experience in growing flowers, it is better to choose the least demanding varieties that do not require too much care.

Plants can be divided into several main categories:

  1. the most popular are flowers and shrubs,
  2. grassy flowers and balcony trees are less common, but trends are slowly changing.

Decorating a balcony with flowers should match the style of other elements, such as furniture. All the elements on the balcony form a single whole.

A good choice is year-round plants and perennials that adorn the balcony constantly. It is worth paying attention not only to seasonal flowers, which, despite their beauty, do not live too long. Noteworthy is the fact that perennials have extensive roots, they are planted in large containers. Many forget about this, so the flower slowly dies.

The level of sunlight on the balcony has a great effect on the growth of colors. Some varieties need the sun for proper development, while others feel better in dark places. Depending on the location of the balcony relative to the cardinal points and the time of year, balcony flowers can be selected and composed in various ways.

Budleya

These are flowers grown in crates. They grow quickly, create a unique composition. For the balcony, you need to choose undersized varieties of wake-ups. This plant is for experienced colorists, requires careful care, regular fertilizer. Budleya harmoniously looks in interiors with a harsh, industrial character. Concrete flooring, metal furniture - an idea worthy of attention.

For the north side

If the sun does not shine for long, many plants feel great. Here species that do not need to be planted are even harmful to a large amount of sunlight. Shade-tolerant flowers for placement in partial shade or shade have much lower requirements. They better tolerate the lack of the sun, but this does not mean that they do not need it. They cope with high humidity, which reduces the risk of overheating.

Plants for a balcony that grow well on the north side:

Many species of plants that prefer shade do not tolerate the sun. Therefore, the first step in choosing colors - you need to answer the question of when the sun's rays fall on the balcony. In the evening, the sun does not affect plants so much.

Begonias Begonie

Begonia has a light magical romanticism. The saturated inflorescence gives them a unique charm. Most varieties have double flowers of various shades of pink, red, yellow, white. Begonias are suitable for design in the French style, go well with antique, elegant furniture. The shadow for begonia is not terrible, therefore they are valuable on the balconies of the northern and eastern expositions.

Impatiens (balsam)

2 types are grown in containers:

  1. New Guinean with large flowers (4-6 cm in diameter), dark lanceolate leaves,
  2. touchy Waller (Sultan) - gives smaller flowers (2-3 cm in diameter), has light green leaves in the shape of a heart.

The touchy reaches a height of 30 cm. It grows better in partial shade or light, but not too hot places. Plants like fertile, slightly moist soil, fertilizers for flowering species. Both species easily propagate from cuttings.

Bell

This is a specific flower resembling wild vegetation. The most common color is dark blue and burgundy, less common in shades of pink or white. Bells are planted in places with low exposure to the sun. They look better on balconies decorated in a natural style. Look great in the company of potted gerberas.

The decoration of the south balcony

On the south wall of the house, the sun warms ruthlessly. Without shelter, both human skin and most plants can be severely affected. In the scorching sun, without suitable water containers, only succulents or sclerophytes can withstand. These plants adapted to life in conditions where water is not enough for a long time. With a sufficient supply of water and regular fertilizer, you can grow multicolored cascades of pelargonium, petunia, sanvitalia and other flowers on the southern balcony.

For a balcony on the sunny side, good plant options are as follows:

  • stonecrop
  • daylilies,
  • dahlias
  • rudbeckia,
  • pansies,
  • lavender,
  • nemesia
  • surfinia
  • stcevola
  • Sanvitalia
  • lobelia.

The best growth of the above flowers can be seen in full sun. Plants for southern windows are ideal for balconies and terraces located on the south side.

Dahlias

They resemble colored balls, they look very interesting, work perfectly on balconies decorated in the capital style. Dahlias come in different colors, it is worth combining several different shades. Such a composition is suitable for an interior where furniture is not too saturated colors. Dahlias should be placed in sunny places, but protected from strong winds.

