Unfortunately, not many people know what savannas are and where they are. Savannahs are a natural zone that occurs mainly in the subtropics and tropics. The most important feature of this strip is a humid seasonal climate with a pronounced change in the drought and rainy season. This feature determines the seasonal rhythm of natural processes here. Ferrallite soils and grassy vegetation with groups of separate trees are also characteristic of this zone.
Let's take a closer look at what savannas are and where they are. The largest area of the shroud is in Africa, it occupies about 40% of the area of this continent. The areas of this natural zone are less located in South America (on the Brazilian plateau, where they are called campos, and in the Orinoco river valley - Llanos), in the east and north of Asia (Indochina peninsula, Deccan plateau, Indo-Gangsai plain), as well as in Australia .
The savannah is characterized by the monsoon-trade wind circulation of air masses. In summer, tropical tropical air dominates in these regions, and equatorial humid in winter. The farther from the equatorial belt, the greater the decrease in the rainy season (from 8–9 months to 2–3 at the outer borders of this zone). In the same direction, the total annual precipitation decreases (from about 2000 mm to 250 mm). The savannah is also characterized by small temperature fluctuations depending on the season (from 15C to 32C). The daily amplitudes can be more substantial and reach 25 degrees. Such climatic features created a unique natural environment in the savannah.
The soils of the region depend on the length of the rain period and differ in leaching regime. Near equatorial forests, in areas where the rainy season lasts about 8 months, ferrallite soils have formed. In areas where this season is less than 6 months old, red-brown soils can be seen. At the borders with semi-deserts, soils are unproductive and contain a thin layer of humus.
Savannas of south america
In the Brazilian Highlands, these zones are located mainly in its inland areas. They also occupy the areas of the Orinok Lowland and the Guiana Plateau. In Brazil, there are typical savannas with red ferrallite soils. The vegetation of the zone is predominantly grassy and consists of families of legumes, cereals, and also asteraceae. Woody species of vegetation are either not present at all, or are found in the form of separate mimosa species with an umbrella-like crown, euphorbia, succulents, xerophytes and tree-like cacti.
In the northeast of the Brazilian Highlands, much of the area is occupied by katinga (sparse forest of drought-tolerant shrubs and trees on red-brown soils). Branches and tree trunks kaatinga often cover epiphytic plants and vines. There are also several types of palm trees.
Savannahs of South America are also located in the arid areas of Gran Chaco on red-brown soils. Sparse forests and thickets of thorny bushes are widespread here. Algarrobo is also found in the forests - a tree from the mimosa family, which has a curved pillar and a highly branching, spreading crown. Low forest tiers are shrubs that form impassable thickets.
Among the animals in the savannah there are an armadillo, an ocelot, a Pampas deer, a Magellan cat, a beaver, a pampa cat, a nanda and others. Of rodents, tuco-tuco and a viscach live here. Many areas of the savannah suffer from locust invasions. There are also many snakes and lizards. Another characteristic feature of the landscape is a large number of termite mounds.
Now all readers are probably wondering: “Where is the savannah in Africa?” We answer, on the black continent, this zone almost extends along the contour of the tropical rainforest. In the border strip, forests are gradually thinning out and becoming poorer. Among the forests there are spots of savannah. The tropical humid forest is gradually limited only to river valleys, and in the watershed area they are replaced by forests whose trees in the dry time drop leaves, or savannas. There is an opinion that tall grassy tropical savannahs began to form in connection with human activities, as he burned all the vegetation during the dry season.
In areas with a short wet season, the grass becomes less stunted and thinner. Of the tree species in the region, various acacias with a flat crown are found. These areas are called dry or typical savannahs. In regions with a longer rainy season, thickets of thorny shrubs grow, as well as hard grasses. Such vegetation is called desert savannahs, they form a small strip in the northern hemisphere.
The savanna world of Africa is represented by such animals: zebras, giraffes, antelopes, rhinos, elephants, leopards, hyenas, lions and others.
We continue our theme “What are savannas and where are they”, moving to Australia. Here, this natural zone is located mainly north of 20 degrees south latitude. Typical savannas are located in the east (they also occupy the south of New Guinea). During the wet season, this region is covered by beautiful flowering plants: families of orchid, buttercup, lilac and various cereals. The characteristic trees are acacia, eucalyptus, casuarins. Trees with thickened trunks are quite common, where a store of moisture accumulates. They, in particular, are represented by the so-called bottle trees. It is the presence of these unique plants that makes the savannah of Australia a little different in contrast to the savannahs that are located on other continents.
This zone is combined with sparse forests, which are represented by different types of eucalyptus. Eucalyptus woodlands occupy most of the country's northern coast and a large part of Cape York Island. In the Australian savannah you can find many marsupial rodents: mole, rat, wombat, anteater. In the thickets of shrubs echidna lives. In these regions, you can also see emu ostrich, a variety of lizards and snakes.
