Some specimens in the garden bloom wildly from early spring to late August, and as works of art attract enthusiastic looks, others are at the epicenter due to the decorativeness of leaves and fruits. But even in the category of beloved and reliable include garden plants that bloom to the very frosts.
The riot and juiciness of the colors faded by the end of the summer palette add annual and perennial plants that are not afraid of the weather and sudden changes in temperature. A brief description of the most famous representatives of the autumn flower bed is presented below.
One-year-old cold-resistant aster is undemanding to growing conditions. These flowers are classified depending on the height of the stem (undersized - up to 40 cm, tall - 60 cm), the terry of the flower and the shape of the petals. Neutral acidity of the soil and moderate watering are the main requirements of the annual.
Bright and airy one-year asters are dazzling in the autumn flowerbed
Zinnia grows up to 90 cm, flowers are slightly aromatic. It is photophilous and withstands freezing no more than -1 ° C. Long preserves freshness in bouquets.
Many shades and ease of care encourage each grower to diversify their garden with charming zinnias
Marigolds are decorative from July to the end of October, they are not afraid of frosts down to -3 ° C, in addition, they grow and bloom in any conditions. Abundantly flowering plants, native to Mexico, are short and tall, with shaggy and simple inflorescences.
Marigold shades range from bright yellow to brown-orange
Gelenium is a herbaceous plant reaching 150 cm; brick-yellow daisy flowers, but with a contrasting yellow or red frill along the edge of the petals, are located on erect stems. Geleniums can easily grow in the shade, tolerate frosts up to -3 ° C, but prefer fertile soil with good drainage. The flowers of this plant look good in living bouquets, in floristry as a dried flower and in the background flower beds.
Gelenium flowers look good in living bouquets, like a dried flower in floristry and in the background flower beds
Autumnal annual flowers are mainly propagated by seeds.
Chrysanthemum is the queen of the autumn ball of flowers. It is quite frost-resistant (flowers and leaves do not freeze during short-term frosts up to -5 ° C), undemanding to watering. For abundant flowering, it is necessary to regularly feed with organic and mineral fertilizers.
A variety of colors and flower shapes, a specific wormwood aroma and ease of care - all this makes you fall in love with the late-autumn beauty-chrysanthemum
Stonecrop (sedum) with simple pinkish-smoky flowers, collected in umbrellas, is also attractive for its thick leaves. The plant blooms from early September until the first days of November and is not at all afraid of frost (up to -5 ° C). It grows better in the shade, it requires moisture in excess. Stony soil and the absence of fertilizing do not affect the flowering and growth of shrubs. For propagation of stonecrop, bushes are divided at any time during the growing season.
Scum is not picky, even a beginner grower can grow it
Flowers - pompons of gentle shades on tall bushes (from 70 to 150 cm) - this is an English rose. Unlike its relatives, it is unpretentious and blooms to the very frosts. For lush flowering, organic and mineral fertilizers are regularly added. Powerful bushes require garter and timely pruning.
English rose until late autumn pleases with its luxurious flowering
Bright yellow tufts of goldenrod (solidago) will decorate any corner of the garden until frosts down to -1 -3 ° C. This plant is represented by tall varieties up to 1.5–1.8 m and dwarfs - not higher than 40 cm. Goldenrod is a honey plant that exudes a spicy aroma, tall specimens are hedge and partial shade for low-growing neighbors. Shrub unpretentious, propagated by root layers.
In addition to the described advantages, goldenrod has healing properties: solidus translated from Latin as “healthy”
Hydrangea is a shrub that blooms from mid-summer to late autumn. The plant consists of many species, differing in color and shape of the petals, height and splendor of the bush. Hydrangea is gorgeous in bouquets. This perennial is hygrophilous and responsive to top dressing; for a successful wintering, the shoots must be insulated, blooms until mid-October.
In late autumn, panicle hydrangea not only flowers, but also foliage look decorative
Buddleya David - exotic for temperate latitudes with lilac or ink-purple tassels from small fragrant inflorescences, grows up to 2.5 m. The plant does not like drafts, for abundant flowering, it is necessary to make fertilizing. It blooms from early June to the last days of October. You can propagate a perennial shrub using seeds and cuttings. For the winter, they cover the buddha.
Buddleya David is an excellent honey plant and a favorite of butterflies, so the plant was nicknamed the “butterfly shrub”
Table: other plants blooming before frost
|Title||Plant characteristics||Features of the development of culture|
|Astra New Belgian (September)|
Photogallery of cold-resistant flowering plants
New Belgian aster imported from North America, blooms from mid-September until the first frosts (up to -5 ° C). It looks more like a shrub, as it grows to 1.5 m, is unpretentious, we call it the september. But do not confuse it with the Alpine - this one is much lower, the flowers are larger and larger in diameter, and China is recognized as the birthplace of this plant. A flowering plant is more finicky and hibernates only under cover.
It is the short days when the sun does not warm so much, and in the morning fog spreads and dew appears, are considered the most suitable period for many flowering plants. Bright and saturated colors of plants of autumn flower beds cause only positive emotions and help to cope with autumn depression. The cultures that are grown during this period easily tolerate temperature changes, are not capricious and are not afraid of light frosts. And, for example, ornamental cabbage grows almost all of November.
Plants of autumn flower beds and their names
The queen of autumn flowers is called chrysanthemum, which has many varieties, flower shapes and a riot of colors. Inflorescences are kept on sprawling and lush bushes almost to frost. Late varieties of roses with shades of cream, pale pink, tea and lemon are especially popular with gardeners. Gelenium bushes, completely strewn with bright orange or brown-brick flowers with delicate greens, give the flowerbed originality. Sentyabrins and asters are the plants of autumn flower beds loved by many. The first - with the classic tones of white or red petals, and the second - with bright purple and heavenly shades. The late varieties of high dahlias are admirable. They look especially impressive in single plantings, causing enthusiasm for large flowers of various colors. Red or orange crocosmia, which has leaves in the shape of a sword, fits perfectly into the bordering of flower beds with asters of purple or lilac color. Tsiniya does not fade to the very frosts and attracts attention with elegant orange, white and red-raspberry shades. Lilac, white and blue arrows of the delphinium look good in autumn flower beds, which pleases with rich and bright colors. In the shaded area, Japanese anemone and tricirtis add charm. Shrubs with bright balls of hydrangea and raspberry heather look incomparable. You can list autumn flowers endlessly. Each gardener can experiment and choose the most suitable options from several plants for the autumn flower garden.
