A runny nose in a cat is an unpleasant phenomenon. The inability to breathe freely gives the animal a lot of inconvenience, because the sense of smell for him is the most important factor in existence. That is why to alleviate the condition of the pet, you need to solve this problem as soon as possible. Before treating rhinitis in cats, you need to find out why a nose is clogged.
What is a runny nose, or rhinitis?
A runny nose is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa, which is accompanied by mucopurulent discharge (snot) and sneezing. A cat’s nose is more sensitive than a human’s. Thanks to this, sniffing, the animal can determine the location of an object even at a considerable distance. Feline nasal canals are narrow, and any, even small swelling on the background of inflammation causes their partial or complete blockage.
Despite the seeming frivolity of rhinitis, it is a serious danger to representatives of the cat family. Nasal passages perform 2 functions: cleansing and warming. In case of violation of their patency, insufficiently warmed air enters the lungs of the animal, which is fraught with overcooling. In addition, internal organs begin to experience a lack of oxygen, the cat's general well-being suffers, physical activity decreases, interest in food disappears, dehydration develops. An untreated runny nose can become chronic.
Causes of the common cold in cats and kittens and methods of treatment at home
In cats, the nose can be blocked due to the ingestion of a foreign object, respiratory allergosis, infection of a viral, bacterial and fungal etiology, parasitic disease, neoplasms. Congestion can also be a consequence of the structural features of the nose, which are found in representatives of some cat breeds.
Foreign object in the nasal passages
Adult cats are very careful, they rarely inhale small objects - beads, feathers, etc., which can not be said about kittens. With the help of mucus, the cat's body tries to get rid of a foreign body and, as a rule, it succeeds. However, sometimes you can not do without veterinary care. It is better not to try to get a stuck item on your own at home. Inept actions can harm the animal, it is better to entrust it to the veterinarian.
If the cat’s immune system is sensitive to any allergen, when it comes into contact with it, the mucous membrane of the nose swells, mucus is secreted from it, tears are flowing from the animal, it constantly sneezes. Treatment of rhinitis of an allergic nature is primarily aimed at eliminating the factor that triggered the problem. If allergies are caused by a new product or medicine, you can do this at home. In other cases, the diagnosis is carried out in a veterinary clinic.
The most common infections of viral etiology, accompanied by nasal congestion and discharge from the nose, include:
- feline herpes,
- infectious enteritis
- viral immunodeficiency,
The treatment of these diseases is complicated by the fact that their pathogens are resistant to the action of drugs. The main efforts are aimed at maintaining the body's own defenses and the destruction of the secondary infection.
Treatment for the disease includes:
- the use of immunostimulating and antiviral medicines for systemic (Roncoleukin, Immunofan, Interferon) and local use (nasal drops Fosprenil, Maksidin, Derinat),
- washing the nose
- the use of antibiotics with the appearance of purulent exudate.
Can provoke a runny nose in cats ...
Washing powder, ammonia, fumes of acids, alkalis, a drug used to disinfect the apartment and destroy cockroaches and other insects in it, as well as plant pollen, smoke during a fire or from welding works carried out in the apartment, cause severe irritation in cats not only nose, but also trachea, bronchi, being the first sign of bronchial asthma. These are the causes of allergic rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis can be alleviated with anti-inflammatory drugs, antihistamines, and corticosteroids. Fortunately, cats are rarely allergic.
Hypothermia, a draft - the causes of the common cold. There is still infectious rhinitis caused by internal infectious and non-communicable diseases.
The initial symptoms of all are the same: the glands and glands located in the nasal cavity begin to produce much more secret. The mucous membrane of the nose turns red, swells, the nasal passages narrow, and discharge accumulates in them. Breathing is difficult, and the inhaled air does not get warm and does not get rid of dust. A sick cat breathes with difficulty, she sniffles, often sneezes, rubs her nose with her paws.
But the discharge from the nose, depending on the type of runny nose, is different: they can be liquid, mucous and transparent or thick, purulent and cloudy, serous or hemorrhagic, unilateral or bilateral. Against the background of infectious rhinitis, it is also possible: a depressed general condition, weight loss, the occurrence of conjunctivitis.