The role of savannah for man
After we have found out in detail what savannas are and where they are located, it is worth saying that these natural zones play an important role for humans. Peanuts, cereals, jute, cotton, sugarcane are grown in these regions. In arid areas, livestock production is quite developed. It is also worth noting that some tree species sprouting in this region are considered very valuable (for example, teak).
Despite its greater importance, man unfortunately continues to systematically destroy the savannah. So, in South America, many trees die as a result of burning fields. Large areas of the savannah are cleared from the forest from time to time. Until recently, about 4,800 square meters of land was cleared annually in Australia to provide livestock grazing. km of forest. Now such events are suspended. Many exotic trees (Nile acacia, vaulted landata, prickly pear, and others) also have a detrimental effect on the savannah ecosystem.
Climate change leads to changes in the function and structure of the savannah. As a result of global warming, woody plants suffer greatly. I would like to believe that in the near future people will nevertheless begin to protect nature.
The savannah cat breed was bred in the USA in the 1980s. using hybrid crossbreeding. The first known specimen was obtained by a Bengal breeder Judy Frank from Pennsylvania, who crossed a wild serval with a Siamese cat. As a result of this connection, on April 7, 1986, a kitten (girl) was born, which was called the Savannah.
In 1996, the founder of the Savannahcat cattery, Patrick Kelly West and the breeder Joyce Srouf, created the new breed standard and passed it to the International Cat Association (TICA). In 2001, after 5 years, the savannah cat breed was officially registered by the organization, and already in 2012 received the status of a champion.
To breed savannahs, the serval was originally crossed with Siamese, oriental, domestic shorthair, bengal, serengeti, Egyptian Mau, and Ocicat. But since 2012, breeders have been performing net mating between two savannas or serval and savannah. External crosses are not permitted by TICA. Inadmissible breeds for mating are bengal, Maine Coon, as they can have undesirable genetic effects.
In the study of savannah genetics, special terminology is used to determine how many generations it is distant from its ancestor of the serval.
Each generation is marked with the letter F with a serial number:
- F1 = 1st generation from an African serval parent (has 50% serval blood)
- F2 = 2nd generation with grandparents serval (25% serval),
- F3 = 3rd generation with great-great-grandfather and great-great-grandmother serval (12.5% serval).
The following generations are designated by a similar principle, ending with F7. Then, if the female is crossed again with a serval, then the savannah kitten will have 75% of his father’s blood and will inherit his appearance. Females are fertile from the 1st generation, male descendants are infertile up to the 5th knee (F5), they are kept as pets. Individuals allowed to reproduce are very selective, mate only with those with whom they have been raised since infancy.
The cost of a pet depends on the percentage of serval in the blood. Savannah F1 is the most expensive because it is very rare. They are very difficult to produce due to the 10-day difference in periods of pregnancy (the average pregnancy of home breeds is about 63 days, and the serval is 74 days). Savannah kittens are born prematurely or the pregnancy is terminated.
In addition, the closer the female is to the pedigree of her African relative, the larger her kittens are born, but less litters. Generations F1 and F2 have very small litters (1-3 kittens) once a year, sometimes pass long periods without birth. Therefore, they cost more.
Average prices for kittens are shown in the table.
|Generation||Litter size||Pet price|
|F1||1-3||15 - 30 thousand $|
|F3||1-4||6 - 12 thousand $|
|F3||4-6||3 - 4 thousand $|
|Next generations||4-6||1 - 3 thousand $|
The price of a kitten also depends on compliance with the breed standard. Breeders are required to provide registration documents, vaccinations by age and keep kittens up to 10-14 weeks.
Savannah cats are recorded as the most expensive in the world.
Description and standard
The savannah is a flexible, slender tall cat that looks very much like a serval, but smaller in size. But this is the largest of the domestic species of cats.
Savannah is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the tallest domestic cat in the world.
Dimensions are very dependent on generation and gender. The savannahs of F1 are usually the largest due to genetics. Males are usually larger (females in adulthood weigh 7-10 kg, males 12-15 kg). A long body gives the impression of a heavier animal than its actual weight. A cat needs about 3 years to grow to its maximum size.
Features of wool, colors
The savannah has a dense short coat of brown, golden, silver, black or smoky color with rich dark spots. The most common color of the coat of the African serval is an oily golden color with black spots. It is registered as a brown-spotted tabby.
The spotted pattern of shroud cats is the only one adopted by TICA, since dark spots are common to all servals. Spots round or oval should follow throughout the body and not connect to each other. Sockets are a non-standard pattern, since the serval does not have them. They can appear after crossing with a bengal.
A striking feature of the savannah is the large expressive eyes, often with brown, gold or green iris and slightly overhanging eyelids, which protects from harsh sunlight. The upper part of the eye resembles a boomerang in shape, and the lower half is almond-shaped. Different eye colors are allowed, which are independent of the color of the coat. From the corners of the eyes on the sides of the nose to the antennae there are tearful dark spots, like a cheetah.