Pelargonium (geranium)

Pelargoniums are most often chosen for a balcony. The popularity of geraniums is due to easy care. Pelargoniums require a lot of light, designed for the south window, balcony. Geranium fits the modern and traditional design of balconies. Pelargoniums are often planted in the company of petunias.

The most popular geraniums with branchy shoots. Immediately behind them in the ranking are majestic English geraniums with large flowers and small varieties from the Angeleyes series. Flowers with many shades of pink and red dominate. Geraniums are resistant, tolerate short-term lack of water. Only English species require careful care, regular fertilizer with phosphorus and potassium fertilizing.

Pelargonium grows better in sunny places, on fertile soils. Flowers are taken out to the open balcony in May, in October they are brought into the house. Wintering requires a lot of light and a low temperature (about 15 ° C). Geranium is propagated from cuttings in February or August.

Pansies

Flowers may seem fairly simple, but make it easy to create a beautiful composition. Pansies in large stone pots look beautiful. Flowers are a good option for industrial-style balconies.

Nemesia

Depending on the variety, nemesia have straight or drooping shoots. Inflorescences reach 50 cm in diameter. Flowers (about 1.5 cm) of yellow, orange, red color appear in large numbers throughout the season. New varieties have increased resistance to high temperatures.

Nemesia grows better in a sunny place, a fertile, moist substrate. Plants are not suitable for storage for the next year. Gardeners propagate nemesia from cuttings.

Ampel flowers

Plants with beautifully hanging branches are a wonderful decoration for any place. This composition is quite demanding in care. This is an option for more experienced gardeners. Their long, dangling shoots, often sprinkled with flowers, will create a beautiful decoration of the balcony. So that the climbing plants for the balcony are clearly visible, it is better to place them in hanging containers, tall pots or balcony drawers, suspended on balustrades or located on a high windowsill. Then the shoots of plants will be able to hang freely, having freedom of growth.

Do not hang containers with flowers on the balcony, which is subject to gusty winds that can damage plants, especially species with fragile shoots (surfinia, geranium).

The most popular ampel balcony flowers:

  • hanging pelargonium
  • plectrantus
  • fuchsia,
  • hanging begonia
  • verbena,
  • surfinia
  • roses
  • a series
  • bakopy
  • petunia,
  • lobelia.

Curly flowers take up little space, and look quite impressive. They can be given the desired shape. The choice of creeper depends on the location of the balcony: in the shade or in the sun.

This is a great offer for people who value arrangements with a touch of romance. Roses provide many opportunities. An interesting option is fuchsia roses, but traditional red is also a good idea. These are excellent flowers for a balcony decorated in modern styles - minimalism, provence, shabby chic. These flowers should be combined with furniture of neutral colors - white, black, beige, gray). Flowerpots are chosen in shades of furniture.

Petunia

Extremely impressive flowers, highly resistant to gardener's mistakes, delight with an abundance of flowering. Petunias bloom intensively in the summer. They can be planted in large floor pots. Look great on a retro-style balcony.

In addition to a huge number of new varieties of traditional petunias with a dense shrubby appearance (about 30 cm high), dozens of cascading varieties with hanging shoots appeared. Petunia flowers reach 2-8 cm in diameter and appear in all colors except blue. The flowers are often striped, two-tone or with corrugated edges of the petals. Traditional petunias make little demands and tolerate water shortages. All species of these plants grow better in the sun. Ampelic varieties need fertile soil, a large amount of moisture, and fertilizing with iron chelates.

Ampelic Pelargonium

You can choose from many varieties with flowers of different colors, there are options with simple and double flowers. Hanging geraniums are great for creating balcony compositions: you can plant geraniums in one container or combine with other colors.