Runny nose in cats: treatment at home
First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the cause of the disease. If it’s a cold, the animal is separated (so as not to come into contact with other animals), conditions are improved, and nutrition (a common cold, as a rule, runs without deterioration of the general condition, the animal is active, eats well), and the nose area is heated with hot sand, which is poured into small bag, 2-3 times a day.
You can irrigate the nasal cavity with a 2-3% solution of boric acid or a 0.5-1% solution of zinc sulfate or a 0.25% solution of novocaine with antibiotics, 3-5% solution of sodium bicarbonate or a mixture of menthol with vegetable oil, as well as inhalation of turpentine. After removing the crusts, surface erosion is treated with a 1% silver nitrate solution, a 2-3% lactic acid solution or a 1: 1 mixture of iodine-glycerol.
If there are no improvements, then a sick animal can be beaten with anandine (3 days), at the same time drip anandine drops in the nose (5-6 times throughout the day), gamavit will be useful. With hypothermia, 3 ml of immunofan can be given for 3 days. Of antibiotics, cats are best tolerated by vilprofen (can be given even to pregnant women) 1/12 tablets 2 times a day, for 7 days.
Even a common cold in cats, if left untreated, can turn into a chronic cold, which is difficult to treat. The animal can be lost in 5-10 days.
How to cure a runny nose in a cat at home
Congenital defects of the nasal bones and upper jaw or their injury, which lead to displacement of bones and cleavage of the upper palate - the “cleft palate” —can cause chronic rhinitis in cats at an early age. In a cold with dense secretions, the nasal passages of cats are washed with boiled beetroot juice or irrigated the nasal cavity with a 1% salt solution.
In addition, 5-6 drops of 1: 2 econovocillin diluted with physiological saline can be injected into each nostril. For irrigation of the nasal mucosa, a 0.5% tannin solution, 1% soda solution is recommended. In chronic rhinitis, the treatment is the same. However, with this form of the disease, constant discharge from the nose causes skin irritation, it becomes weeping. Therefore, it must be dried.
A powder of white streptocide is recommended, which is used several times a day. Infectious rhinitis is treated simultaneously with the main disease - 5-10 drops of galazolin are instilled into the nose, into each nostril. To increase the body's defenses, general ultraviolet radiation should be carried out. Thymogen is also used, once a day, 1-2 drops, for 10 days in the nose of a cat.
If it flows from a cat’s nose ...
If the cat’s nose is flowing profusely, she sneezes and breathes with difficulty, then most likely she is seriously ill. Pathogens of incurable, dangerous diseases, such as infectious peritonitis and leukemia, enter the animal’s body through the nose. The annual timely combined vaccination against infectious peritonitis and chlamydia - causative agents of “cat’s runny nose” - significantly reduces the risk of catching them. The first vaccination should be carried out at the age of 8-9 weeks (since these viruses are deadly for kittens with a weak immune system, death per day). At the age of 11-12 weeks, re-vaccination is carried out. Subsequent revaccinations - annually. If it is not, you will have to turn to antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs. There are several provocateurs of “cat’s runny nose”: herpes, reoviruses, caliceviruses, mycoplasmas, as well as fungal infections (cryptococcosis, maduromycosis, aspergillosis, are rare).
If a cat has a runny nose and sneezes: deal with symptoms
Symptoms of cat's runny nose: sneezing, coughing, eye inflammation, fever, general weakness, and apathy. The discharge from the eyes and nose is initially watery, and then sticky or purulent. It becomes difficult for the animal to breathe through the nose. The cat does not smell food - the appetite is getting worse. Kalitsevirus, in addition to the described symptoms, can cause ulcers of the oral mucosa.
Different animals tolerate cat's runny nose in different ways: some get off with a slight malaise, while others have a very difficult illness. Of course, you should not expect deterioration, hoping for home remedies. At the first sign of illness - a fever - consult your doctor. Running respiratory infections can lead to pneumonia. Against the background of a cat's runny nose, a secondary bacterial infection can develop, for example, inflammation of the maxillary (nasal) sinuses. At the same time, the cat sneezes, splashing white, yellowish, often with blood, secretion. The appetite of the animal remains normal, since breathing is not difficult, the discharge comes from the sinuses.