The savannah received from the serval large, large cup-shaped ears, pubescent along the inner edge, with rounded tips. On the back of the ears there is a light stripe bordered by a black, dark gray or brown mark, which imitates the eyes. Such tags are present in most representatives of the cat family to scare away predators.
Features of character and behavior
Savannah is a cat that is famous for its highly developed intelligence. Her behavior depends on the generation and level of socialization. The early lines, as a rule, need extensive socialization due to the greater percentage of wild blood. They can form a hierarchy of dominance, fear strangers. Representatives of later generations are more predictable, but retain some wild instincts.
The main features of pet behavior are:
- Friendliness. The savannahs are sociable, get along well with people and get along with other animals. These are great companions who are looking for social interaction and love to be in the spotlight. They rarely hiss, hide or run away when they see a stranger. The base of their tails fluffs in greeting. This behavior should not be confused with fluffy fur on the back and along the entire length of the tail in fear. Animals also often wag their tail with excitement or pleasure. During communication, they make different sounds: tweet like servals, meow like their domesticated relatives, hiss like snakes.
- Devotion. Shroud cats are known for affection. They have a close relationship with their owners and often greet family members at the door, follow them around the house, touch their heads to them, but only when they themselves want it. For affection, devotion to the owner they are called the "cat version of the dog."
- Curiosity. Savannah cat - curious, assertive, looking for adventure at every opportunity. He often learns to open doors, cabinets, so care must be taken to protect him from unforeseen situations. Easy to learn teams and can walk on a leash.
- Energy. Shroud cats are very active and smart. The animal needs constant movement, many daily interactions with people, animals, loves to play, and immersed in water with pleasure. If the savannah is not busy with anything, she will have bad habits. It is useful for the pet to learn new commands, to spend time with the owner. If the kitten does not receive enough attention, exercise, or intellectual stimulation, it can become anxious, destructive, or even aggressive. Thanks to the long paws, the savannahs are outstanding jumpers, they can overcome a height of 2.5 m. They jump on doors, tall cupboards, and a refrigerator.
- Predatory behavior. Savannah cat can hunt and bring prey to its owners, for example, birds. Therefore, it is advisable to look after her on the street.
Savannahs respond well to training, hierarchy of dominance and clear boundaries. They do not like punishment and new conflicting rules. Therefore, the owner needs to set standards of behavior in advance and reward the cat for following them.
Savannah cat is playful, sociable, intelligent with a sharply developed curiosity. Due to its high intelligence, curiosity and energy splash needs, it is best suited for active owners.
- Body: massive, strongly elongated, muscular, chest has a powerful structure, the growth of the savannah at the withers up to 50-60 centimeters, and weight up to 15 kilograms.
- Limbs: paws are long and thin, on which there is absolutely no place for excess fat. But muscles are rather accurately traced. The forelimbs are much shorter than the hind limbs, the legs themselves are oval and large. The tail is long, pointed to the tip.
- Head: differs in small size and peculiar shape of a versatile triangle, vibrissa pads do not stand out, the neck is elongated and long.
- Wool: quite thick and unusually coarse and elastic. A distinctive feature is the color, characterized by randomly spaced spots resembling leopard ones. Spots can be brown and black. Background color from silver to amber.
- Eyes: the upper line of the eye resembles a boomerang, and the lower one is almond-shaped. The distance between the eyes is equal to their size, Color - yellow, copper or green.
- Ears: large with a wide base, set high enough, the tips are rounded.
There are five color options on the savannah:
- Tabby Cinnamon.
Another distinctive feature of the breed is the presence of good health in comparison with other individuals of the cat family. Savannahs have no genetic diseases characteristic of the breed. They rarely whiten, catch a cold and are not prone to digestive problems.
The only drawback of this “savagery” is that the representatives of the breed have problems during mating, bearing and giving birth, therefore it is better not to engage in independent breeding. Breeding should be left to experienced breeders who know and understand the nuances.
However, their good health does not mean that vaccination and prevention should not be given. Cats are required to be checked by a veterinarian on schedule.
Life expectancy in this breed reaches 17-20 years, which exceeds the average of 15-16 years for other feline representatives.
If you think that because of the origin the pet will be too aggressive and evil, this is not so. Fortunately, the savannahs, starting from 3-4 generations, are quite calm and affectionate with a person with adequate upbringing. They are especially attached to the only owner in the house, but they relate to the rest of the household quite favorably. Most likely, the cat will ignore the guests, rather than show aggression, and will prefer to spend the evening separately from the family.
By virtue of its origin, the savannah loves to climb and play actively, so it is worthwhile to remove fragile and expensive objects away from places that are easy to climb.
This breed is distinguished by intelligence, thanks to which it is accustomed to the scratching post and the tray. Once a pet is banned a couple of times, it will stop doing this. In education, one must be persistent, but without punishment and screaming, the cat must realize that it is the person who is the owner in the apartment.