Fuchsia

Earlier, fuchsia reigned mainly in apartments as houseplants. Today there are thousands of varieties - small (20 cm high) and large (60 cm high), living on balconies and terraces. Flowers look great on balconies decorated in oriental style. Depending on the type of fuchsia, they are in the form of trees, planted in hanging baskets or added to multi-colored compositions in boxes. Flowers - in shades of pink, red and purple, often two-tone - appear from early spring to late autumn.

This rather demanding plant looks original. There are many varieties, so the choice is completely dependent on personal preferences. Fuchsia flowers bloom less in the shade. At high temperatures, the frequency of watering the plant increases. Fuchsias are afraid of frost, therefore they are taken out to the street in May and hidden in rooms at the end of September. Store the plant in winter for a long time in a cool place (15-18 ° C).

To maintain a nice, compact crown, in the spring the shoots should be cut in half.

Fuchsia varieties with drooping shoots are best planted individually in hanging containers. There are many varieties with different colors to choose from.

Ampel begonia

Begonias are represented mainly by hybrids originating from tuberous and winter begonias. These plants are more impressive than their ancestors, bloom continuously from May to autumn. Ampelic varieties of begonias can reach up to 60 cm in length.

They need fertile, moist soil and regular fertilization. New varieties show high resistance to adverse weather conditions and fungal diseases. Begonias are sensitive to frost and are planted in drawers on the balcony only after the frost has passed. Tubers of tuberous begonias can be stored and planted in March.

You can choose from many varieties of begonias with different flowers - simple or double. Begonias are not suitable for very sunny balconies, the scorching sun can burn leaves.

Surfinia

Surfinia flower in recent years is unusually popular among plants grown on the balcony. The market offers many varieties of surfinia with hanging shoots, abundantly strewn with flowers of different colors - simple and terry. In addition to typical varieties with cyclamen shades, varieties with dark and light purple, white, light yellow and red can be found. Some (mostly purple) smell good.

Surfinia successfully grows on a sunny balcony (can be put in partial shade), in fertile soil.

Attention, flowers require frequent top dressing - preferably with a special fertilizer for surfinia, and watering - in hot weather 2 times a day!

With water scarcity, surfinia is often the victim of pests and fungal diseases. It does not tolerate heavy rain, wind, not suitable for high open balconies.

Mandeville

Amazing strongly growing vine (growth - 1 meter per season). The stems grow up to 3 meters. It is found under three names: sandaville, diplomacy and mandeville. She has cup-shaped flowers of different shades of pink, red and white, sometimes two-tone or double. Flowers reach 6-8 cm in diameter.

Water the plant should be moderate. Mandeville does not suffer flooding!

The plant blooms profusely from spring to the first frost. Mandeville grows well in sunny, secluded places, requires regular watering. Before the onset of winter, the plant should be transferred to a bright, cool room. Flowers require top dressing with a weak fertilizer solution for flowering species. Supports required.

Succession

The bright yellow flowers of the string are ideal for decorating the balcony. This plant is sold under the Latin name Bidens or "Golden Rain." Inflorescences, depending on the variety, have a diameter of 40-60 cm. They are covered with beautiful bright yellow flowers throughout the season. This is a lush plant, you need to provide enough space so that the flowers do not dominate the composition.

The series loves sunny positions and constantly moist soil. The flowers of the train need to be watered often. It’s best to leave the wintering season in a bright, cool place. Flowers are propagated in the spring by cuttings.

Verbena

In the drawers for the balcony usually planted varieties with hanging shoots. There are varieties on the market with small (3 cm in diameter) or large (5 cm) inflorescences with simple and double flowers. Plants bloom all season. Red, pink and purple varieties predominate, salmon and white flowers are found. Some varieties smell good.

Verbena likes fertile soils, moderate watering, regular fertilizing with fertilizers for flowering plants. In autumn, verbena can be cut and stored in a cool, light place for the next season.

Bacopa

A plant with delicate white flowers looks good in compositions with other species. It has small, delicate, white, pink or purple flowers and fairly long (about 40 cm) overhanging shoots. Bacopa requires a moist substrate and a sunny place or partial shade. Looks great in compositions with other colors.