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In September, usually the weather conditions do not differ much from the summer, any cardinal changes can be replaced only by the end of the first autumn month. Due to such natural generosity, some September flowers, such as gerberas and annual asters, continue to bloom in early autumn, but they, unfortunately, are not susceptible to impending cold weather and the lack of sufficient sunlight. Therefore, in most cases, such plants are grown as annuals, given the large number of cold regions in the country.
But the October weather conditions are already very different from the summer. During this period, most of the summer garden plants have already faded, and almost every gardener wants to see the magic of flowers for as long as possible. Fortunately, Mother Nature did not deprive October of her attention, creating many wonderful masterpieces.
With the advent of November, the garden was already very empty, the trees prepared for the winter days, dropping the leaves from the branches. At such a time of year, I even more want to enjoy the flowers, plunging into the corner of flowering plants. The air is filled with special nostalgic aromas. Flowering plants in the last month of autumn are somehow special, like a gift before the coming cold.
What are autumn flowers? In addition to September, October and November, garden plants are divided into perennial and annual. Perennial flowers include such representatives who are able to grow in the same place for several seasons in a row. Among perennials there are many interesting species. Annual annual flower representatives can reach very large sizes in comparison with perennial ones. Their choice is also diverse.
As a matter of fact, large and small, red and yellow autumn flowers with names and photos are presented below.
Shrub chrysanthemum is one of the most popular ornamental plants found in autumn gardens. Her flowers can have a variety of colors, including shades such as white, lilac, burgundy, as well as red, yellow and orange. Also, blooms can vary in size of bushes and inflorescences.
Early varieties of spray chrysanthemum bloom from late summer to October, and later can wait until frost. Such flowers are unpretentious to weather conditions, but still have some requirements. Chrysanthemum needs light soil, deeply loosened. Organic compounds in the fertilizer process are welcome.
Despite the fact that chrysanthemum loves moisture, in the cold period it needs drainage (drainage of the soil). This plant needs a surface mulch coating to protect and save the crop from exposure to low temperatures.
Oaks, or Chinese chrysanthemums, are also popular. They bloom until the onset of severe frosts. The composition of the soil is unimportant to the oaks, however, sunlight is necessary.
Among the autumn perennial flowers, first of all, asters stand out. The plant takes a rather high place in the list for the popularity of autumn flowers due to its long flowering. In nature, there are a huge variety of flower varieties. Asters begin to bloom in the first two months of autumn, due to which they are popularly called "septrins" and "octobrins." As in the case of chrysanthemums, the aster is divided into varieties for every taste, differing not only in height and size of the bush, but also in color.
Aster flower can be white, blue, or pink. This is a very unpretentious plant, easily propagating, and also easily related to mild frosts. Abundant aster flowering can continue until the beginning of winter, decorating the garden with its bright colors. There can be so many flowers on the bush that the foliage of the plant under them will not be visible. Types of asters are divided into annual and perennial.
Dahlias are undoubtedly an excellent decoration for any garden. They can do without a lot of sunlight, and also any kind of soil can fit them. It is worth paying attention that these flowers like moderate hydration, an excess of moisture can be fatal. In total, six main species are distinguished: pion-shaped, anemic, needle-shaped dahlias, collar-headed, as well as spherical and nymphaeal.
Distinctive features are the shape, as well as the size of the plants, which can reach ten to twelve centimeters. Currently, dahlias know about twenty thousand varieties. These flowers are thermophilic, so that their flowering continues only to the first low temperatures. Small frosts are detrimental to dahlias.
Datura is an annual, which is characterized by long flowering and incredible deep aroma of its flowers, reminiscent of the shape of a bell. Due to the specific smell, the plant was popularly called dope. Datura is an unpretentious plant growing no longer in height but in breadth. With enough light and active care, a lush bush can bloom until late autumn.
The volume of the datura depends on the lighting, and a shadow location can completely lead to death. The plant should be watered abundantly, because its foliage evaporates a large amount of moisture. The soil should undergo drainage and abundant enrichment with organic nutrients.
Many people know these bright autumn yellow flowers with a brown core, making the plant very similar to a giant chamomile. The stem of rudbeckia can reach three meters in height, and the leaves - more than 20 centimeters. Blooms such a miracle until the frost. Rudbeckia prefers richly moistened ground, may be in the shade and not wait for special care. The plant goes well with various coniferous shrubs.
Autumn flowers in the photo - elegant zinnia. This plant is quite popular with gardeners. The form of this culture is largely dependent on the species. The size of the flower can reach ten centimeters, and the color scheme is very diverse and numerous. Elegant zinnia needs nutritious soil, plenty of sunlight and a place protected from the wind. Such a plant is ideal for decorating garden beds and even balconies.
This plant is often used by gardeners as an annual. Antirrinum got its name due to the fact that its small flowers in shape resemble a lion's mouth. Red, yellow, snow-white, pink, violet - autumn flowers surprise with a variety of possible color shades. Plants can be either tall, up to eighty centimeters high, or undersized, not exceeding twenty centimeters. Inflorescences of antirrinum are located on a straight and strong stem in the form of a cone, and their length can reach thirty centimeters.
Snapdragon begins to bloom in the summer, and stops - with the onset of frosty days. The flower prefers light earth with plenty of sunlight. Nevertheless, the plant is unpretentious, and the removal of faded inflorescences can lead to the development of lateral processes strewn with bright flowers. Antirrinum is perfect for decorating borders and flower beds.