It should be noted that individuals have the habits of dogs, so a kitten can be easily trained and taught to various teams. Do not forget that because of the nature of the pet, you must immediately learn to walk on a leash and reschedule a trip by transport. It is difficult to retrain adult pets that do not know the rules of behavior in the apartment, so do not delay the upbringing of the cat, otherwise it will do it for you.
Who is not recommended to start a savannah
The savannahs are jealous and do not intend to endure the neighborhood with other pets in the house. The exception is if you immediately got a cat with someone else.
If you want a companion pet that will lie on its lap in the evenings, then the savannah is not right for you. Representatives of this breed, as rare exhibits in the museum, which need careful care, but it’s better not to touch them with your fingers.
It is also not recommended to settle this breed in the presence of children, since the pet can simply scratch or push the child unsuccessfully. The savannah is a large and active cat with wild roots, so its reaction to the careless touch of the baby can cause a defense reaction. And there, as they say, all means are good.
Acquiring a savannah should only be subject to the condition that you can provide your cat with a comfortable living environment. This includes space for savannah activity, high-quality feed or natural meat nutrition and veterinarian services.
Since the hair of the savannah is rough and especially unpretentious, it does not require strong care. It is enough to comb out during molting. It should be bathed once a month. Savannahs love the sound of running water and prefer to drink running water, so if you accustom a cat to water procedures from an early age, then she will not refuse to splash in the water on a hot day.
There is currently no definite point of view regarding the nutrition of the savannah. Someone adheres exclusively to super-premium and holistic feed, in which the necessary micronutrients needed for cats are already collected. Others believe that due to wild roots, a cat should eat meat, like its ancestors.
If you choose the second option, then you should know what meat can be served to the pet.
Although the cat has wild roots, it is not worth it to eat raw meat that has just been brought from the market. The best option is to freeze the meat for 3 days in a freezer. This procedure kills all possible parasites, so after defrosting such meat can be given raw.
Advice! Cut the meat in portions, put the daily ration in each bag and freeze it. So the meat will defrost faster, and you do not have to worry about eating a pet every time.
The main supply of essential taurine is found in chicken, turkey, tuna or lean beef. But pork and lamb should be abandoned, as these are fatty meats, which the cat’s body is not used to.
In addition to meat, it is best to serve fresh vegetables. Porridge, milk, dairy products and fish should be limited as much as possible.
Naturally, everything salty, sweet and smoked should be excluded from the diet, because they can trigger stomach irritation or adversely affect the coat.
Caring for your ears, claws and teeth
You should purchase a special paste and a toothbrush to clean the pet’s teeth from plaque.
Also do not forget about the ears, which need to be cleaned of dirt once a week with a swab, which must first be moistened with water or gel.
To grind the claws, it is better to buy a claw-tip and train it in advance. If the claws are not enough, then the claws should be trimmed once a month using a special guillotine.
The best option for a cat to live is a spacious house in which she can run and play. Because of savannah savannah, the apartment is the least suitable for maintenance. But if you are ready to walk your pet regularly, like a dog, then this will give the animal extra energy and will save the house from defeat.
A special feature is the need for water, in which it can play and frolic. Cats still have the peculiarities of their ancestors who loved to hunt near ponds, so a trip to a pond or lake will definitely please the pet.
Photos of stunning beauty of savannah cats:
Historical background on the origin of the breed
The history of the breed began in the US state of Pennsylvania in 1986. Shrubby cat breeder Judy Frank took a female African serval from her friend Susie Woods to cover her females.
During his stay in the house of Mrs. Frank, it so happened that he impregnated the home Siamese. A cat was born from her, who inherited the outward signs of her father-serval, and only talkativeness was transmitted to her from her mother. She was quite large, long-legged, with a beautiful cheetah color. Judy gave the kitten a friend of Susie, the owner of the serval, and she gave her a beautiful name - Savannah.
When the unusual cat matured, the woman crossed her with an Angora cat and even published several articles about her experiments. A little later, Susie sold the Savannah to Patrick Kelly, who later went on to breed hybrids. He collaborated with an experienced Bengal cat breeder and breeder, Joyce Srouf.
The new breed was first introduced to the public in 1996. TICA registered it only after 5 years. Following her, other felinological organizations decided to take such a step. By 2015, savannah cats were recognized as the most expensive in the world.
Are savannah and usher the same thing?
The description of the savannah breed will be incomplete if you do not mention another name - Simon Brody. This person - the owner of Lifestyle Pets, turned a real scam, passing off the descendants of Savannah as a new breed, which he allegedly bred himself and named her asher. He claimed to have received large leopard cats by crossing African serval, Asian leopard and domestic cats.
Mr. Brody skillfully “untwisted” a new brand and convinced potential buyers that the new breed does not cause allergies. Demand for unusual kittens with original appearance quickly increased, despite the high cost. Soon the fraud was revealed.