Lobelia

Probably not one of the plants grown on the loggias and balconies can boast such a pure blue color. There is also a lobelia with pink, purple, white flowers, it goes well with other plants.

A photo. Lobelia and Petunia

Before, lobelia formed only small clusters of tiny flowers, today ampelous varieties appeared with longer, hanging shoots suitable for hanging baskets. Lobelia loves a fertile and slightly moist substrate, sunny position. When it loses its beauty, it can be cut to a height of 15-20 cm - then lobelia will repeat flowering. Propagated by seeds sown in January-February in the greenhouse.

Ampel plants for shady and sunny places

Climbing plants for shady places include:

  • curly hydrangeas,
  • ivy,
  • multifloral and botanical clematis,
  • honeysuckle,
  • girl's grape.

Plants for sunny balconies include:

  • clematis (clematis) Tangut,
  • roses
  • campsys.

Plektrantus (Shporotsvetik) Plektrantus

The main decoration of the flower-leaves is the leaves. The hanging stalks of the plectrantus (also called comedy) are perfectly combined with the decorative flowers of other plant species.

A photo. Plectranthus Decorative Leaves

A photo. Surfinia and Plectrantus

Morning glory

The annual morning glory for the balcony is a curly flower with large (up to 4 cm) flowers of violet, pale pink, lilac, white or pure blue, heart-shaped leaves.The plant grows "instantly", reaching 4 meters in height. It develops well in the sun and partial shade. Easily propagated from seeds. To create a curtain of flowers, they need to be planted tightly in fertile soil. Plants need abundant watering, when the substrate dries, the leaves immediately go down.

Winter balcony

When the autumn and winter days become shorter, colder, the time of the southern plants ends. For the winter they need to be moved to a bright, not frosty room. Frost-resistant species come to the rescue. Such plants in our climate will survive the winter and will grow for many years.

As frost-resistant plants, plants that in cold regions have only a theoretical chance of survival are often recommended. In the case of imported species, it may turn out that this “stamina” refers to the country of origin. When buying plants that are resistant to frost, one should take into account not only the climatic zone, but also local conditions. The climate in the city is always milder than in the surrounding area. On balconies glazed and sheltered from the wind and additionally directed to the south, winters are plants that are more sensitive to low temperatures.

Plants that survive the winter in our environment, decorating the balcony all year

Names and descriptionsA photo
Boxwood is an evergreen, long-lived shrub with slow growth
Rhododendrons and azaleas - even after flowering, retain a decorative look thanks to dark green leathery leaves
Leukotoe Defontaine - bush with dark green leaves
White spruce
Mountain pine
Creeping juniper
Heather
Dwarf thuja

Plants wintering on an open balcony should be planted in pots and containers that are resistant to frost. Evergreen species do not fall into rest in the winter, so in the autumn you need to water them, and in the winter to water during the thaw.

Weigela

Shrub grows relatively fast, requires regular pruning. Works as a natural separation between adjacent balconies. The shrub has delicate, pale pink flowers.

Barberry

Barberry is a rather rare shrub. Decoration is flowers and flowering shoots. The leaves are extremely attractive all year round, in the late autumn and winter they acquire an intense red color. Not afraid of low temperatures.

Garden hydrangea

There are varieties of garden hydrangeas intended for cultivation in pots. The bush is strewn with flower balls. Looks better in ceramic large pots. Hydrangea is not resistant to frost; in winter it cannot be stored on the terrace.

Citrus

Citrus trees (lemons, oranges, tangerines) are ideal for a balcony with an exotic design. All citrus trees can only be outdoors during the warmer months. For the winter they are transferred home.