Among the most common varieties are bright yellow Lemonade, Orange Volcano, and pink Diamond. Also, flowers such as the black Schwartz Prince and the snow-white Schneeflex enjoy special beauty.
This plant is a real miracle of nature, revealing over the bush with a thick hat of incredible sunny, crimson, orange flowers, the size of which does not exceed four centimeters. The flower is completely unpretentious. Its height can reach 1.5 meters. Gelenium prefers to grow in moist and fertilized soil. The plant will look great on the banks of ponds, as well as a great addition to a flower bed. One of the most common varieties of gelenium is terry.
These lilac autumn flowers are perennial. Late flowering is characteristic of them. It is amazing that such spring tenderness and beauty appears among the withering colors. The plant does not exceed a height of twenty centimeters. Colchicum is very unpretentious, but it is able to fascinate with its sophistication and sophistication. Currently, there are about seventy different varieties of this flower.
The plant prefers light soil and plentiful solar accompaniment. Despite all the attractiveness and beauty, colchicum is a poisonous plant, you should be careful with it.
In order to admire the buds in the autumn, you need to know what flowers bloom in the fall, choose the right seeds, provide them with a good planting, care and timely watering. Special respect in almost all regions is enjoyed by:
- autumn gelenium,
- window sill
Classification of Autumn Flowers
Before planting flowers in your personal plot, you need to decide what types they are. Flowers, pleasing with their bloom in autumn, differ not only in the play of colors, but also in the long flowering time. Many of them bloom throughout September, October, and some can hold out until the first frost.
Flowers have a wide variety of colors and shades, ranging from yellow, orange, red, ending with pink, purple, blue. The shape of the flowers themselves also has a great variety.
Landscape designers masterfully apply all these distinctive features when planting flowers. So, for example, experienced gardeners will combine plants by their flowers and flowering time. Also, in the correct formulation of a composition of flowers, their height plays an important role. No competent gardener can plant a tall plant in front of a low one, and growing and dense plants will be shaded by single specimens.
From a scientific point of view, these types of autumn-flowering plants are distinguished:
- Annuals. These include the most common flowering plants: marigolds, dimorphotheque, alissum, godetia, zinnia, ageratum, cosmea, and many others.
- Perennial. Among the perennial autumn flowers, the most popular are dahlias, chrysanthemums, gladiolus, roses, hydrangea, colchium, helenium, stonecrop, salvia, asters. The last flower applies not only to perennials, but also to annuals.
Of course, most gardeners and gardeners prefer to grow perennials on their flower beds, because you do not need to worry about their annual planting, but this does not apply to bulbous perennials. Besides they are unpretentious in leaving, to the soil and lighting.
Perennials propagate by seeds, cuttings, bulbs and dividing the bush. It is best to plant them in early spring and late summer - early fall.
The first month of autumn does not differ much from weather conditions from summer, a noticeable difference appears only at the end of the month. For this reason, summer flowers still grow in the gardens, for example, annual aster, gerbera, begonia and others. However, summer flowering plants are very susceptible to temperature changes and inadequate sun exposure. Therefore, when the temperature drops, these flowers quickly fade.
But, as mentioned above, short-day plants come to replace the summer flowers to decorate the autumn garden. Photos of autumn flowers will be presented in the following sections.
"Majors" or elegant zinnia
It belongs to perennial plants, has a smooth stem, the height of which can reach from 20 to 90 cm, the leaves are deep green, medium-sized, have a heart shape. On a long peduncle there is a lush inflorescence resembling a basket, the petals are imbued, and their edges are slightly concave inward. The diameter of the flower can reach 10 cm.
Note! Zinnia prefers to grow in nutritious soil, under abundant lighting and protected from the wind.
Other September flowers
Plants blooming in September include the following species:
All these plants are able to make the garden plot colorful, bright and unusual.
This month is characterized by the onset of cold weather, a change in weather that is no longer similar to summer or September. At this time, most flowers fade, and the garden becomes noticeably empty. But nevertheless, there are autumn flowers, the names of which will be presented below, which can please your look in October.
Pansies (Violet Vitrocca or Viola)
It belongs to short and perennial plants, is resistant to frost, resembles violet in the shape of flowers and their petals. Viola can grow in shaded areas, but there its flowering will not be so plentiful. Violet Vitrocca has a great color variety. It does not tolerate excess moisture, prefers to grow in loamy soil.
Such a flower will perfectly decorate balconies, flowerpots, borders along paths and other garden areas.
It is considered one of the most popular flowers that bloom in autumn. Grows in areas with soil containing sufficient nutrients. On fertile land, its green mass grows, and the number of flowers decreases, on poor land, nasturtium loses its decorative qualities. Almost all types of this garden autumn flower belong to annual plants.
Among the common types of nasturtium are the following:
- Bush Nasturtium - annual shrubs are small in size, reach a height of 30 cm. They look great in landscaping, along the curb, in flowerpots.
- Curly - an annual plant used to create hedges, decorating balconies, walls, fences.
- Ampelic - refers to annual plants, used for vertical gardening of garden areas, in the decoration of buildings.
- Terry - annual plant, more often used in landscape design.
In height, the bushes of this garden culture can reach from 25-30 cm to 2-3 meters. It prefers to grow in areas well lit by the sun.
Today, there are approximately 90 varieties of nasturtium that are suitable for every taste. In cold areas and regions, perennial nasturtium is the most common, which can withstand temperatures up to -20 ° Celsius.
Other October flowers
Other plants blooming in October are:
And many other flowers will warm you in October with their aroma and riot of colors.
And here comes the end of autumn. All the trees dropped their foliage, the garden was noticeably empty and began to seem even more gray and gloomy. It is at this time of the approaching winter and the upcoming long period of cold and frost that one wants to admire for the last time the bright colors that, like lights, will appear in the autumn garden and fill the air with their wonderful aroma, so much reminiscent of summer. Below will be presented autumn flowers with names and photos that will please you in November.