Breeder Chris Shirk of Pennsylvania stated that Simon Brody bought several savannah kittens from him and then passed them off as members of the new Asher line. The truth was revealed thanks to an independent genetic examination. The analyzes confirmed the words of Mr. Shirk, who claimed that the asher cats are representatives of the savannah breed. The head of Lifestyle Pets is now on the wanted list.
Description of the breed with photos
The appearance of the animal depends on the classification of the hybrid. The first generation of kittens from crossing the serval with a Bengal cat is designated F1, the second - F2, the third - F3. The smaller the number after the letter F, the more genes the animal has from a wild African cat.
F1 kittens contain 50% serval blood. In the second generation of savannas, only 29% of the blood of the serval, in litter F3 - no more than 13%. The following generations are not recognized by most felinological organizations. All subsequent generations almost do not differ in appearance from a domestic cat, but if they are again crossed with a serval, then kittens born will inherit 70–80% of the signs of an African cat.
Consider the requirements of the standard on the example of a hybrid of the first generation F1. In the photo, savannah cats are quite large animals, reaching a length of 90–100 cm. The weight of the male is 13–14 kg, and the female is 8–9 kg.
- the body is elegant, elongated, flexible, with well-developed muscles
- chest and shoulder girdle wider than the pelvis,
- the small head has a wedge shape, the muzzle is elongated,
- cheekbones and pads are not distinguished,
- the nose is massive, the nose is quite wide,
- the eyes are large, the lower eyelids are almond-shaped, the upper ones resemble a boomerang,
- there are blackouts on the inner corners of the eyes, similar to a tear path,
- the iris can be painted in yellow, green, amber and blue-gray, the color of the eyes is not tied to the color of the coat,
- large auricles are set high and located close to each other, the tips are rounded,
- the chin is small, round,
- a long, well-muscled neck, smoothly passing into the chest,
- limbs thin, graceful, high, hind legs longer than front,
- small oval-shaped paws with powerful fingers equipped with strong claws,
- a tail of medium thickness should ideally reach the hocks.
The main reasons for the savannah’s disqualification are polydacty, small ears, and color defects. Individuals with behaviors characteristic of feral cats and exhibiting aggression towards humans are not allowed to participate in exhibitions and breeding.
The hair of the savannah is quite thick and consists of strong outer hair and soft undercoat. The pattern on the body resembles a cheetah - spots in the form of smears are scattered throughout the body. On the stomach and chest they are smaller, on the back - larger. Their shade always varies from dark brown to black.
The standard provides several types of color for cats of the savannah breed:
Attention! Representatives of this breed should not have white medallions, as well as tiger stripes on the wool.
Character and habits
The nature of the savannah betrays her kinship with wild cats. These are freedom-loving and rather independent animals, endowed with high intelligence. They will never be like a sofa cushion. Using them as an interior decoration is also unlikely to succeed - the savannahs are very mobile. They like to run, play, hunt, which is quite natural for cats, whose closest relatives are wild animals.
Cat Savannah color silver
Kittens are active and curious, playful and affectionate. Breeders with experience advise more often to take the baby in his arms, sleep with him, communicate, so that the pet grows up, surrounded by love. This will help build confidence in the owner and socialize faster. First-generation hybrids may be wary of strangers.
Relations with other animals are difficult, because representatives of this breed are leaders, they do not tolerate competition. However, even pets with a wayward character can change after the castration procedure. They will become more balanced and calm, the passion for dominance will subside.
Savannah - a cat with a high level of intelligence, which is easy to train different teams. The owners of these animals claim that their pets can bring a ball and give a paw like dogs. If desired, you can teach your favorite and more complex tricks. Raising a cat, one cannot be aggressive and behave rudely - savannahs require respect for themselves.
Hunter skills are highly developed in hybrids of the 1st and 2nd generation. The pet can get carried away and begin to hunt for the feet of its owner. Such behavior should be suppressed since childhood. It is important to give the cat the opportunity to splash out his energy in another way. The savannahs are large, so they need a lot of free space for active games. The best place to keep a pet will be a large house with a yard.
Savannah - Big Cats
If the animal is kept in the apartment, you have to buy a large cat complex for him. You will also need a lot of toys, including interactive ones, so that your pet will not be bored. Walking on a harness is necessary for a pet who lives in an apartment building. Walking is allowed in dry, warm weather. In winter, you can go outside if there is no wind, and the thermometer’s column is above –5 ºС.
Attention! Savannah cats cannot stand loneliness. Do not have a pet if the work takes up most of the time.
Hybrids F1 and F2 tend to become attached to one family member and very acutely experience separation from the owner. Savannah will take a lot of time to get used to the new owner, if you have to part with the old. For the same reason, kittens from the nursery in the first weeks of life in the house do not go into contact with family members for a long time. Adaptation can take 1-2 weeks, and in some cases up to a month.