They treat sinusitis with antibiotics, in severe cases, they wash the nasal cavities, opening them from the outside. In cats, often suffering from colds, polyps can form in the nasal passages - benign growths the size of cherries. Signs of polyps: shortness of breath, nasal discharge, periodic attacks of sneezing. Some cats shake their heads, the timbre of the voice may change and there may be problems with swallowing food (similar symptoms are the result of long-term inflammatory diseases of the bacterial nature of the middle ear and Eustachian tube).
You can get rid of polyps only surgically. Discharges from one nostril are usually detected in old cats and not only indicate nasopharyngeal polyps, but can be clinical signs of lymphosarcoma, adenocarcinoma, fibrosarcoma, or osteosarcoma. A doctor’s consultation is required here. Diagnosis and treatment scheme for suspected viral infections: laboratory swabs are taken from the conjunctiva of the eyes and nasal mucosa. When a specific virus is detected, an antibiotic is prescribed, to which this type of pathogen is sensitive. Perhaps the doctor will take the culture from the nasal mucosa for sensitivity to antibiotics or to confirm a fungal disease. The effectiveness of antibiotic treatment depends on this. With viral and fungal infections, antibiotic therapy is prescribed as part of a comprehensive treatment prescribed by a doctor.
If you suspect the presence of nasopharyngial polyps or neoplasms of the nasal cavity, the doctor will prescribe additional research methods, such as radiography of the nasal passages under anesthesia or rhinoscopy. When rhinoscopy, a tissue sample is necessarily taken for histological examination and clarification of the nature of the formation (benign or malignant). Further treatment and prognosis of the course of the disease also depend on this type of study.
Unconventional treatments for the common cold in cats
Dr. Shawn recommends liquid based on a medicinal plant called Japanese medlar (to give 1/8 teaspoon a day to 7 kg animals) for quick relief of an irritated throat of an animal, its only drawback is sweet, therefore, an animal with diabetes should not be given .
Medicinal plants Echinacea and Hydrastis have an antiviral and antibacterial effect and strengthen the immune system (for cats weighing less than 7 kg, give 7 drops 2 times a day), the disadvantage is a bitter taste, so we mix with food. The chairman of the Academy of Veterinary Homeopathy for Education, Dr. Christina Chambro advises for a sick cat's throat to mix 2 tablespoons of honey with a teaspoon of lemon juice in half a cup of water and give this “drink” to the sick animal several times a day.
Vitamins E, C, A strengthen the immune system and help the animal recover as soon as possible, says Dr. Ersam. Cats weighing from 7 kg can take from 30-100 mg of vitamin E, 250-500 mg of vitamin C and 500 mg of vitamin A per day.
- A runny nose in a cat is most often a sign of a cold. It develops after hypothermia of the animal or after finding it in a draft. The condition is accompanied by:
- an increase in temperature.
The disease must be treated, as it can give serious complications to the body. Against its background, bronchitis or pneumonia develops.
- If the cat doesn’t breathe, then it’s possible an allergy. The immunity of the animal can be sensitive to various irritants: floral, cosmetic, food. The degree of reaction can be from mild to severe, it all depends on the individual characteristics of the animal.
Upon contact with the stimulus, the mucosa swells and blocks the nasal passages, which makes breathing difficult. Sometimes it is accompanied by discharge. As a rule, you only need to break the contact, as the symptoms go away. In addition to rhinitis, redness of the skin, sneezing, and itching are noted.
- In rare cases, a foreign object may become stuck in the nose. In this case, abundant discharge comes from the nose, and breathing is difficult. The veterinarian will help you find the cause of the problem. He will delete the item.
- In some cases, a runny nose is a defensive reaction of the body. For example, the sharp smell of chemicals or pungent smoke. In this way, the body protects the mucous membranes from damage.
- Sometimes neoplasms grow in the nose - polyps or malignant tumors. They fill the nasal passages and obstruct the movement of air. In addition to congestion, abundant discharge is noted.
- Some breeds of cats have a tendency to congenital pathologies. In this case, there may be a curvature of the nasal septum, which provokes a chronic runny nose.
Due to weak immunity, the pet's body becomes susceptible to various pathogens. Rhinitis in cats can occur due to infectious diseases or under the influence of a fungus.
A similar symptom is characteristic of rhinotracheitis, calcivirosis and other problems. Sometimes with helminthic invasion, a runny nose and sneezing are observed. It appears due to the fact that some parasites settle in the lungs and cause respiratory disorders.