Most plants that began flowering in September or October have not yet lost their appeal and charm by the end of autumn.
Relate to both perennial and annual species of plants. This flower has more than 50 varieties, striking in its beauty and variety of palettes, the flowers of this plant vary in colors from bright yellow to brick red, creating a delightful colorful carpet. This plant has an unrivaled aroma, grows in small bushes, the height of which varies from 0.2 m to 1.2 m.
Flowering tagetis continues until the frosts. Depending on the structure and shape of the flowers, marigolds are divided into:
It is another of the messengers of the past summer. About 20 species of this plant are distinguished, among which there are both annual and perennial varieties. Petunia can withstand almost any weather conditions, does not have any particular preferences in the place of planting and in a certain type of soil, which makes the flower even more attractive for gardeners.
The petunia stem can be either upright or creeping on the ground, for the most part it does not exceed 10 cm. It is a wonderful decoration of garden areas, and especially in late autumn, due to the presence of a large riot of colors.
Refers to evergreens, which makes it an excellent decoration of the autumn garden. Although rhododendron blooms in June, after the flowers wither, the amazing emerald-colored foliage remains, which will bring summer notes to the gloomy November garden. Katevbinsky grandiflorum rhododendron can be distinguished as the most frost-resistant variety of rhododendron.
The plant has a height of up to 4 m, has a lush crown. It is a find for gardeners, since rhododendron is unpretentious in care, grows rapidly (up to 8-12 cm per year) and is able to live up to 100 years. It grows in slightly acidic, acidic, peat or loamy soil.
This plant has an unusual variety in colors, is an amazingly beautiful plant, which is also characterized by abundant flowering. A late type of phlox is panicled phlox - a lushly flowering tall shrub plant that has flowers of all kinds of colors and shades: from pink and bright red to purple.
The most popular types of phloxes are:
- snow-white "Anna",
- Crème de Mente,
- tricolor Margri and others.
Of course, one cannot fail to mention the beauty queen among the flowers - a rose, some of its frost-resistant varieties can bloom, thereby pleasing the eye even after light frosts. To date, breeders have bred a huge variety of rose varieties that are able to survive the winter and still continue to bloom even when the onset of cold and frost.
These winter-hardy varieties include park crops, as well as selective American and Canadian varieties. At the same time, the choice of colors is so diverse that even the most demanding gardener can find a rose variety to his taste.
Other November flowers
Other flowers that continue to bloom in November include:
Rules for placing autumn flowering plants on the site
Plants are placed on a flower bed or other garden area not randomly, but in a special order, adhering to certain combination rules in terms of color, size, height, and splendor of flowering. This order is necessary not only to create the most harmonious composition, but also so that the plants do not interfere with each other and can grow and develop in full. So, when composing a composition of autumn (or other) flowers, the following characteristics should be considered:
- flowering period and duration,
- ability to overgrow
- accessibility for weeding.
Some flowering plants will most favorably highlight lawns or hide farm buildings, while others will delight the eye immediately after the snow melts. Autumn flowering is usually slightly hidden, that is, planted away for those varieties that will bloom earlier. And, of course, each plant should select the appropriate place, type of soil.
Having dealt with what flowers bloom in autumn, I want to add that autumn flowering plants are no less attractive than spring and summer, and have the same variety of species and colors.
Touching autumn garden flowers reminiscent of early spring similarity to primroses. A variety of colors and shapes of buds will look beneficial against the background of stones. Anemones bloom with good care and in the right place until the frost.
In gardening, there are almost 150 species of plants, but the following varieties are considered recognized:
- Forest - height 0.5 meters, flower diameter - about 7 cm.
- Japanese - 40 cm with small groups of buds.
- Crowned - about 25 centimeters in height and with flowers with a diameter of 6 cm.
- Tender - about 20 cm from the ground.
There are two types of anemone - tuberous and rhizome. The division of rhizomes is carried out in the spring - cut so that on each part there are buds for growing greenery. The tubers are first left to swell for 2-3 hours in warm water.
It is recommended to plant anemones in fertile loose soil with the addition of sand and wood ash in partial shade to a depth of 3-7 cm. They are determined immediately with a constant habitat of the plant, because the anemone categorically does not accept transplantation. Regular, but not plentiful watering of the flower is recommended.
Common autumn flowers in the garden, both annual and perennial varieties are popular. Branched stems with flowers delight the eye to the very frosts.
The variety of types of asters is amazing, they are divided into three groups according to their height:
- Dwarf aster - no more than 45 cm.
- Low - about 80 centimeters in height.
- Tall - 1.5 meters.
Depending on the variety, the soil, the place for planting, fertilizers and the frequency of watering are chosen. This flower is planted with seeds and seedlings, in spring or autumn.
Unlike many autumn flowers, the aster does not require special care, it is sufficient to water and fertilize it in a timely manner once or twice during the period of growth and flowering. Small-flowered asters do not require garters to support and are not afraid of night frosts, which makes life easier for the gardener.
A plant in the astro family that has earned respect for its help in pest control. The height of these plants ranges from 20 to 120 cm with buds of yellow, brown or orange color with a diameter of 2-10 cm.
There are three types of marigolds in height:
Planting is done with seedlings and seeds in open ground, bloom after 1.5-2 months.
Unpretentious, cold-resistant, bloom well after transplanting seedlings into fertilized soil. Recommended watering as it dries, without plenty of moisture.
Perennial with a wooden stem root, a trunk of green with shades of red in the lower part of the color. Upright shoots with oval or elliptical foliage. The height of the goldenrod ranges from 30 cm to 2 meters and has small fibers throughout the plant. Of the various varieties stand out:
This autumn plant blooms from May to October. It tolerates both arid and frosty weather conditions. Attract insects with small plentiful flowers.
Propagate the goldenrod in several ways:
Goldenrod does not require special care, regular watering in dry weather and garter of tall bushes will help this plant bloom for as long and brighter as possible. In winter, the flower does not need shelter, just cut the stems and leave 15 cm from the ground.