Savannah Care Features
Before moving the pet into the house, everything should be prepared - remove fragile objects that are dear to the heart from shelves, hide wires, and install a cat complex. It is desirable to equip the trash can with a tightly closing lid - a pet will certainly explore every corner. For a cat you need to buy:
- a big couch
- capacious tray, scoop, filler,
- bowls for food and water,
- toys - balls, mice,
- hair care products,
Savannah cat plays in the water
Caring for this cat is easy. Short hair is combed out once a week, and during molting it is daily brushed with a rubber brush. In most cases, savannas love to swim and swim if they are accustomed to this from an early age. Be sure to check this moment with the owner of the nursery. The recommended frequency of water procedures is once a month or as needed.
Attention! Savannah cats are easily accustomed to the tray, and some individuals go to the toilet. You can try to teach your pet how to use a human toilet. The main thing in this business is patience.
Claws are cut once every 10 days. It is necessary to monitor the condition of the auricles - no dirt should accumulate inside. The external auditory meatus is carefully cleaned with a cotton pad dipped in hydrogen peroxide or other antiseptic. Dry dentological feeds are used to remove plaque from the teeth.
Care and maintenance
Savannah cat needs the right conditions for its maintenance and development of its natural skills. It is necessary to create a safe zone in the house where she can climb, jump. High cat houses, clawpads will make the pet's life more interesting. It is recommended to hide the hanging wires and curtains, attach furniture to the wall so that the pet cannot knock it over, remove toxic plants, open bottles and other dangerous objects. A safe, quiet shelter is also useful where the animal can retire.
It is advisable to create a playground for the pet with a house, a climbing column, which will help him develop his physical abilities. Small animals - fish, birds, rodents should be kept in cages.
In the wild, servals feed on rodents and birds. Veterinarians recommend including raw meat or minced meat at least 2-3 times a week in the diet of savannah cats. The rest of the time, the pet is given industrial food of a super-premium class with a minimum amount of plant components in the composition. Suitable food intended for large breeds - Maine Coons and Norwegian forest cats.
Savannah cats include meat
- any fish
- spicy, salty, fatty, fried foods,
- sweets, buns.
Attention! Veterinarians recommend soldering the savannah with vitamin and mineral complexes. Their composition should include amino acids, vitamins of groups B, A, E.
F1 hybrids are obtained by crossing a male serval and a female domestic cat. Most often breeds are used in breeding - Bengal, Egyptian Mau, Burmese, Oriental and other short-haired varieties. To obtain savannas, F2 and F3 knit females F1 and F2 with domestic cats. All descendants of the male serval until the 4th generation are sterile, that is, they cannot fertilize the cat. For this reason, males are most often sold in nurseries, and female savannas are left for breeding.
Reference. Savannah cats have puberty at the age of 1 year, but the first mating is recommended to be postponed until 1.5–2 years.
Getting a F1 kitten is very difficult. Firstly, wild and domestic cats have different durations of gestation. For servals, it is 75 days. That is, the mother of a hybrid kitten does not finish it, because of this, newborns often die.
Savannah F1 and F2
Differences in the genetic set also play a role - often the fetus freezes in the womb. Another problem is that the males of the serval carefully choose the female for mating, so they often refuse to cover the domestic cat. This explains the high cost of animals.
Savannah cat price and cattery list
The price of kittens depends on the classification of the hybrid. The most expensive animals belong to the 1st and 2nd generation. They have 50% and 29% serval blood, respectively. Such cats are very large and resemble wild relatives. Their cost reaches 16,000–20,000 dollars. Hybrids labeled F3 – F4 will cost $ 3,000–6,000. Of the 5th generation hybrids, males are valued higher, this is due to their ability to reproduce.
Nurseries in Russia and Ukraine:
- Snezhinsk - Savannah Spirit,
- Moscow - Arilah Cat,
- Solnechnogorsk - Soulcats,
- Kiev (Ukraine) - Royal Cats.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
Savannah cat is highly regarded for its unusual appearance. It has become fashionable to keep exotic animals in the house, which explains their popularity. The advantages of the breed include high intelligence, endurance, good health, ease of care and unpretentiousness. The owners of hybrids speak with love about them, but note that cats of the first generation still retain some features of the behavior of African servals. Those who want to raise a tender, affectionate and complaisant pet should better opt for F3 – F4 hybrids.
Savannah - a cat with a luxurious appearance and wayward character. It requires respect, does not tolerate competition, wants to be in the spotlight. Such a pet is not suitable for everyone. Before deciding to get this animal, it is worth considering carefully whether you can pay him as much attention as necessary.
|General information||A large hybrid of the African Serval and domestic cats||The first generation of savannah was obtained from Serval and Siamese cat|
|Character||From the 4th generation onwards, they are quite friendly cats that resemble a dog in character|
Active, self-sufficient and highly intelligent breed
Adult cats weigh from 8 to 14 kg, males are larger than females
Usually attached to one of the family members. As a greeting, he can suddenly jump on a person
How to choose a kitten
Before buying a savannah kitten, you should look at the parents. The main thing to pay attention to is the living conditions, the pedigree and the order of generation of the kitten.