Rhinitis can occur in different forms. For example, with infectious diseases, thick discharge of yellow or green color with a fetid odor is observed.When they dry, crusts appear, often the exudate is continuous. With fungal infections, discharge is clear and sparse.
A runny nose in a cat may be accompanied by concomitant symptoms:
- temperature increase
All this is also characteristic of infectious diseases. With panleukopenia, appetite disappears, diarrhea appears. An important sign is a strong thirst, which is accompanied by the inability of the animal to drink water. Abscesses are sometimes visible on the stomach. The condition is accompanied by wheezing in the lungs, cough, discharge from the eyes.
If the cat has a snot and she sneezes, then it can be calcivirosis. It is accompanied by loss of appetite, small wounds appear on the mucous membranes. The animal is lame, suffers from shortness of breath and has rapid breathing.
If a cat has a stuffy nose and watery eyes, then this is not always a sign of an infectious disease. Sometimes this is a manifestation of helminthic infestations. This condition is characterized by a temporary appearance of rhinitis. The nose is blocked only after sleep. After some time of the animal’s activity, a runny nose passes.
How and what to treat?
If the cat has a runny nose, its treatment is carried out based on their causes. Do not immediately rush to warm your nose or drip drops into it without consulting a veterinarian, as this can only do harm.
- In infectious diseases, antibiotics are usually prescribed., immunostimulant and vitamins.
- In case of allergies, it is necessary to determine the irritant and reduce the likelihood of contact with it. Antihistamines are used to relieve symptoms. In severe cases, the determination of the allergen is carried out empirically. For example, they put a pet on a strict diet.
- If a tumor is detected, the veterinarian will suggest removing it. Do not neglect this, as over time, the neoplasm can degenerate into a malignant one.
- Be sure to take tests to determine parasites. In large quantities, they can lead to death. To get rid of them, anthelmintic drugs are used. For them to be effective, you must first determine the type of helminths based on the above-mentioned analyzes.
- With a cold, the animal is provided with peace and a warm place to relax. Nutrition should be light and free of fat. Do not give human antipyretic drugs, as they can only do harm.
It happens that a runny nose in an animal is caused by infections of bacterial etiology, the sources of which are chlamydia, mycoplasma, pasteurella, staphylococcus. The main symptom of damage to the cat's body by bacteria is a thick yellow or green discharge from the nose. Antibiotics (Sinulox, Baytril, Amoksiklav, Gentamicin) will help to cure the pet. It is possible to use more than one antibacterial agent. Nasal drops (Isofra, Polydex) are also prescribed.
In representatives of the cat family, infections of fungal etiology are quite rare. The most common are aspergillosis and cryptococcosis. Depending on the fungi available in the body, the pet behaves in a certain way. If rhinitis has progressed to a chronic stage and the disease is slow, nasal discharge will appear periodically or during sleep. If the disease is acute, nasal mucus causes the formation of crusts that block the nose.
It is necessary to treat a cat with the help of antimycotics (Itraconazole). Under the conditions of a veterinary clinic, intravenous infusions of antifungal solutions (clotrimazole) are given.
Parasites can also cause runny nose and sneezing in kittens and adult animals. Joining a cough may indicate infection with nematodes, or roundworms (such as roundworms). For the treatment of helminthic infestations, anthelmintic preparations with various active substances are used, most often combined actions (Milbemax, Drontal, Advocate, Asinoks, Vermidin, Helmimax and others).
Polyps and tumors in the nose
Polyps are one of the varieties of benign neoplasms in the nasal cavity. They are harmless, but prevent the pet from breathing freely. In unfavorable circumstances, they can provoke a delay in secretion and dead epithelium, which will lead to active reproduction of pathogenic microflora. Large polyps can block the lumen of the nostrils.
The cause of difficulty breathing may be a malignant tumor. In young pets, such formations are found relatively rarely. Most often, representatives of the feline family reveal 2 types of neoplasms: lymphoma and adenocarcinoma. If a second formation is detected, the probability of survival of the animal is much less.
Polyps are removed surgically. Unlike adenocarcinoma, lymphoma lends itself well to chemotherapy and radiation. Surgery does not give a 100% guarantee of recovery, because malignant neoplasms are prone to metastasis.