Crocosmia, Tritonia, Japanese gladiolus
A decorative, spectacular plant of the iris family with bright orange, rich red or golden yellow flowers with a characteristic smell of saffron.
Crocosmia is not enjoying due popularity among summer residents, but it is already winning the hearts of gardeners with beauty and unpretentiousness. If in the autumn, before the onset of frost, dig and transplant the plant into a special pot, you can extend the life of the flower for another month in a cool place in a city apartment, for example, on the balcony.
Planting is carried out by corms, children and seeds. It is recommended to sow in February or March, as the seedlings grow older, they are planted in pots and already in May they are transplanted into the open ground. Corms are recommended to be planted in late April or early May.
A perennial plant, flowering in the autumn season, unpretentious in care and has a fibrous root system.
The height of the plant is 0.5-1.5 meters with leaves of about 6 cm of emerald or grayish color. Saxifrages have small flowers, which are collected in racemose, paniculate inflorescences, or are located singly.
The color of the buds is diverse - white, pink, yellow, red or rich raspberry. In severe climatic conditions, the flower is grown as an annual, as the plant will not be able to transfer the cold temperature.
Monarda and the windowsill
Monarda has about 20 varieties of annuals and perennials.
The height of the plant reaches 1.5 meters and has a straight, branched stem with emerald leaves with a pleasant smell.
The shape of the leaves is jagged, elongated, and flowers with a diameter of about 7 cm have a variety of colors - purple, white, red, yellow or speckled.
Monarda begins to bloom in June and fades by October, it should be remembered that this plant is used in the preparation of tea and food and for a long time the flower was mistaken for bergamot.
Another interesting plant that blooms from mid-summer until late autumn, having not only beautiful inflorescences, but also medical benefits - window sill. It is used to treat inflammatory processes and injured skin areas.
The height of the flower reaches 2 meters and ends with inflorescences with a diameter of 25 cm. The foliage is green with purple or dark red stains. Small flowers of white, pink or beige color have a pleasant smell during flowering.
The flower is planted mainly with seedlings, but if an unstable plant gets into the open ground, it will not take root. The window sill blooms on the beds located on the sunny side, from mid-summer to the coldest. A fairly resistant plant to frost and pest attacks.
AUTUMN FLOWERS - 45 titles (photo, sowing, care) + flowerbed design.
Good afternoon. Today I am starting an article on creating a luxurious autumn flower bed. I really want that not only in the summer, our flower beds bloomed with magnificent colors. I want to prove that you can create a flower bed that will be filled with bright autumn flowers. Therefore, here I will gradually explain everything that I could find out about the most beautiful autumn flowers - and there will be as many as 23 varieties of flowers, so you can choose the most elegant flower bed blooming until late autumn. So this is what we have on the agenda.
- WHAT AUTUMN FLOWERS live best in our Eurasian climate.
- How to grow Autumn flowers (plant, feed).
- What soil do they like, shadow level.
- And most importantly, how to rrelieve autumn flowers in the flowerbed (to get an elegant design).
Tritsirtis is a decorative autumn flower native to Japan. As a matter of fact, it is not so much decorative as tropical, due to its unusual appearance. White star-shaped flowers with many different inclusions, the effect of transfusion of shades, as well as bright and saturated colors. This combination gives the image of a garden located in a different climate zone. Tricirtis can take root in any region due to the fact that it copes well without the sun, but does not like dry soil. Favorite place of a flower is moist earth in partial shade.
In addition to the aforementioned flowers, September plants can also include such as gladioli, decorative sunflowers, tuber begonias, colchicum, Jerusalem artichoke, marigolds, fuchsia, calendula, laureate, euphorbia, coreopsis, gelenium, cornflower, perennial, and many other species that can create a fragrant and colorful atmosphere in any soda area.
If we single out exclusively October plants, we can also mention flowers such as ageratum, gatsaniya, panicle hydrangea, kobe, lantana, daisies, pelargonium, salvia, spotted window sill and other species. Thanks to the aromas and lush flowering of these beautiful plants, October will not take the summer away from the garden.
Among other things, there are many more plants that are frost-resistant, able to maintain a garden green island almost until the end of November. It is worth noting that among these colors stand out: Waller's balsam, nemesia, fuchsia, dimorphic notch.
For the first line of the flowerbed.
So we will start with the lowest autumn flowers - which are planted along the edge of the flower beds - at the curb. Therefore, they are called border.
Often, flower beds are chosen for the border line soil flowers. They are so called because they cover the soil with a thick carpet of flowers - such a carpet grows very quickly to the sides, capturing all the bald patches of land and the edge of the flower bed looks beautiful and well-groomed.
We start our list of border low autumn flowers with just such a soil autumn flower as Ageratum.
Flower design from asters and chrysanthemums
The background is preferable to use tall classic chrysanthemums, they have a lot of greenery, and the flowers are dense. To plant asters on the leading edge, it is best New England or New Belgian with a small bush height. Particular attention should be paid to the color palette. For example, tall flowers in pink, and low - burgundy, white or scarlet. In addition, several cereal crops are included in the composition.
Chrysanthemum flower garden
The main emphasis, of course, is given to the autumn "queen" of burgundy and bronze hue. Golden rudbeckia will be well combined with it, and a pink sedum should be put on the edge of the flowerbed. Many gardeners call her the queen for plentiful and long flowering in the autumn. In China, from ancient times cultivated this beautiful plant. It is recognized as a magic flower not only in this country, but also in Japan.
There is even a special ritual dedicated to its presentation. From the second half of the eighteenth century, this amazing flower became known to Europeans. To date, more than 600 varieties and varieties that differ in flowering time, the shape and size of the petals, the length of the pedicels and color have been bred. This plant is unpretentious for autumn flower beds, but prefers well-lit places, does not like stagnation of water. It can be propagated in several ways, using cuttings, seeds or dividing the bush. To form large flowers, the side shoots are removed, leaving no more than three buds.