Important! As a pet, you should take a kitten no earlier than 3-4 generations.
Parents of the pet must be purebred, the owner of the nursery must have pedigrees for each manufacturer and veterinary passport confirming the availability of a planned vaccination. Animals should not live in cramped conditions.
The optimal age of a kitten for acquisition is 3-4 months, by the time of sale it should be socialized and trained in using a scratching post and a tray. The pet should rumble, purr, make contact easily and be playful. If the kitten is too aggressive, then you should refrain from buying.
The kitten should be taken only in the presence of the breeder and with a full contract, which provides for checking the animal for infectious diseases and the possibility of return, with an unsatisfactory conclusion of the veterinarian.
As already mentioned, it is better not to engage in independent breeding, since there are a large number of nuances of mating savannas and their genera, which inexperienced breeders can simply not cope with.
Savannahs are anxious and meticulous in choosing a partner, so crossbreeding with cats and cats of other breeds is difficult. The male from the first (F1) to the fourth (F4) generation is infertile, so the savannah cats are again crossed with other breeds. Second generation kittens (F2) still have strong wild ancestral traits. This is manifested by aggression towards humans, poor learning and hunting habits.
Only in the fourth generation (F4) do savannahs become manageable and human-friendly.
The main nuance is that there is no exact date of gestation, since this is a crossed species. In the progenitor of the Serval breed, the gestation period lasts 75 days, in other breeds 65-68 days, because of this discrepancy, kittens are often born prematurely. Serval litter is not numerous and usually amounts to 1-3 kittens.
If you are going to buy a pet, then get ready to see a rather big bill. The average price starts from 325,000 - 450,000 rubles, and this does not include the cost of transporting a cat.
The generation of a savannah kitten will be primarily affected by its generation:
- F1-F2 - up to $ 22,000, kittens girls exclusively for breeding, serval blood - 50% and 25%, respectively.
- F3 - up to $ 4000, serval blood - 12%.
- F4-F5 - about $ 1000, cats of 1-3 generations and serval can become the parents of kittens so that there is more “wild” blood.
Nurseries that sell savannah
In Russia, it is difficult to purchase a savannah kitten for breeding, as many nurseries are located abroad. It is worth paying attention to the fact that immediately you can’t buy a pet, for a start it is worth booking.
The most popular nursery abroad is A1 SAVANNAHS - the city of Ponca, Oklahoma, USA (Ponca City, Oklahoma, USA).
What to feed
Savannah cats are growing fast, so proper nutrition is vital. As predatory animals, they need food with a high protein content, a moderate amount of fat, a minimum amount of carbohydrates. Vitamins, minerals, amino acids are also required. Therefore, they need to provide a balanced diet and be sure to ensure constant access to fresh clean water.
Fresh raw meat is the healthiest option for your pet. Beef, veal and pork can cause allergic reactions, so it is recommended to give them less often than poultry, rabbit. Cereals should be excluded, fish should be minimized due to saturation with heavy metals and the fact that it causes dependence due to strong taste. It has been proven that cats that eat a properly balanced mixture of raw meat are more likely to have a long life.
With the increasing popularity of the savannah breed, the number of breeders is growing. However, it is recommended to buy a kitten in certified nurseries responsible for its pedigree.
The International Cat Association (TICA) officially registered 32 cattery around the world:
- 22 of which are in the USA,
- 4 - in Canada
- 6 are located in European countries: Czech Republic (SAVANNAHCZ), Germany (DANUWA), Great Britain (TOPCATSUK), Scotland (STYLISTICAT), Poland (THECATSAMONGUS), Russia (SAVANNAHGRIFFIN).
Currently, there are relatively few registered savannas in the world, which makes them special pets.
In some places, a ban on possession of the savannah cat is introduced because of its hybrid origin. This restriction is valid in Australia, as well as in some American states, including Nebraska, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Texas, Hawaii, New York.
Pros and cons
Savannah cats are exotic animals that need special treatment. Therefore, before you start a pet, you need to weigh the main pros and cons.
- It looks like a graceful wild cat, but suitable for living at home.
- Affectionate, sociable with people, animals.
- Very smart and trained.
- Likes to swim.
- Ownership of shroud cats is prohibited in some places.
- The breed is rare and expensive.
- Prone to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
- A special diet may be required.
Some people who decide to buy a savannah are interested in not only the photo of the breed and reviews about it, but also whether it has qualities suitable for their own character. Zooastrologists believe that the savannah is most suitable for an energetic, purposeful Aries, friendly, intellectually developed Gemini, a shy, affectionate Virgo, and a confident, freedom-loving Sagittarius. But with proper socialization, the savannah can become a loving, faithful friend for each of the signs of the zodiac.