Anatomical features of a particular animal
Representatives of some cat breeds are prone to runny nose due to the anatomical features of the nose. This group includes Persians, Exotics and Burma. They suffer from a stuffy nose more often than others. Due to the short nasal passages in the cold season, the inhaled air does not have time to heat up. The only way to protect representatives of these breeds from a cold is to prevent the cooling of their body in the autumn and winter months.
Features of feeding and keeping a cat with rhinitis
During a pet's illness, it is recommended to observe the following care rules:
- Wet daily in the room where the animal is located.
- Wash cat's bed and toys as often as possible, wash bowls.
- Place the cat in a room with no drafts. It is also necessary to humidify the air well with a humidifier. If it is not, you can put an open container of water next to the cat’s bed. The liquid will gradually evaporate, moisturizing the air. To facilitate breathing and enhance the protective function of the nasal mucosa, it is necessary to periodically bring the animal into the bathroom, after filling the bath with hot water.
- Regularly remove crusts around the eyes and nose. This can be done with the help of decoctions of medicinal herbs (chamomile, St. John's wort), prepared at home, or pharmacy preparations - boric acid, previously diluted with water.
As for the nutrition of a sick pet, it does not require any changes, especially since in the early stages of the disease it does not lose its appetite. The only thing that is recommended to do is to analyze the diet. To successfully fight a runny nose, an animal needs a lot of vitamins. Food for the cat should be warm and chopped, it should always have clean fresh water (also warm) in the drinker.
The main causes of the common cold
There are many reasons that cause a runny nose in a kitten, among them:
- Bacteria and fungi that infect the nasal mucosa. They can be dangerous to the health of the cat, and can be in the body and not cause much harm to the animal. The condition of the pet depends on the number of bacteria and on their type, on the degree of their aggressiveness. For example, a sluggish fungal infection can cause chronic rhinitis, and cocci mushrooms cause the pet to snot, it sneezes, and crusts form. The kitten has a snot and a nose is clogged; he cannot breathe.
- Another common cause is viruses, for example, enteritis, panleukopenia, calcivirosis. These are very dangerous viruses that cannot be treated at home; treatment by a veterinarian is necessary.
- An allergic reaction of the body often carries rhinitis. An allergy can develop into anything: food, a filler for a tray, household chemicals, a flea collar, a houseplant.
- Any chronic ailment can lead to inflammation of the mucous membrane, a decrease in immunity. Against a general weakened background, rhinitis appears.
- Inflammation of the ear. Very often, an inflammatory condition in the ear can pass into the nasopharynx and vice versa. In this case, rhinitis will not pass until inflammation in the animal’s ear is removed.
- General hypothermia. When this condition occurs, the animal has a decrease in body temperature. In this case, it is necessary to wrap the cat in a plaid, attach a heating pad to the legs and take it to the veterinarian. Some owners of whiskers advise to solder the cat with vodka or immerse it in warm water, this can not be done in any case, because the cardiac arrest can become a response.
- Polyps or tumors. Most often, a similar condition occurs in an animal older than 7 years. At the same time, the pet has a constant runny nose, during which snot with blood clots are released.
- Foreign substances that enter the nasopharynx lead to irritation of the mucous membrane and a runny nose. It can be: villus from the palace, blade of grass, wool, sand and more.
- Congenital pathologies of the nasopharynx, for example, curvature, can cause the cat to constantly emit transparent snot, which does not seem to bother the pet at all, but secondary infection is possible against this background.
- Worms, fleas can cause a reaction of the body in the form of a cold, and the snot in a cat can be very diverse: transparent and cloudy, dense and not, constant and periodic. The parasite enters the nasopharynx and thereby causes irritation.
Treatment for the common cold at home
Home treatment is only permissible for colds. In this case, the animal creates the necessary conditions for recovery: the room should be warm and without drafts, food and water are heated.
A runny nose in a kitten can be a symptom of an infectious disease. Therefore, when it appears, the baby is isolated in another room or placed in a cage. This must be done if there are other animals in the apartment.
You can cure a cat’s runny nose in such a simple folk way as instilling a drop of aloe or beet juice in each nostril. To reduce nasal congestion, bags of warm salt or sand are applied to the nose.
To prevent draining of the mucosa twice a day, rinsing is carried out with sea water or an aqueous solution of soda (1 part of baking soda is taken for 10 parts of water).