Autumn flower annual.
That's how it looks close. You met him in the beds of the city and village.
And here is an example of a flower bed where a video is how exactly this autumn flower strengthens the flower bed and how high this poles reach in reality. As we see no higher than 7 cm. Just for the first line of the flowerbed.
POSEV can be on seedlings or immediately in open ground. And in that and in that case, it is better to cover the soil with a film and constantly moisten it from a bullet machine - so that a greenhouse effect is created under the film. So you quickly get strong shoots.
FLOWER STIMULATION. In order for the ageratum to give little grass but many flowers, its stems need to be cut - that is, to thin out the density of the branches, leaving several branches on the stem. Then the plant’s strength will not be spent on leaves and it will give more flowers.
NUTRITION. This autumn flower does not like fresh manure. Feed with mineral fertilizers and humus. He likes watering, but does not like too much dampness.
WINTERING. In our climate, the ageratum does not survive the winter, and therefore in the spring it needs to be re-planted. Or you can transplant the most beautiful bushes into a pot and bring them into the house, on the veranda or balcony.
VIRULENCE. Ageratum - has poisonous leaves. They cause allergic reactions on the skin and mucous membranes. If you have a child who pulls everything in his mouth, then refrain from this plant.
One-year autumn flower.
PLACE OF LANDING. Only a sunny area, in the shade this flower will not give inflorescences, and if it releases flowers, it will not open the buds in a shady flower bed, and will keep it closed. His homeland is Africa - he can be understood.
Therefore, if the border of your flower bed mercilessly burns the sun - then you are lucky you can create a bright scattering of colorful African color stars. Summer and autumn, they will delight you with their southern optimism.
They also bloom wonderfully at home - in pots, like potted plants. 4 seedlings of this autumn flower are planted in a pot for splendor.
As you can see from the photo, these autumn flowers are low, so their planting line is the border border zone of the flower bed.
SOWING. At the end of March, under a film, water. But do not let dampness stagnate (remember that the flower is African and it is not familiar to him with excessive dampness. They love heat - therefore it is better to keep seedlings at 18 degrees. But before planting in the ground, you need to accustom them to lower temperatures. Periodically take out at 10 degrees - first at a few hours, and then leave them in such a cool room forever.Landing in open ground - when the night temperature will be at least 10 degrees, and this is the end of May.
VIRULENCE. In their African homeland, these flowers eaten, as part of salads. Therefore, this type safe for children. From can be grown near the playgrounds or in kindergarten.
Autumn flower perennial.
Estoltius blooms all summer and autumn. Her bright orange flowers are like bonfire lights. The flower is low - so we plant it along the edge of the flowerbed.
PLACE OF LANDING. Only the sun. This autumn flower adores the sun, drinks it, bathes in it. And all the flowers open only in order to catch and absorb the sun's rays. In cloudy weather, the flowers may not even bother opening the bud, which is in vain to spread the petals without a celestial body.
THE SOIL. Eshstoltzia loves dry drainage soils - mostly sandy. It grows well on alpine hills among the stones in the gravel road. DOES NOT LIKE acid heavy (clay loamy) soils. He doesn’t like damp flower beds.
In addition to orange species, red and yellow are found.
SOWING. This summer-autumn flower is completely unpretentious in sowing. You can simply throw seeds into the soil, periodically water it so that it does not dry out in the crust (it is difficult for seeds to break through the dry crust armor) and soon you will see a floral carpet of this California miracle. It is best to mulch the seeds thrown into the ground (with chopped leaves, sawdust, straw, bark - this will also prevent moisture from evaporating quickly and prevent crusting on the soil surface. And the seeds will sprout quickly and quickly. If you keep the seeds on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator (temper) - then sowing can be done immediately after the snow melts.
WATERING AND NUTRITION. Eshstoltzia loves the sun and therefore easily relates to the aridity of the soil. She firmly holds her thin neck even on the hottest, driest days, patiently waiting for rain or watering. For this patient flowering, all gardeners love and respect him. Water the flowers in the eveningwhen the cups of the flower have already closed.
FLOWER STIMULATION. In order to accelerate the formation of buds and the splendor of flowering, this autumn flower must be fed. Mineral fertilizer + any other flower-universal + Vermisol. You can immediately make a cocktail - a teaspoon of each substance in a bucket of water. And water as usual.
VIRULENCE. Plant not poisonous. That is, it is safe for places where kids roam unattended. You can allow children to pluck a cup of flowers and play with them (dig in the ground under a glass of secrets, or turn the cup down and get a fluffy princess dress. Do not spare these flowers - because everyone a little flower lives only 3 days. The flower dies and a new bright spark of estholtius immediately opens nearby.
WINTERING. Eshstoltsiya propagates by self-sowing. In the fall, she sprinkles around the seeds. They will winter in the soil and in the spring will give new cheerful shoots.
PLACE OF LANDING. Demorfoteka is also a guest from Africa. Therefore, also likes to swim in the sun. We plant it only in pieces of flowerbed open to the sun - it is there that she will give a bright carpet of flowers.
DOES NOT LIKE damp. Do not plant near drains. He likes aired places, grows well in the windy area of a flower bed.
THE SOIL. Not heavy, well-drained (that is, not holding water) - sand. If you have heavy soil on a flower bed (clay, loam), then under this flower you can specially dig a hole - pour sand into it, mix with organic matter (compost) and plant a dimorph library in this oasis. She will really like it.
They feel great in pots, baskets, in small areas of soil - the islets of land between the stones are great.
SOWING. Under a film in boxes. Keep at a temperature of 15 degrees or higher.Flowering period 70 days. Therefore, that the plant bloomed in autumn in September. Sowing can be done in June and land them later in July. And we get a bright autumn flower. Just they can be planted at the place where the bulbous flowers have already bloomed and you dug them up for storage until next year.
FEEDING. Any universal fertilizer for flowers. During the buds and late August to enhance flowering in September.