Savannah is a unique cat combining the features of a clever African predator and an affectionate pet loyal to the owner. The majestic beauty, intelligence, good character make her the most desired pet among the cat family.
These are very big cats and this must be taken into account. Firstly, not all veterinarians are ready to work with them. Secondly, they are constantly on the move. They’ll get into any cabinet and even a refrigerator, I have locks everywhere. When friends come, they ask me to put my cat in another room. He can see how the chill runs down his back. But at the same time - this is a very loyal cat. She follows me everywhere. Aggression did not observe her. True, once the cat pawed my nose, and I thought that he had broken it. They are very strong.
They are unrealistically energetic, and frightening in size. My Simba loves people very much. It seems to me that he sees the guest as a new “toy”. With him you can frolic, play. I can not call the savannah a cat. This is something special, unique. They are very loyal, smart and really cool.
By far the biggest problem facing any life in the savannah is the uneven rainfall. Depending on the region, the savannah receives between 50 and 120 cm of rain annually. Although this seems sufficient, it will wait six to eight months. But the rest of the year the earth dries up almost completely.
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Worse, in some regions, only 15 cm of rain falls, which makes them a little more hospitable than deserts. Tanzania has two rainy seasons with a gap of about two months between them. In the dry season, conditions become so dry that regular fires are an integral part of life in the savannah.
Savannah cat breed description
Name of this breed: Bengal cat. It should be noted that only the external data of the cat was similar to the external data of the leopard, that is, the behavior remained the most common for a domestic cat.
Breeders set themselves the goal of transmitting genes, the so-called spirit of Africa, and at the same time it was required that the animal could live at home, constrained by four walls.
All the necessary genes were taken from the cheetah and received the following characteristics:
- Height at the withers up to sixty centimeters.
- Body length up to one meter thirty five centimeters.
- Weight: up to fifteen kilograms of males and up to seven kilograms of females.
- The fur is thick, short, spotty. Colors are brown, golden and silver, as well as tabby and cinnamon. Color depends a lot on the kitten's parents.
- Life expectancy of up to twenty years.
It is also worth mentioning several features of this breed: unusually long paws and large-sized ears-locators.
Cat Savannah Character
Cats of this breed are unusually jumping - up to 3 meters in height and are very fond of water. This is not just a lack of fear of water, but really a desire to swim.
From the previous feature follows the excellent ability to swim long distances. Hunting instincts. It is not recommended to take the cat for a walk without a leash. If you let her go, she will terrorize the yard dwellers.
This breed is also very active and, accordingly, likes to run. Due to this property, it is more suitable for its homes and summer cottages, unless, of course, we compare the conditions of detention in the above with the conditions of detention in the apartment.
Even if your cottage has a sufficiently large adjacent territory, a cat of this breed should still be taken for a walk and always on a leash.
Cats of this breed usually have a light, curious nature and quickly get used to familiar people.. Very attached to their master. Thanks to such a trait, they can not be left for temporary maintenance to other people.
The downside of savannah cats is that the cat has a habit of marking the territory on which it lives. It was not possible to get rid of this habit.
But then this breed of cats is easily accustomed to the tray.There is also the opportunity to train a cat to endure a walk, because anyway it is necessary to walk with it.
Relationship of the shroud with other animals
If the savannah lives with any other pet from birth, then they will become friends, but if you bring the baby of any animal to the house, it is impossible to guess how the savannah will react to it.
Savannah cat treats young children much better.
For some unknown reason, this type of cat adores young children. They, like ordinary cats, can purr and love to caress.
Cat breeding savannah
An annoying fact should be mentioned - with each new generation, the savannah loses its cheetah traits and acquires more and more genes of an ordinary cat. This is expressed both in appearance and in behavior. Accordingly, the price of a savannah cat is getting lower.
Males up to the fourth generation do not give offspring and for this reason females are much more expensive.
Felinologists brought three levels of offspring:
- F1. First offspring are very expensive. Received from crossing a serval with a domestic cat. This is the first hybrid generation and cheetah genes - fifty percent.
- F2. The second hybrid generation. Receive from generation savannah F1 and a domestic cat. Cheetah genes - about thirty percent.
- F3 Knit savannah F2 with a domestic cat. Cheetah genes - approximately thirteen percent.
Further mating is pointless. At this point, the savannah generation ends and a wild serval is required.
The mating of a female serval with a male of the first generation contains up to seventy-five percent of wild genes. This is a very rare knit.
To create a mating in any generation, they must live life together, and only in this case is it likely that they will have offspring.
The conclusion of the offspring is the lot of professional breeders, you should buy a savannah cat for pleasure, realizing all measures of responsibility, you must buy it when the cat is still a kitten, for this you need to go to special nurseries where it is possible to get a savannah cat for a great price.
And if you are a mere mortal, and you can’t spend a fortune and a lifetime to look after a savannah cat, then you just need to know that such a breed exists.