To relieve inflammation, a small amount of streptocide powder can be blown into each nostril. With a slight nasal congestion, the nose is washed with saline.
For the treatment of the common cold, you can use baby drops "Galazolin". One drop for each nostril, the average duration of the course is a week.
The air in the room must be humidified. This can be done using a special apparatus or placing bowls of water everywhere.
In all other cases, an immediate visit to the veterinary clinic is required.
Causes of the common cold in cats and cats
All representatives of the cat family are distinguished by good health and good immunity. The appearance of a long-term persisting rhinitis in most cases indicates chronic diseases and other disorders that have a negative effect on the animal’s immune system. A number of factors that can provoke the appearance of a similar problem in a kitten or an adult animal are highlighted.
To reduce the likelihood of receiving infectious diseases, the animal must be vaccinated every year. The apartment should not have drafts and low temperatures.
Good immunity provides proper nutrition. If necessary, the animal is regularly given vitamins. When introducing new products, it is necessary to observe the reaction of the pet.
It is undesirable to let the cat out on the street, because there it can become infected with various diseases or eat a sick rodent.
Colds and weakened immunity
The reason for the common cold can be quite domestic factors: hypothermia or too cold food or drink. In this case, rhinitis accompanies lethargy, lacrimation, dry cough. When hypothermia cat needs to be warmed by wrapping in a blanket. You can use a heating pad.
The weakened immunity of an adult cat or even a small kitten makes it easier for the common cold. Not fully formed protective mechanism of the baby or weakened immunity of an adult is more susceptible to disease. During this period, the owner needs to be more attentive to his pet.
The occurrence of colds in animals is of course associated with seasonal vitamin deficiency, so we recommend that you read the article about it on our portal here.
A runny nose can also be a manifestation of an allergic reaction of the body. Most often, the disease is detected after contact with chemicals (detergents, preparations for controlling insects or rodents). As a rule, with an allergy, a cat has watery eyes, and the discharge is transparent. In more severe cases, itching and rashes on the skin are possible.
Limiting contact with the allergen almost immediately brings relief to the animal. In complex cases, a course of treatment with antihistamines is necessary.
Foreign body in the nose
You should check the nose of the animal for the presence of foreign bodies in case of profuse and persistent runny nose. If something is stuck in the sinuses, the snot will be continuous and transparent in color, the cat will constantly sneeze, shake its head from side to side.
You can try to get the stuck item yourself. With a poor review of the stuck thing or doubts about your strengths, it is better to consult a doctor - it will help to get an interfering item if it is available or it will establish the cause of rhinitis in its absence.
Bacterial or fungal infection
The cause of a chronic runny nose in a pet can be infection of the nasal mucosa with bacteria or fungi. Conventional medications to fight a runny nose will not help here, the discharge will continue to flow from the nose, and the effect of the medications will not be long.
Experts in a veterinary clinic will help determine the exact cause of the disease and prescribe a course of treatment, ignoring their help in this case is impossible to avoid complications.
You should take a closer look at your pet if a cat or cat often rubs its nose on various objects, sneezes, and has difficulty breathing. Perhaps the cause of this is parasite infection. In this case, a runny nose is of a secondary nature, and only the diagnosis and treatment of the underlying disease will save the pet from rhinitis.
This infectious disease is characterized by rhinitis, fever up to 40 degrees, sneezing, wounds on the mucous membranes of the mouth and lips (stomatitis).
Loss of appetite, rapid breathing, coughing, painful lameness are possible. In the absence of proper treatment, death is possible.
The cured animals become not susceptible to the virus, but will be its distributors.
The first signs of rhinotracheitis are similar to the symptoms of calcivirosis. But with the manifestation of this disease, ulcers appear on the cornea of the eye, and conjunctivitis develops. High risk of disease in kittens during hypothermia, as well as in unvaccinated animals.
The cured pets are no longer susceptible to the virus, but dangerous to other individuals, as they will be carriers of the disease.
To understand that a cat has certain problems, you need to pay attention to the following symptoms:
- Symptoms of viruses: runny nose, snot, suppuration of the eyes, vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhea, while the general condition of the animal, as a rule, suffers. In this case, a doctor’s consultation is necessary. Sometimes a pet can have a fatal outcome from the presence of the virus, and time goes on for days.