Forest on the balcony

A small, limited balcony can become a small forest. A modest pine or birch, an accumulation of wild herbs will help to take your eyes off the computer screen, allowing you to forget about the bustle and much more conducive to relaxation than a holiday of floral colors. True, such a grove is difficult to compare with wildlife, but even for birds it is attractive. Sparrows and titmouse on tree branches are looking for food.

When planning to create a container grove, it is worth choosing the right pots. For small plants, ordinary flower pots are suitable. A one and a half meter tree requires a 7-10 liter container. It is important to make drain holes, the container should not be too heavy, crack from frost. It can be a wooden terrace box, which can be found in any large garden center.

Gray fescue

Extremely popular type of ornamental grass. Of particular note is the beautiful steel color. It copes well with severe frosts, it can stay on the balcony even for the winter. Phenomenally looks in combination with heather.

Landing time

The key is landing time. In April, you can plant all the plants planted in the spring. Some flowers need to be transferred to the room in the evening, especially roses, begonias. Therefore, it is useful to delay their landing a little to avoid night frosts. Plants can not be transferred from the balcony to a heated room, they are placed in an unheated room.

The following flower seedlings are located in a sunny place:

Most seedlings of balcony plants can be transferred to the balcony only in May, when the risk of frost is minimal.

Soil, drainage, fertilizer

Before planting a balcony plant, it is necessary to make a special drainage layer. You can create it from pebbles, small pieces of porcelain, expanded clay, particles from broken clay pots. Due to drainage, excess water will be effectively discharged, the roots of plants will not rot. The drainage layer also guarantees the optimal amount of oxygen needed for efficient growth.

A good substrate must be permeable and at the same time have the ability to retain water. Universal flower soil can be used for most balcony plants.

Soil is poured onto the drainage. It is important to choose a high-quality floral substrate containing a large amount of nutrients. Substrates come in different types:

  • universal
  • designed for a specific group of plants.

Substrates having fertilizers in the form of granules deserve attention. These substances are released over time, positively affecting plant growth. The effect of this fertilizer is 2-3 months.

Landing patterns

When planting several plants in one pot, it is necessary to maintain certain distances between them. Too small a distance will lead to the fact that the flowers will not be able to grow freely, will not look good.

When transplanting, it is necessary to ensure that the plants are in the ground at the same depth:

  • it’s important not to plant them too deep, otherwise the roots are especially vulnerable to rot,
  • too finely planted plants may fall, be damaged by strong winds, and will not grow stably.

Landing process

The landing process itself is not too complicated. The container, the pot is filled with soil at 75%. The substrate is well moisturized. After placing the plants in the container, the soil is poured very carefully with your hand so as not to damage the roots, shoots. The soil is slightly compacted, the plants are watered.

Care after landing

Seedlings need to be protected from excessive sun. At least in the first few days, balcony flowers are put in a light shade (this applies even to varieties that love the sun). Proper care will bring the desired results very quickly.

If the flower begins to produce the first buds, leaves, it means that the planting process was successful.

If the plants hibernate on the balcony, they must be adequately protected from the cold - to wrap the pots with agrofibre and other insulation.

Watering

It is necessary to remember about regular not too plentiful watering. It is better to water the plant more often with less water.

Balcony flowers usually stand in the sun and therefore need frequent watering. Depending on the location of the balcony, weather conditions and plant species, you need to water 1-2 times a day. In the absence of water, the plants will not immediately fade, at first they will lose flowers. It is better to water the flowers early in the morning, and, if necessary, again in the evening.

You can use tap water. Only plants requiring an acidic environment should be watered with boiled water. The basic rule that applies to almost all flowers: water cannot stand in a pot. With excess moisture, the roots begin to rot quickly.

Fertilizer

Many begin to feed too quickly. You need to know how to properly grow each plant on the balcony, there are different needs for feeding. The first time you can feed the flowers 3 weeks after planting.

You can apply liquid fertilizer, which is added once a week to water for irrigation. But only until August. Late autumn shoots do not have time to lignify and mature before winter, will be unstable to frost.

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