VIRULENCE. This autumn plant is not poisonous. Can be planted in the country with small children.
(blooms all summer and autumn).
We are all familiar with begonia from early childhood. We often saw her in pots in the form of a houseplant. And it is most often grown in parks and on city lawns. This is the type of begonia we see most often - with rounded glossy leaves and small crunchy flowers.
But begonia has hundreds of varieties. And every year they bring out more and more. In the world there are a huge number of collectors who devote their whole lives to collecting all kinds of begonias in their garden. Below we see what magnificent varieties this autumn flower can have.
In autumn, this flower gives the same beautiful flowers as in summer. Therefore, we also put it in our article on autumn flowers.
PLACE OF LANDING. Begonia comes from tropical rainforests. It grows in the shade of tropical trees, under their dense crown it is warm and humid. The same shaded and moistened corner should be highlighted on your autumn flower bed.
DOESN'T LIKE - direct sunlight (leaves get burns). It’s better if diffused sunlight shines through the crown of a bush or tree onto a begonia. DOESN'T LIKE - when water is poured on top of the leaves. Better to pour it on the ground under the bushes. And mulch the soil (with sawdust, straw, mulch, bark) - so that the earth keeps moisture for a long time (but this flower does not like heavy watering with stagnation of water).
THE SOIL. Begonia loves slightly acid soil. In alkaline soil, it will grow, but will not produce flowers.
FLOWER STIMULATION. So that begonia does not hurt and blooms profusely, it needs to be watered once a month with a light pink solution of potassium permanganate. The same solution will protect begonia from powdery mildew. Similarly, begonia is beneficially affected by watering with slightly acidified water - a spoonful of vinegar on a bucket of water.
REPRODUCTION - by tubers and cuttings. If you walk past a beautiful begonia - tear off her stalk with leaves (the top of a branch). Dip it in water and it will give the roots (so that the rooting process takes place faster, you can moisten the cut of the cuttings in the root formation enhancer (purchased or homemade). You can make such an amplifier yourself by mixing honey and red juice. Add a teaspoon of this balm in a glass with a cuttings and the roots will not take long.
Blooming in the fall.
Dip plants are often used in AMPEL (outboard) plantings. That is, they are planted in pots, hanging pots. Having taken possession of the limited space of the pot, flowering border curls create a FUR BALL, beyond which even the containers are not visible in which they grow
Let's look at such autumn flowers that you can use in ampel plantings and in hanging flower beds and pots.
Of the autumn flowers, these are 4 species blooming all summer and the warm part of autumn - rock alissum, lobelia, lavater, petunia.
Alyssum is rocky
These beautiful plentiful flowers bloom all summer and in warm September. Planted in a pot, they give a lush flowering hat. They are also used as border flowers for the first line of flower beds. Planted on an alpine hill between the stones.
And he is planted in place of faded bulbous flowers (daffodils and tulips) –– they grow rapidly and occupy all the bald places of the flowerbed.
THE SOIL. These summer autumn flowers love well-drained soils - that is, those in which water does not stagnate - that is, sand. It grows well between stones in the cracks of the sidewalk. In terms of acidity, neutral soil is either slightly acidic or slightly alkaline (i.e. closer to the middle).
SOWING. You can sow alissum in March, but then the seedlings will rise late. Better in November - the seeds will winter and get stronger and will crawl out with an even carpet in early spring and will bloom earlier ... and will bloom all summer and all autumn. If the seeds are sprinkled densely, then the seedlings will need to be thinned out so that they do not choke each other. Between the bushes it is best to keep a distance of 40 cm (then it will be comfortable for them to grow).
Seedling in a box requires slightly alkaline soil with a little bit of lime (pH 5.5-6.2). After the first leaf feed fertilizer for flowers. After 2-3 leaves, you can plant in the ground.
WATERING. These autumn flowers do not like excess moisture and frequent watering. To find out whether it is time to water the alissum, you need to dig the soil 3 cm deep - if it's dry, You can water it - not much.
NUTRITION. Alyssum loves nitrogen fertilizers - 1 tablespoon meadow Agricola-7 + 1 tbsp. urea in a bucket of water.
FLOWER STIMULATION. Before blooming, we feed any complex fertilizer for flowers.
Lobelia is a summer-autumn flower, which has several hundred varieties - both shrubby and grassy. As autumn border flowers, we choose low-growing grassy varieties.
PLACE OF LANDING. This flower loves not too nutritious soils (loose and light soil with sand or loamy composition is perfect). Lobelia LOVES SUNNY plots of flower beds.
WATERING - Lobelia's strength requires constant replenishment of water.
FOOD - Lobelia does not like heavy foods such as novos, thick compost. She needs enough light mineral fertilizers
STIMULATION OF FLOWERING AND BUSHING. If you just sow lobelia and wait for a beautiful bush, you may be disappointed. It is best to trim the lobelia seedlings by themselves (cut off the tops of the shoots with scissors) - so that the trimmed branches abundantly release lateral shoots and a dense bush is formed, without bald spots. And then the bush will take on a beautiful spherical shape by itself
SOWING. Lobelia is sown in February. First, we put in the boxes a layer of drainage (pebbles, expanded clay, or pieces of bark), that is, a layer into which excess moisture will drain. Then we pour the purchased soil upstairs, after mixing it with sand and coconut fiber. So the soil will become more crumbly and light. Lobelia do not like heavy soils. Pour the seeds of lobelia directly on top of the ground and dig in (so they will not germinate), but simply sprinkle them with fine river sand. We cover with a film and put on the light. Watering from a spray.
Summer flowers blooming in autumn
PLACE OF LANDING - The sun, the more the better.
SOIL - neutral or slightly acidic.
GROWING - start sowing in March. The composition of the soil for planting seeds consists of peat, humus, turf and a little sand. We put expanded clay on the bottom of the box, prepared soil on top. We spray the ground so that it becomes wet, and on it we pour the seeds of petunia in rows in it. DO NOT sprinkle them with earth, just slightly press down with your finger - so that they stick to the ground. And that’s all. Petunia loves the light from its very young days - even the seeds of petunias love to lie openly in the light. The box is covered with glass or a transparent film. And put on the sunniest window sill. A temperature of 24 degrees is the most successful for the germination of these autumn flowers.