- With an allergy, a pet has symptoms such as: nasal congestion, snot flowing, swollen and festering eyes, respiratory failure, itching.
- Symptoms of polyps and tumors: the animal rubs the nose with its paws, as if something was hindering it. On the face as a result of the onset of a tumor, asymmetry and curvature may occur.
- Signs of a foreign body: the cat shakes its face, sneezes, snot stands out.
Panleukopenia (cat's distemper)
Extremely dangerous disease, because it has a high mortality rate among patients. Typical symptoms of pancreatic leukopenia are loss of appetite, lethargy, vomiting (yellow-green, blood and mucus may be present), diarrhea, fever, inability to drink, coughing and wheezing, fever up to 41 degrees. Purulent rashes on the skin and discharge from the nose and eyes are possible. When the mother is infected, the kittens become infected in utero.
If it is not possible to visit a veterinary clinic, then you can treat it at home in the following ways:
- Well-proven treatment with warming. To do this, you can use warm salt or sand poured into a bag.
- Washing can be done with Boric acid and Zinc sulfate.
- It is good to treat rhinitis with saline injections.
- Treatment with beetroot juice instilled in each nostril will help with a runny nose.
- If the animal cannot breathe due to nasal congestion, then it can be treated with saline and econovocillin.
- Streptocide, previously ground into powder and puffed into each cat’s nostril, helps relieve the inflammatory process.
- If the pet has a serious condition due to the inability to breathe, then you can bury it with baby Galazalin.
If the cat has problems with the nose, it cannot breathe calmly, then it is necessary to visit the veterinarian, only there they will help you determine the right treatment.
A runny nose in cats can be a sign of serious illness. Therefore, when such a symptom appears, you should not postpone the visit to the veterinarian. Only he will be able to correctly assess the condition of the animal, diagnose and prescribe treatment.
In the absence of timely help, even a cold threatens a number of complications. It often goes into the inflammation of the genitourinary system. There is a decrease in the level of immunity and already this is fraught with the appearance of other diseases.
With a cold
The cat must be kept in a warm place, avoiding drafts, fed and watered only with warm products, it is advisable to increase the amount of vitamins and minerals in the diet to maintain the body. In the absence of temperature, you can wash your nose with saline at the rate of 1 teaspoon of sea salt in a glass of water, or use boiled beet juice in proportion to 1 to 3 water.
You can use saline for these purposes. Special drops for animals are also suitable for washing. If these are not available, they can be replaced with children's oil-based products. The course of treatment is 7-10 days. If the temperature rises sharply, you should immediately contact the clinic for help.
With viral diseases
It is difficult to respond to drug therapy and is aimed at maintaining the body's defenses, and treatment focuses on the prevention of secondary bacterial infection.
Failure to treat rhinitis can lead to complications and worsening of the animal, especially if the disease is infectious.
Mr. Cat recommends: features of the treatment of a cold in a kitten
The growing body of a kitten requires a more careful attitude with a runny nose. First of all, it is necessary to improve the conditions of detention and nutrition of a small pet.
For a speedy recovery, inhalation can be done using eucalyptus oil: add a few drops of oil to the hot water tank, then turn the kitten’s head to it so that it can inhale the vapors and cover it with a napkin.
Here you should be careful not to burn your pet.
Also warming up procedure will be useful. To do this, you can use bags of salt or sand.
To facilitate breathing, children's drops are suitable: Aqua Maris, Pinosol.
Most often, a runny nose amid weakened immunity is diagnosed in thoroughbred cats with a long pedigree. Inbreeding, used to preserve the characteristic features of the breed in offspring, often causes genetic malfunctions and poor health.
In the presence of weak immunity, the usual drops from the common cold, intended for children, do not give anyone an effect. Infectious diseases in this case are constant companions of the pet. To maintain the health of the cat, a comprehensive examination and adequate treatment of the root cause of the pathology are required.
Foreign object hit my nose
A foreign body in the nose of a cat is detected extremely rarely. This is due to the anatomical narrowness of the nasal passages. If a foreign body enters the nostril, it will cause irritation and swelling of the mucous membrane. This can cause rhinitis. In addition to the common cold, frequent attempts by the animal to scratch its nose with its paw, as well as sneezing, may indicate a similar problem.