After seed germination - seedlings begin to harden. Gradually, glass is removed day after day - first for 5 minutes, tomorrow for 10 minutes, the day after tomorrow for 20 minutes. And so they gradually increase the time, and then they remove the glass permanently.
You can dive sprouts from a common drawer into separate cups when they have 2 real curly leaves.
The first month of seedlings will stand still - not increase and not grow. This is normal. This is due to the fact that during this period all the forces are spent on strengthening and overgrowing the root system. As soon as the plant has strong roots, it will begin to pour strength and its aboveground stem part.
LANDING IN THE GROUND in mid-June, when the plant has already become an adult and even released flowers.
Dahlia flower bed
Dahlias themselves look great. To emphasize their beauty, needle-shaped dark red and bright yellow shades are best combined with white or raspberry nymphaeal dahlias. All varieties of this plant in the autumn flower garden (photo below) are simply magnificent. These magnificent flowers were brought in the sixteenth century from America to Europe by immigrants from Spain, where they were grown for the consumption of tubers.
After some time, breeders drew attention to the beautiful flowers. The ancestor of all modern diversity is a variable dahlia. The plant is thermophilic, despite late flowering. Demanding on the soil and prefers well-fertilized land with drainage and regular watering. Propagated by division of tubers.
One of the most famous and beloved by many cultures among gardeners around the world. This name was given to her by K. Linney in honor of Professor Zinn, who led the Botanical Garden in Goetting. For the first time this flower was discovered in the gardens of the Aztec ruler of Montezuma by the Spaniards. The stem of different varieties differs in height and can reach one meter. It blooms to the very frosts. For growing, sunny places are preferable. It has a huge variety of colors - almost all shades, with the exception of blue tones. In the USA, zinnia is a national flower.
Africa is considered the birthplace of the flower, in this country it symbolizes happiness. In Rome and Ancient Greece, it is a symbol of gladiators, as it resembles a sword in shape. Magical properties were attributed to him by healers and shamans. Gladiolus is an autumn flower garden plant. Beliefs and legends say that in ancient times in South Africa, when wars were common, invaders came to a small village. The elder hid, hiding all the values of the community from enemies. But they grabbed his daughter and tortured, trying to figure out where her father was hiding. The girl did not utter a word, and then the strangers decided to execute her in full view of the whole community. As soon as the sword touched the girl's neck, he suddenly turned into a flower with blood-red buds. The enemies were frightened and decided that it was the gods who condemn them, and quickly got away, saving the young girl's life.
Other legends about the origin of this wonderful flower are also known. Here is one of the beliefs. The plant of the autumn flower garden, the roots of gladiolus, hung on the chest of a warrior as an amulet, will save from death and help to win the battle. In the Middle Ages, German infantry believed in the magical power of bulbs and wore them as charms.
Gladiolus needs fertile soil, plentiful rare watering and plenty of light. After flowering, the green part of the plant is cut, and the bulb is left to ripen for up to two weeks. Then it is dug up, dried and stored until spring in the refrigerator. Thrips are the main enemies. They hide in bulbs, to fight during the growing season they spray the plant with fungicidal agents. Propagated by daughter onions, or they are also called children.
The story of the autumn flower garden plant (Grade 2)
In ancient times, a small boy grew up in one poor family. He was weak and sick. His name was Zamorysh. However, with age, this child learned to heal and learned all the subtleties and secrets of medicinal herbs. People came to him for help from various neighboring settlements. Once an old man appeared who envied the glory of Zamorysh and decided to destroy it. One of the holidays, he presented him with wine, in which poison was added. After drinking it, Zamorysh realized that he was dying. He called people and asked to take a fingernail from his left hand after his death and bury him under the window of the poisoner. His request was granted. And in the place where they buried a nail, golden flowers grew, which treat many diseases. And they were named after this boy - marigolds. Here is such a short story about one of the plants of the autumn flower garden.
People call it marigolds due to the unusual shape of the fruit. Catholic Christians adorned the statue of the Savior's mother with calendula and called it “Mary's Gold”. The flower of "ten thousand years" - so it is called in China, where it symbolizes a long life. In ancient India, garlands were woven from this plant and statues of saints were decorated with them.
Another name for the flower is the “bride of summer” because of its ability to turn behind the sun. In the light, the petals open and gather in the shade. Because of this property, the ancient Romans called the calendula "master's dial." They believed that, in this way, the plant makes you aware of the onset of day and night. Another name is "calendar." Currently, bred terry varieties with large inflorescences have lost the ability to close at night, but this name remains.
Autumn cereal crops
Consider several plants of autumn flower beds and their names:
- The reed is acutiflower A perennial bush about a meter and a half high with hard narrow leaves. In July, panicle inflorescences appear, which stand before the cold. The plant is unpretentious, but prefers sunny and dry places. In the spring, leaves and peduncles must be cut, leaving three inches from the ground.
- The lightning is blue. It grows to 60 cm, forming a loose spherical bush. Panicle inflorescences appear in August and hold until frost. In autumn, narrow long leaves are dressed in a bright yellow outfit.
These plants are successfully used to decorate flower beds; they retain their beauty in winter.
Work before the winter
Overgrown bushes should be planted. Carefully inspect the root system and bulbs, removing weak and diseased parts. Dry and store rhizomes and bulbs of gladioli, peonies and dahlias in a cool place. Apply fertilizers containing phosphorus and potassium to plants that do not require transplantation. Dig the ground under the bushes. Roses carefully trim and cover. In early September, plant tulips and daffodils. Collect seed material for the next season from annuals. Shelter curly perennials with her own shoots. Around the peonies, sprinkle the soil with sand and ash, and cut the greens. You can hide when the frost begins.