In most cases, increased production of nasal mucus is sufficient to ensure that a foreign object leaves the nostril cavity. In rare cases, irritation caused by the presence of a foreign body leads to severe edema and narrowing of the lumen of the nose, due to which the irritant cannot leave without help. In this case, the directed assistance of the veterinarian is required.
Bacteria and fungi
Bacterial and fungal damage to the mucous membrane is most often observed in animals with weakened immunity, including as a result of the natural aging process. Fungal damage to the mucosa often causes the development of a chronic form of rhinitis, accompanied by the release of rare transparent mucus.
With a bacterial lesion of the nasal mucosa, a secretion of thick exudate is often observed, which in the future can form into thick crusts that interfere with normal breathing. With this lesion of the nasal mucosa, it is necessary to use special means for treatment in order to suppress the activity of pathogenic microflora.
Other possible causes
There are a number of factors that can cause the development of a cold in a cat. They are less common, therefore, to clarify the nature of the problem, a veterinarian consultation is required. In rare cases, profuse outflow of mucus from the nose of a cat is the result of the formation of a neoplasm on the nasal mucosa. A similar defect in the animal’s body is perceived as a foreign body, which causes irritation, swelling, and a severe runny nose.
In addition, some types of infectious diseases can provoke the appearance of a problem. Often, rhinitis is accompanied by such dangerous pathologies as calicivinosis and rhinotracheitis. These diseases are accompanied not only by the appearance of purulent discharge from the nose of the animal, but also by an increase in body temperature, stool disorders and other manifestations. In addition, the development of rhinitis is often observed against the background of such chronic diseases as:
- heart failure,
- urolithiasis, etc.
The inflammatory process on the mucous membrane of the nose in a cat can spread from the auricle. Predispose to the appearance of rhinitis in cats, congenital anomalies in the structure of the nasal passages.
Runny nose from hypothermia
If the cause of the problem is a cold caused by hypothermia, a specific treatment for rhinitis in cats is not carried out. It is enough to keep the animal warm during illness and provide it with high-quality food. You can give vitamins. It is advisable to isolate the sick animal from healthy animals for the entire period of the disease. In case of adverse course, when there are signs of secondary microflora attachment, nasal lavage with tannin solution may be recommended. It is better if this procedure is carried out by a specialist.
For effective treatment of allergic rhinitis, an examination of the animal should first be carried out to identify the type of allergen. The field of this is necessary to protect the animal from contact with the allergen. This will reduce the severity of the course of the disease. In severe cases, treatment should be supplemented with antihistamines in the form of tablets and injections.
How to treat a runny nose in a cat at home?
Considering that not all owners of cats can take the animal to the veterinarian when signs of rhinitis appear, it is necessary to figure out how to conduct treatment at home. You can only use safe and proven products on your own. To eliminate nasal discharge during colds, you can warm up the animal’s nose using warm sand or salt packed in a small rag bag. The warming up procedure should be carried out at least 5 minutes 4-5 times a day.
A good effect can be achieved when instilled in the nostrils of a cat diluted in a ratio of 1: 1 aloe juice. Enough 1 drop in each nostril 2 times a day. If there are signs of drying out of the nose, you can lubricate its lobe with a 1% soda solution. With a pronounced inflammatory lesion of the mucosa, a small amount of Streptocide powder can be blown into the nostrils of the animal. Throughout the entire period of treatment, it is advisable to protect the animal from walking in the cold.
Cat runny nose drops
With a runny nose, provoked by hypothermia, you can use some drops intended for people. Galazolin gives a good effect. These drops are designed to treat children, but can also be used to gently eliminate the common cold in cats.
In addition, with the viral nature of the common cold, Anandin drops can be used. This medication has not only an antiviral, but also an immunostimulating effect, which reduces the risk of the disease becoming chronic. With caution, immunostimulating drops of Maksidin can be used. The course of treatment with these medicines is from 5 to 7 days.
How can a cold hurt a cat?
In most cases, a cold passes in a cat without a trace within a week. However, such a favorable outcome is not observed in all cases. If measures are not taken in a timely manner, a critical decrease in immunity and the attachment of a secondary infection are possible.
In addition, more severe complications, expressed as inflammatory lesions of the kidneys and organs of the respiratory system, can be observed. In addition, against the background of a cold, inflammatory joint pathologies can develop.